|Full name||Igor Arkadyevich Zaitsev|
27 May 1938|
Ramenskoye, Moscow Oblast, Russian SFSR, Soviet Union
|Peak rating||2520 (July 1971)|
Early life and family
Zaitsev was born in Ramenskoye, a town outside Moscow. His Armenian father, Arkady Gevorgovich Aghaian, was a deputy commander of a warship; his mother, Anna Fyodorovna Zaitseva, was a worker at the Red Banner Textile Factory.
In 1969, Zaitsev attained the title of Moscow Champion by defeating Yakov Estrin using the Giuoco Piano opening. The next year, Zaitsev was given the title of International Master and in 1976 he became a Grandmaster.
Contribution to theory
|This section uses algebraic notation to describe chess moves.|
Zaitsev is best known for his contribution to opening theory. His variation of the Ruy Lopez opening (known as the Flohr–Zaitsev Variation, jointly named for Grandmaster Salo Flohr) follows one of the main lines of the Ruy Lopez and remains in wide use today. In the Flohr–Zaitsev Variation, Black plays 9...Bb7 after the moves: 1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.Bb5 a6 4.Ba4 Nf6 5.0-0 Be7 6.Re1 b5 7.Bb3 d6 8.c3 0-0 9.h3. The move fianchettoes the light-squared bishop, putting pressure on White's pawn on e4.
Zaitsev became one of the trainers of World Champion Anatoly Karpov in the late 1970s, following the death of Karpov's coach Semyon Furman in March, 1978. Zaitsev was one of Karpov's seconds in a number of his World Championship matches, including the matches against Garry Kasparov in 1984 to 1990.
Karpov popularized Zaitsev's line at the top level, playing it with success for many years.
- Igor Arkadievich Zaitsev vs Anatoli Karpov, Leningrad 1966, Russian Game, Center Variation (C43), ½–½
- Yakov Estrin vs Igor Arkadievich Zaitsev, Moscow 1969, Italian Game: Two Knights Defense, Traxler Counterattack (C57), 0–1
- Igor Arkadievich Zaitsev vs Oleg Dementiev, USSR Championship 1970, Sicilian Defense: Najdorf Variation (B90), 1–0
- Apartsev vs Igor Arkadievich Zaitsev, Moscow 1963, Italian Game: Two Knights Defense. Traxler Counterattack (C57), 0–1
- "My father was Arkady Aghaian", Chess in Armenia, 52 (891), 2009, p. 4 (in Armenian)
- Hooper, David; Whyld, Kenneth (1992). "Zaitsev Variation". The Oxford Companion to Chess (2 ed.). Oxford University Press. p. 456. ISBN 0-19-280049-3.
- Mark Weeks. "World Championships 1984". Retrieved 1 November 2009.
- Mark Weeks. "World Championships 1990". Retrieved 1 November 2009.
- chessgames.com. "Karpov's Zaitsev games". Retrieved 1 November 2009.
- "FIDE Senior Trainers". Retrieved 1 November 2009.