If It Had Happened Otherwise

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If It Had Happened Otherwise
EditorJ. C. Squire
CountryUnited Kingdom
Genrealternate history
PublisherLongmans, Green

If It Had Happened Otherwise (ISBN 028397821X) is a 1931 collection of essays edited by J. C. Squire and published by Longmans, Green. Each essay in the collection could be considered alternate history or counterfactual history, a few written by leading historians of the period and one by Winston Churchill.


The original edition included the following essays:[1]

Revised edition[edit]

A revised edition with the alternate title If: or, History Rewritten was also released by the American Viking Press in 1931, deleting the General Strike essay and adding one new essay along with reprints of two older but previously uncollected ones:

See also[edit]

Among many other works of alternate-history science fiction:


  1. ^ Uchronia Entry
  2. ^ "If Don John of Austria had Married Mary Queen of Scots" by G. K. Chesterton (scroll to bottom of page)
  3. ^ "If Lee Had Not Won the Battle of Gettysburg" by Winston Churchill. Reprinted in Wisconsin Magazine of History: Volume 44, number 4, summer, 1961.
  4. ^ "If Robert E. Lee Had NOT Won the Battle of Gettysburg"
  5. ^ "If: A Jacobite Fantasy", Charles Petrie
  6. ^ ""If Napoleon had Won the Battle of Waterloo" by G. M. Trevalyan". Archived from the original on October 27, 2009. Retrieved 2006-11-02.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: bot: original URL status unknown (link)