Ifenprodil

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Ifenprodil
Ifenprodil.svg
Names
IUPAC name
4-[2-(4-benzylpiperidin-1-yl)-1-hydroxypropyl]phenol
Identifiers
3D model (Jmol)
ChemSpider
ECHA InfoCard 100.041.341
KEGG
UNII
Properties
C21H27NO2
Molar mass 325.445
Pharmacology
C04AX28 (WHO)
Except where otherwise noted, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C [77 °F], 100 kPa).
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Infobox references

Ifenprodil is an inhibitor of the NMDA receptor,[1] specifically of GluN1 (glycine-binding NMDA receptor subunit 1) and GluN2B (glutamate-binding NMDA receptor subunit 2) subunits.[2] Additionally, ifenprodil inhibits GIRK channels, and interacts with alpha1 adrenergic, serotonin, and sigma receptors.[3]

NMDA receptors are multimeric ionotropic glutamate receptors composed of four subunits. GluN1 is obligate for functional expression. Other subunits include GluN2A, GluN2B, and the more recently discovered GluN3 subunits. Ifenprodil selectively blocks NMDA receptors containing the GluN2B subunit.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Reynolds IJ, Miller RJ (1989). "Ifenprodil is a novel type of N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor antagonist: interaction with polyamines". Mol. Pharmacol. 36 (5): 758–65. PMID 2555674. 
  2. ^ Korinek M, Kapras V, Vyklicky V, Adamusova E, Borovska J, Vales K, Stuchlik A, Horak M, Chodounska H, Vyklicky L Jr (Dec 2011). "Neurosteroid modulation of N-methyl-d-aspartate receptors: Molecular mechanism and behavioral effects". Steroids. 76 (13): 1409–18. doi:10.1016/j.steroids.2011.09.002. PMID 21925193. 
  3. ^ Kobayashi, Toru; Washiyama, Kazuo; Ikeda, Kazutaka (3 August 2005). "Inhibition of G Protein-Activated Inwardly Rectifying K+ Channels by Ifenprodil". Neuropsychopharmacology. 31 (3): 516–524. doi:10.1038/sj.npp.1300844. PMID 16123769.