Ignatius Jacob I
Ignatius Jacob I
|Syriac Orthodox Patriarch of Antioch and All the East|
|Church||Syriac Orthodox Church|
|Predecessor||Ignatius Yeshu I|
|Successor||Ignatius David I|
Jacob, son of the monk Maqdisi Hasan, son of the monk Abd Allah, also known as Ibn al-Muzawwiq, was born in the 15th century in the village of al-Ahmadiyya. Jacob became known as al-Khuri as both his father and grandfather were monks. Jacob himself became a monk at the Monastery of Saint Moses the Abyssinian in An-Nabk where he studied calligraphy under Musa Ubayd, metropolitan bishop of Sadad and was also ordained as a priest. Jacob's time spent as a monk at the Monastery of Saint Moses the Abyssinian in An-Nabk led Jacob to be known as Jacob of Nabk.
Later, he moved to the Monastery of Mor Hananyo and to the Monastery of Mor Abhai, near Mardin, in 1480. In 1482, Jacob visited the Monastery of the Syrians in Egypt. Five years later, he resided at the Monastery of Mor Balai for two years before returning to the Monastery of Mor Hananyo in 1489. In 1496, Jacob was ordained metropolitan of Amid and assumed the name Philoxenus. He was consecrated as Patriarch in 1512, upon which he took the name Ignatius.
Whilst residing at the Monastery of Mor Hanayo, the monastery was attacked and looted by Kurds in 1516, forcing Jacob to sell church property to help rebuild the monastery. Jacob administered the Syriac Orthodox Church until his death in 1517.
Jacob is known to have been an efficient writer and poet, whose works include a historical tract containing the chronicles of the monk of David of Homs as well as comments on festivals.
Ignatius Yeshu I
| Syriac Orthodox Patriarch of Antioch
Ignatius David I
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