Ignatius Kung Pin-Mei
Ignatius Pin-Mei Kung
Bishop of Shanghai
|Appointed||15 July 1950|
|Term ended||12 March 2000|
|Successor||Joseph Fan Zhongliang|
|Ordination||28 May 1930|
|Consecration||7 October 1949|
by Antonio Riberi
|Created cardinal||30 June 1979 (in pectore)|
28 June 1991 (revealed)
by Pope John Paul II
|Birth name||Ignatius Kung Pin-Mei|
|Born||2 August 1901|
Shanghai, Qing China
|Died||12 March 2000 (aged 98)|
Stamford, Connecticut, United States of America
|Buried||Santa Clara Mission Cemetery, Santa Clara, California|
Ordination history of
Ignatius Kung Pin-Mei
|Reference style||His Eminence|
|Spoken style||Your Eminence|
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of the Catholic Church
Ignatius Kung Pin-Mei (simplified Chinese: 龚品梅; traditional Chinese: 龔品梅; pinyin: Gōng Pǐnméi; Wade–Giles: Kung P'in-mei; 2 August 1901 – 12 March 2000) was the Catholic Bishop of Shanghai, China, from 1950 until his death in 2000. He spent 30 years in Chinese prisons for defying attempts by China's Communist government to control Catholics in the country through the government-approved Chinese Patriotic Catholic Association. At the time of his death he was the oldest member of the College of Cardinals.
On September 8, 1955, Kung, along with several hundred priests and church leaders, was arrested and imprisoned. He was sentenced five years later to life imprisonment for counter-revolutionary activities.
Kung was secretly named a Cardinal in pectore in the consistory of 1979 by Pope John Paul II. The formula in pectore is used when a pope names a cardinal without announcing it publicly in order to protect the safety of the cardinal and his congregation. After he was released in 1986, he was kept under house arrest until 1988. Kung learned he was a cardinal during a private meeting with the Pope in Vatican City in 1988, and his membership in the College of Cardinals was made public in 1991. By then, he had reached 80, so he did not have the right to participate in a conclave. Kung left China in 1988 and settled in the United States.
He died in 2000, aged 98, from stomach cancer in Stamford, Connecticut. His funeral was held at St. John the Evangelist Church (now the Basilica of Saint John the Evangelist) in Stamford with Cardinal James Francis Stafford, President of the Pontifical Council for the Laity, presiding. Kung's body was then transported to Star of the Sea Church in San Francisco, California, for a Low Mass with Cardinal Paul Shan Kuo-hsi of Taiwan presiding. A requiem Pontifical High Mass using the Tridentine Liturgy in Latin was said the following day at Five Wounds Parish in San Jose, California, with Cardinal Shan again presiding. Kung is interred next to Dominic Tang, S.J. (Archbishop of Canton, China) at Santa Clara Mission Cemetery in Santa Clara, California.
- "Obituary - Ignatius Cardinal Kung". Cardinal Kung Foundation. 2000-03-12. Retrieved 2018-01-08.
- "His Holiness John Paul II Biography". Holy See Press Office. 30 June 2005. Retrieved 28 January 2014.
- Mancini, Marco (2014-01-09). "Concistoro in arrivo... numeri e curiosità del recente passato". Korazym.org (in Italian). Retrieved 2018-01-08.
- "Highlights of the Funeral". Cardinal Kung Foundation. Retrieved 2007-06-02.
- Paul Philip Mariani. Church Militant Bishop Kung and Catholic Resistance in Communist Shanghai. (Cambridge, MA.: Harvard University Press, 2011). ISBN 9780674063174.
- Cardinal Kung Pin Mei Foundation, website
- Profile on Catholic hierarchy [self-published]
- Cardinal Wung on First Things
|Catholic Church titles|
| Bishop of Shanghai
Joseph Fan Zhongliang
| Bishop of Bishop of Suzhou
Joseph Xu Honggen
Octavio Beras Rojas
| Cardinal-Priest of San Sisto Vecchio
Ferdinando Giuseppe Antonelli
| Oldest living Member of the Sacred College
12 July 1993 – 12 March 2000