Identity documents of India

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Identity documents of India are increasingly used to transact and obtain government benefits in India.

While there is no single mandatory document, the following documents are used in lieu of a national identity document:[1][2]

List of Identity documents of India[edit]

  • Aadhaar Card, issued by UIDAI.
  • Indian passport
  • Voter ID Card, issued by the Election Commission of India
  • Overseas Citizenship of India document
  • Person of Indian Origin Card
  • PAN Card, issued by the Income Tax Department
  • Driving license in India issued by the respective state governments
  • Ration card issued by the Government of India
  • Identity Certificate for non-citizens or stateless people
  • A Birth certificate issued by the Registry of Births and Deaths (RBD) or from a Municipality within the provisions of the RBD Act
  • Transfer/School leaving/Matriculation Certificate
  • Service Identity Card issued by State/Central Government, Public Sector Undertakings, local bodies or public Limited Companies
  • Copy of an extract of the service record of the applicant (only in respect of Government servants) or the Pay Pension Order (in respect of retired Government Servants), duly attested/certified by the officer/in-charge of the Administration of the concerned Ministry/Department of the holder
  • Policy Bond issued by Public Life Insurance Corporations/Companies
  • Scheduled Caste/Scheduled Tribe/Other Backward Classes Certificates
  • Freedom Fighter Identity Cards
  • Arms Licenses
  • Property Documents such as Pattas, Registered Deeds etc.
  • Railway Identity Cards
  • Student Photo Identity Cards issued by Government Recognized Educational Institutions in respect of full time courses
  • Gas Connection Bill
  • Bank/ Kisan/ Post Office Passbooks
  • Photo Bank ATM Card
  • Photo Credit Card
  • Pensioner Photo Card
  • Certificate of Identify having photo issued by Gazetted Officer or Tehsildar on letterhead
  • Unique Disability ID (UDID) Card / Disability medical certificate issued by the respective State / UT
  • Marriage Certificate
  • Proof of Marriage document issued by the Registrar
  • Gazette Notification
  • Legal Name Change Certificate
  • Land revenue certificate
  • Land Certificate

Identity documents are used for multiple purposes:

  • For domestic and international travel
  • To obtain a mobile phone SIM card
  • To apply for a passport
  • To obtain government benefits
  • In certain cases when asked to do so by law-enforcement officers


A large number of people remain without identity documents - poor people especially. In order to include them, identity requirements for Aadhaar have been reduced, however biometric facilities have been provided to reduce or eliminated duplication, so while it may be possible to obtain the card under a false name, it is less likely to be able to obtain another Aadhaar card under a different (or real) name, though there have been cases where the biometrics has been circumvented.[citation needed][3]

There was a criticism that India has too many Identity systems, and they are not consistently accepted. As a solution, GOI introduced Aadhaar Cards in 2014, which is most widely accepted identification document in india and can be easily obtained by any person of any age group.


  1. ^ "Passport Seva Application form". Government of India. Retrieved 22 April 2017.
  2. ^ "AADHAR Card Documents Required". Aadhaar Card Government of India. 8 April 2016. Retrieved 22 April 2017.
  3. ^ "The Dangers Of Aadhaar-Based Payments That No One Is Talking About". Bloomberg Quint. Retrieved 28 May 2017.