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Municipality of Igbaras
Map of Iloilo with Igbaras highlighted
Map of Iloilo with Igbaras highlighted
Igbaras is located in Philippines
Location within the Philippines
Coordinates: 10°43′N 122°16′E / 10.72°N 122.27°E / 10.72; 122.27Coordinates: 10°43′N 122°16′E / 10.72°N 122.27°E / 10.72; 122.27
Country Philippines
RegionWestern Visayas (Region VI)
District1st district of Iloilo
Barangays46 (see Barangays)
 • TypeSangguniang Bayan
 • MayorJaime Esmeralda
 • Vice MayorJuvic Escorpion
 • Electorate18,532 voters (2016)
 • Total148.72 km2 (57.42 sq mi)
 (2015 census)[3]
 • Total32,004
 • Density220/km2 (560/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+8 (PST)
ZIP code
IDD:area code+63 (0)33
Climate typeTropical climate
Income class3rd municipal income class
Revenue (₱)90.6 million  (2016)
Native languagesKinaray-a language

Igbaras, officially the Municipality of Igbaras, is a 3rd class municipality in the province of Iloilo, Philippines. According to the 2015 census, it has a population of 32,004 people.[3]

Igbaras celebrates its town fiesta annually on May 22 in honor of Sta. Rita de Cascia. The town has many points of interest including the ruins of the church belfry, Mount Napulak, Bahi-Bahi, Nadsadjan Falls, Lagsakan Falls, Timapok Falls, Guiritsan Falls, Sampanan Falls, Bat Cave, Igcabugao Cave, Bais Cave and the Pakuyang sa Tangyan Festival. A species of Rafflesia, the world's largest flower, can also be found here.


The name Igbaras comes from a combination of two words, "ig" or "tig" which means "plenty of" or "season of", and "baras" which means "sand". Thus Igbaras means "plenty of sand" which alludes to the nearby sandy river. Igbaras is most commonly mistaken with the similar-sounding and more widely known province of Guimaras.


Igbaras is located at the south-western part of Iloilo. It is situated between the coordinates of 122.2650’ longitude, and 10.7167’ latitude. It is 40 kilometres (25 mi) from Iloilo City.


Igbaras is politically subdivided into 46 barangays. Alameda was formerly known as Bukaw.[4]

  • Alameda
  • Amorogtong
  • Anilawan
  • Bagacay
  • Bagacayan
  • Bagay
  • Balibagan
  • Barasan
  • Binanua-an
  • Boclod
  • Buenavista
  • Buga
  • Bugnay
  • Calampitao
  • Cale
  • Corucuan
  • Catiringan
  • Igcabugao
  • Igpigus
  • Igtalongon
  • Indaluyon
  • Jovellar
  • Kinagdan
  • Lab-on
  • Lacay Dol-Dol
  • Lumangan
  • Lutungan
  • Mantangon
  • Mulangan
  • Pasong
  • Passi
  • Pinaopawan
  • Barangay 1 Poblacion
  • Barangay 2 Poblacion
  • Barangay 3 Poblacion
  • Barangay 4 Poblacion
  • Barangay 5 Poblacion
  • Barangay 6 Poblacion
  • Riro-an
  • San Ambrosio
  • Santa Barbara
  • Signe
  • Tabiac
  • Talayatay
  • Taytay
  • Tigbanaba


As a result of the implementation of Spanish Governor-General Narciso Claveria's decree on giving Filipinos with Spanish surnames in 1849, inhabitants of Igbaras during that time were apportioned with surnames starting mostly with the letter E.

Igbaras was fused with Guimbal in 1902 until the American regime made it a separate town on January 1, 1919. Don Flor Evidente became the first municipal mayor.

American soldiers water tortured Igbaras leaders then burned the village to the ground during the Philippine-American War[5]

Igbaras has the distinction of having the first congressman elected to Congress in 1925-1928 in the person of Don Eugenio Ealdama, and the delegate to the 1935 Constitutional Convention, Don Mariano Ezpeleta who later served as Consul-General and ambassador to several countries.


Population census of Igbaras
YearPop.±% p.a.
1903 6,406—    
1939 14,394+2.27%
1948 15,968+1.16%
1960 17,537+0.78%
1970 19,720+1.18%
1975 21,339+1.59%
1980 22,173+0.77%
1990 25,274+1.32%
1995 25,960+0.50%
2000 27,878+1.54%
2007 29,417+0.74%
2010 31,347+2.34%
2015 32,004+0.40%
Source: Philippine Statistics Authority[3][6][7][8]

In the 2015 census, the population of Igbaras was 32,004 people,[3] with a density of 220 inhabitants per square kilometre or 570 inhabitants per square mile.

