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In statistics, ignorability is a feature of an experiment design whereby the method of data collection (and the nature of missing data) do not depend on the missing data. A missing data mechanism such as a treatment assignment or survey sampling strategy is "ignorable" if the missing data matrix, which indicates which variables are observed or missing, is independent of the missing data conditional on the observed data.

This idea is part of the Rubin Causal Inference Model, developed by Donald Rubin in collaboration with Paul Rosenbaum in the early 1970s.

Pearl [2000] devised a simple graphical criterion, called back-door, that entails ignorability and identifies sets of covariates that achieve this condition.

External links[edit]

See also[edit]

Missing at random


  • Andrew Gelman, John B. Carlin, Hal S. Stern and Donald B. Rubin. Bayesian Data Analysis. Chapman & Hall/CRC: New York, 2004.
  • Judea Pearl. Causality: Models, Reasoning, and Inference. Cambridge University Press, 2000.