Ide Anak Agung Gde Agung

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Ide Anak Agung Gde Agung
Ide Anak Agung Gde Agung, Round Table Conference 1948.jpg
Ide Anak Agung Gde Agung, 1948
3rd Prime Minister of the State of East Indonesia
In office
15 December 1947 – 27 December 1949
PresidentTjokorda Gde Raka Soekawati
Preceded byWarouw
Succeeded byJ.E. Tatengkeng
Interior Minister of the United States of Indonesia
In office
20 December 1949 – 6 September 1950
Preceded byWongsonegoro
Succeeded byAssaat
Foreign Minister of Indonesia
In office
12 August 1955 – 24 March 1956
Preceded bySoenario
Succeeded byRoeslan Abdulgani
6th Indonesian Ambassador to Austria
In office
Preceded byLaili Roesad
Succeeded byAbdullah Kamil
Personal details
Born(1921-07-21)21 July 1921
Gianyar, Bali, Dutch East Indies
Died22 April 1999(1999-04-22) (aged 77)

Ide Anak Agung Gde Agung[1] (old spelling: Ide Anak Agoeng Gde Agoeng; 21 July 1921 – 22 April 1999)[citation needed] was an Indonesian politician and the Raja of Gianyar, Bali.


Ide Anak Agung Gde Agung studied law at the Rechtshogeschool (School of Law, predecessor of the law faculty of Universitas Indonesia) in Batavia and obtained a Doctorate of History in the Netherlands.[2] He served as the premier for Tjokorda Gde Raka Soekawati, a key figure in the East Indonesian government based in Sulawesi.[3] In this role, he played a decisive part in the Round Table Conference that finally led to Dutch recognition of Indonesia's independence.[4] Following the transfer of sovereignty on December 27, 1949, Agung served as a member of the short-lived RUSI Cabinet where he served as Minister of the Interior.[4] Due to his Federalist sympathies, he politically feuded with Sukarno who advocated a unitary Republic of Indonesia. Following the abolition of the federal system in 1950, he served as the Indonesian Ambassador to Belgium,[3] followed by successive appointments as Ambassador to Luxembourg, Portugal, France and Austria. During the Sukarno presidency, Agung served as Indonesia's Foreign Minister between 1955 and 1956, and was a participant in the West New Guinea dispute. Later, he was imprisoned by the Sukarno regime between 1962 and 1966 but was never brought to trial.[4]

Following the 1965 attempted coup and rise of Suharto's New Order regime, Ide Anak Agung Gde Agung was released by the new Indonesian Foreign Minister Adam Malik, who also restored him to his senior position in the Ministry of Foreign Affairs. During the New Order era, Agung served as Indonesia's Ambassador to Austria. During his time overseas, Agung also authored Twenty years Indonesian foreign policy 1945-1965, a 660-page history of Indonesian foreign policy during the Sukarno era. In his book, Ide Anak Agung Gde Agung argued that Indonesian foreign policy was based on the principles of independence and action, which meant remaining independent of foreign powers. Agung also argued that Sukarno abandoned Indonesia's independent foreign policy by aligning Indonesia with China and embarking on a policy of Confrontation against Malaysia.[4] Agung died in 1999 and he was named a National Hero of the Republic of Indonesia in 2007.[5]

Selected works[edit]

  • Twenty years Indonesian foreign policy 1945-1965 (Mouton, The Hague, 1973)
  • Dari Negara Indonesia Timur ke Republik Indonesia Serikat(Gadjah Mada University Press, Yogyakarta, 1985)
    • Translated as From the Formation of the State of East Indonesia Towards the Establishment of the United States of Indonesia (Yayasan Obor, Jakarta, 1996)
  • Bali in the 19th Century (Yayasan Obor, Jakarta, 1996)


  1. ^ Anak Agung 1995, p. 899.
  2. ^ Clancy 1992, p. 18.
  3. ^ a b Westerling 1952, p. 167.
  4. ^ a b c d Anak Agung 1973, p. 11.
  5. ^ Vickers 2007.


  • Clancy, Gregory Bruce (1992). A Dictionary of Indonesian History Since 1900. Sydney, Australia: Sunda Publications. ISBN 9780646107547.
  • Ide Anak Agung Gde Agung (1973). Twenty years Indonesian foreign policy 1945-1965. The Hague: Mouton.
  • Ide Anak Agung Gde Agung (1996) [1995]. From the Formation of the State of East Indonesia Towards the Establishment of the United States of Indonesia. Translated by Owens, Linda. Yayasan Obor. ISBN 979-461-216-2.
  • Westerling, Raymond Paul Pierre (1952). Mes aventures en Indonesie [Challenge to Terror] (in French). Translated by Root, Waverley. London: W. Kimber.
  • Vickers, Adrian (14 November 2007). "The Ide Anak Agung Agung Gde Agung controversy". Indonesia Blog. University of Sydney. Retrieved 21 December 2018.

Further reading[edit]