Idrisid Emirate of Asir

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Idrisid Emirate of Asir

إمارة عسير الإدريسية
1910–1934
Flag of Asir
Flag (1909–1927)
StatusEmirate
CapitalSabya
History 
• Anti-Ottoman rising
1906
• Emirate Established
1910
• Independence proclaimed
1917
• Protectorate of Nejd
1926
• Incorporated into Hejaz
1930
• Annexed by Saudi Arabia
1934
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Ottoman Empire
Sheikdom of Upper Asir
Saudi Arabia
Kingdom of Yemen

The Idrisid Emirate of Asir was a state located on the Arabian Peninsula. The Emirate was located in the geographical region of Jizan in what is now southwestern Saudi Arabia. The authority of the Emir was restricted to a strip of the Tihamah some 80 mi (129 km) long and extending about 40 mi (64 km) inland to the scarp of highland Asir, with Sabya as its capital and Jizan and Midi as ports.[1]

The Emirate was established by Muhammad ibn Ali al-Idrisi in rebellion against the Ottoman Empire. It gained the support of Great Britain during the First World War,[2] and flourished until the death of Sayyid Muhammad in 1920. Following the collapse of the Ottoman Empire in 1918, the emirate expanded its domains, reaching as far as Hudaydah.[3] In 1925, Hudaydah was captured by the Mutawakkilite Kingdom of Yemen. [3]

It was gradually absorbed into the state of the Kingdom of Hejaz and Nejd and formally annexed by its successor, Saudi Arabia, under the Treaty of Taif in 1934.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Wikisource Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1922). "Arabia" . Encyclopædia Britannica (12th ed.). London & New York.
  2. ^ Wikisource Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1922). "Idrisi" . Encyclopædia Britannica (12th ed.). London & New York.
  3. ^ a b Baldry, John (1976). "Anglo-Italian Rivalry in Yemen and ʿAsīr 1900-1934". Die Welt des Islams. 17 (1/4): 155–193. doi:10.2307/1570344. ISSN 0043-2539. JSTOR 1570344.

External links[edit]