Igor Andreyevich Savchenko or Ihor Andriyovych Savchenko (11 October 1906 - 14 December 1950) was a screenwriter and film director, often cited as one of the great early Soviet filmmakers, alongside Sergei Eisenstein and Vsevolod Pudovkin and Aleksandr Dovzhenko. He is also known for teaching Sergei Parajanov at the Russian film school VGIK, also attended by Parajanov's best friend Mikhail Vartanov.
Life and career
Igor Andreyevich Savchenko was born on 11 October 1906 in Vinnitsa (now Ukraine). In 1926–1929, he studied at the Leningrad Institute of Performing Arts. In 1932, he performed on stage and on the Moscow tram. In 1931, he began working as a film director. In 1934, he directed one of the first Soviet musical comedies, "Harmony" (poem by A. Zharov), about the life of Komsomol village, where he played the role of a kulak's son. The theme of the Civil War in the Ukraine, the heroic past of Ukrainian and Russian peoples formed the basis of the film "Ballad of Cossack Golota" (from a story by AP Gaidar "R. VS", 1937) and the film - the legend "Riders" (in YI Janowski).
He directed the 1941 drama "Bogdan Khmelnitsky" from a script by A. Korneichuk. The film is about the struggle of the Ukrainian nation and its freedom-loving tradition. In 1946, the director returned to comedy, directing one of the first Soviet color feature films "Old vaudeville" (in vaudeville "Az and dandy" P. Fedorov ). The film emphasized the patriotism of the Russian people in the Patriotic War of 1812, and also paid tribute to a popular topic in the postwar year, ridiculing the German nation.
Events of the Great Patriotic War were covered in the films "Guerrillas in the steppes of Ukraine" (1942, based on the play A. Korneichuk and "Ivan Nikulin - Russian Sailor" (1944, based on novel by L. V. Soloviev ). His film "Third Strike" (1948) was about the impact of the Third Red Army. Its battle scenes were later criticized as yet another monument to the Stalin era.
His premature death interrupted the film "Taras Shevchenko" (1951, finished AA ALOV, V. Naumov, LA Fayzieva ). The film is about the life of Ukrainian poet Taras Shevchenko during feudal Russia 1840-1860. Since the 1960s, his films rarely appear on TV or are not shown at all.
In 1946, he headed a workshop at the Institute of Cinematography. Among his students: A. Alov A., B. Naumov, G. S. Gabay, L. Faiziev, F. E. Mironer, Y. N. Ozerov, S. I. Parajanov, M. Hutsiev M., A. Korenev A., A. Zakrevskii, Lev Ivanov, LS Danilov.
Savchenko died on 14 December 1950 and was buried in Moscow at the Novodevichy Cemetery (plot number 4).