Idun language

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Idun
Dũya
Native toNigeria
RegionKaduna State
Native speakers
78,000 (2012)[1]
Language codes
ISO 639-3ldb
Glottologidun1241[2]

Idun (Idũ), or Dũya (Dunya, Adong, Lungu, Ungu), is a poorly attested Plateau language of Nigeria. Its classification is uncertain, but it may be closest to Ashe.

Phonology[edit]

Consonants[edit]

[3]
  Bilabial Labiodental Alveolar Post-alveolar Retroflex Palatal Labial-palatal Velar Labial-velar Glottal
Stop p b t d c ɟ k ɡ k͡p ɡ͡b
Nasal m n ŋ
Tap ɾ ɽ
Trill r
Fricative f v s z ʃ ʒ x ɣ h
Affricate p̪͡f b̪͡v t͡s d͡z
Approximant j ɥ w
Lateral (l)1

1. Only in recent loanwords, mostly from Hausa

Vowels[edit]

[4]
  Front Central Back
Close i u
Near-Close ɪ ʊ
Close-Mid e o
Open-Mid ɛ ɔ
Open a

All vowels except the near-close vowels /ɪ/ and /ʊ/ can appear long, nasalised or both; the vowels /ɪ/ and /ʊ/ are being lost for young speakers.[5]

Tone[edit]

There are three level tones in Idun, as well as a rising tone and falling tone arising from adjacent level tones.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Idun at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
  2. ^ Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Idun". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.
  3. ^ Roger Blench, The Idũ language of Central Nigeria: Phonology, wordlist and suggestions for orthography changes. (2010:6).
  4. ^ Roger Blench (2010:1-2).
  5. ^ Roger Blench (2010:1)