Iftikhar Khan

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Muhammad Iftikhar Khan
Geniftikhar.jpg
Major General Muhammad Iftikhar Khan's official portrait
Allegiance  Pakistan
Service/branch  Pakistan Army(PA-2)
British Raj British India
Years of service 1929–1949
Rank US-O8 insignia.svg Major General
Commands held 7th Light Cavalry
10th Division
Battles/wars Indo-Pakistani War of 1947

Major General Muhammed Iftikhar Khan was born on 10 January 1909.[1] He belongs to the Minhas Rajput clan of Chakwal. His father Sirdar (or Sardar) Bahadur, Raja Fazal Dad Khan was a hereditary Landlord (or Zamindar) and was commissioned with a British Army cavalry unit. He is the brother of Pakistan's first General (PA-1)Muhammed Akbar Khan.

After attending the Royal Military College, Sandhurst he was commissioned a Second Lieutenant on the Unattached List for the Indian Army on 29 August 1929.[2] He then spent a year on attachment to the 2nd battalion the Manchester Regiment.

He was posted to the 7th Light Cavalry and joined the Indian Army on 16 October 1930.[3] He was promoted Lieutenant on 29 November 1931. He then transferred to the 3rd Cavalry on 1 October 1932, a regiment which was then in the process of being Indianised.[4] He was promoted Captain 29 August 1938. He was appointed Quarter Master from 1 August 1937 to 18 April 1938 then the Adjutant of this regiment from 19 April 1938 to 5 August 1940.[5][6][7]

Appointed Staff Captain 7 August 1940.[8][9][10] From 17 December 1941 he was attached to the No. 2 Indian Armoured Corps Training Center.[11] By January 1943 he was a General Staff Officer Grade 2 on the staff of Headquarters Ceylon Army Command.[12] By July 1943 he was a local Lieut-Colonel and a General Staff Officer Grade 2 at the Staff College Quetta.[13] He was still in this role in April 1944[14] In early 1945 he was a temporary Major and second in command of the 45th Cavalry, a war raised armoured unit then serving in Burma, later posted to the 7th Light Cavalry as temporary Major and second in command.[15]

He was promoted Major 29 August 1946. He commanded the 7th Light Cavalry in Japan as part of the Occupation Forces from September to December 1946.[16]

On the independence of Pakistan in 1947 he opted to join the Pakistan Army. He was quickly promoted to Major General and on 1 January 1948 assumed the command of 10th Division.[17]

He had been nominated to become the first local Commander in Chief (C-in-C) of the Pakistan Army after General Douglas David Gracey's retirement.

However, he died in a Pakistan Airways Dakota which was flying from Lahore to Karachi when it crashed near Karachi on 13 December 1949 killing him along with Brigadier Sher Khan and 24 others before he could assume the post. He was on his way to Karachi to proceed to England for a course at the Imperial Defence College (IDC,Camberley)[18]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ January 1931 Indian Army List
  2. ^ London Gazette 30 August 1929 page 5646
  3. ^ January 1931 Indian Army List
  4. ^ April 1934 Indian Army List
  5. ^ October 1937 Indian Army List
  6. ^ July 1940 Indian Army List
  7. ^ January 1941 Indian Army List
  8. ^ War services of British and Indian officer of the Indian Army 1941
  9. ^ January 1941 Indian Army List
  10. ^ July 1941 Indian Army List
  11. ^ April 1942 Indian Army List
  12. ^ January 1943 Indian Army List
  13. ^ July 1943 Indian Army List
  14. ^ April 1944 Indian Army List
  15. ^ October 1945 Indian Army List
  16. ^ We Lead. 7th Light Cavalry 1784-1990 Edited by Lt-Col C. L. Proudfoot
  17. ^ Riza, Shaukat. The Pakistan Army 1947-49
  18. ^ Sydney Morning Herald Wednesday 14 Dec 1949

References[edit]

  • Barua, Pradeep. The Army Officer Corps and Military Modernisation in Later Colonial India
  • Sharma, Gautam. Nationalisation of the Indian Army

External links[edit]