People from Igbaras speak Kinaray-a, a language associated with Antique province. However, Hiligaynon, a vernacular commonly used in Iloilo City is understood by everyone and used mostly by students or those staying in the City.



  • Igbaras National High School
  • Igtalongon National High School

Elementary and Primary:

  • Amorogtong Elementary School
  • Bagay Elementary School
  • Balibagan Primary School
  • Barasan Elementary School
  • Buga Elementary School
  • Calampitao Elementary School
  • Cale Indaluyon Elementary School
  • Catiringan Primary School
  • Igbaras Central Elementary School
  • Igcabugao Elementary School
  • Igpigus Elementary School
  • Igtalongon Elementary School
  • Jovellar Elementary School
  • Lumangan Elementary School
  • Lutungan Primary School
  • Mulangan Elementary School
  • Sta. Barbara Elementary School
  • Tabiac Elementary School
  • Tano-ong Primary School
  • Tigbanaba Elementary School

Local government[edit]

The mayor is the chief executive of the town. He is elected to serve a three-year term, with a maximum of three terms. The incumbent municipal mayor is Dr. James Esmeralda. The vice mayor is the presiding officer of the Municipal Council. He is also the chief executive of the town whenever the mayor is out of the town. He is elected to serve a three-year term, with a maximum of three terms. The incumbent vice mayor is Juvic Escorpion. The Municipal Council of Igbaras is composed of 8 members with 2 ex officio members which are the town's Association of Barangay Councils (ABC) President and Sangguniang Kabataan Federation President. The municipal councilors are elected to serve a three-year term, with a maximum of three terms.

The town officials from June 30, 2019 to June 30, 2022. They were elected last May 13, 2019 during the 2019 Philippine national and local elections.

Position Name
Municipal Mayor James Esmeralda
Municipal Vice-Mayor Juvic Escorpion
Councilors Joji Valera
Vincent Robles
Anne Karmela Eucogco
Jose Nilo Graza
Nene Escanlar
Jaylord Esteta
Edmund Esporas
Christian Jun Elarmo

List of Municipal Mayors[edit]

  • Don Flor Evidente (1919–1922)
  • Lucas Gentica (1922–1925)
  • Julian Bucoy Saavedra (1925–1931)
  • Justo Estrella (1931–1938)
  • Gerardo Escala (1938–1941)
  • Toribio Melliza (1941–1945, 1961–1964)
  • Perfecto Saavedra (1945–1955)
  • Ricardo Ealdama (1955–1961)
  • Atty. Daniel Esmeralda (1964–1977)
  • Vicente E. Perez (1977–1985)
  • Wilfredo C. Uy (1986–1992)
  • Fruto J. Saavedra (1992–2001)
  • Jaime Esmeralda, MD (2001–2010)
  • Atty. Vicente E. Escorpion Jr. (2010–2019)
  • Jaime Esmeralda, MD (2019 - present)


  1. ^ "Municipality". Quezon City, Philippines: Department of the Interior and Local Government. Retrieved 31 May 2013.
  2. ^ "Province: Iloilo". PSGC Interactive. Quezon City, Philippines: Philippine Statistics Authority. Retrieved 12 November 2016.
  3. ^ a b c d Census of Population (2015). "Region VI (Western Visayas)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. PSA. Retrieved 20 June 2016.
  4. ^ "An Act Changing the Name of the Barrio of Bukaw in the Municipality of Igbaras, Province of Iloilo, to That of Alameda". LawPH.com. Retrieved 2011-04-11.
  5. ^ Testimony of Charles S. Riley during the 1902 Lodge Committee
  6. ^ Census of Population and Housing (2010). "Region VI (Western Visayas)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. NSO. Retrieved 29 June 2016.
  7. ^ Censuses of Population (1903–2007). "Region VI (Western Visayas)". Table 1. Population Enumerated in Various Censuses by Province/Highly Urbanized City: 1903 to 2007. NSO.
  8. ^ "Province of Iloilo". Municipality Population Data. Local Water Utilities Administration Research Division. Retrieved 17 December 2016.

External links[edit]