|Directed by||Monte Hellman|
|Produced by||Franco Di Nunzio|
|Written by||Steven Gaydos
David M. Zehr
by Alberto Vázquez-Figueroa
|Music by||Franco Campanino|
|Cinematography||Josep M. Civit|
Arco Films / Iguana Enterprises
|Distributed by||Anchor Bay Entertainment (2001) (USA)(DVD)
Japan Audio Visual Network (1989) (Japan)(VHS)
Iguana is a 1988 international film directed by Monte Hellman and starring Everett McGill in the main role. The movie is based on the titular novel by Spanish author Alberto Vázquez-Figueroa, itself based on the life of a real Irish sailor called Patrick Watkins. The movie was mainly shot on location in Lanzarote. Monte Hellman won Bastone Bianco Award (Special Mention) for this movie on the Venice Film Festival in 1988. Iguana premiered in theaters on April 1, 1988, and was released on DVD on January 30, 2001 via Anchor Bay Entertainment. The movie ends with the titles "For Warren" as Hellman dedicated the film to his friend Warren Oates who died in 1982.
The film takes place at the beginning of the XIX century. Oberlus (Everett McGill), a harpooner on a whaling ship, is regularly subjected to ridicule and abuse by other sailors. The right half of his face is bizarrely disfigured and covered with hummocky outgrowths, because of which Oberlus was nicknamed Iguana. One night, after another brutal beating, Oberlus escapes from the ship to the deserted and uninhabited Hood Island. However, he is discovered next morning by a team led by captain Gamboa (Fabio Testi). Gamboa brutally tortures Oberlus and ties him up for further punishment, but, at night, Iguana manages to escape, hiding in a cave. Next day, the ship leaves the island, and Gamboa orders that sailor Sebastian (Michael Madsen) be tied to a post on the coast as a punishment for letting Iguana escape. Later, Oberlus finds Sebastian and proclaims himself "King of Hood Island", and Sebastian his first slave, making him to cook food.
Declaring revenge on the world, Oberlus soon enslaves two other sailors thrown ashore after the shipwreck. He keeps all his captives in a cave with a disguised entrance. After some time, a ship is moored near the island, and a beautiful Carmen (Maru Valdivieso) and her fiancé Diego (Fernando De Huang) board the boat. Oberlus takes them prisoners and sinks the vessel. He then kills Diego and declares Carmen his concubine. The captain of the ship, assuming Carmen and Diego to have died in the storm, does not look for them, but sails away.
One day, Oberlus notices the arrival of his former whaling ship. At night, he climbs on board, kills two sailors on the deck, takes Gamboa prisoner, and sets the ship alight, having previously locked the hull[clarification needed]. Gamboa fights Oberlus, but is killed by him.
Resigned to her fate, Carmen tells Oberlus that she is pregnant with his child. A few months later, the captain of the ship, who had previously not searched for Carmen and Diego, returns with a group of armed sailors. They begin their search, and Oberlus has to flee to the other end of the island with pregnant Carmen and the surviving prisoners. Oberlus plans to sail away with Carmen on the boat. Carmen gives birth, but Oberlus takes the child, claiming that he will allow him to suffer.[clarification needed] With the child in his arms, he goes into the sea, intending to drown himself.
- Everett McGill as Iguana Oberlus
- Fabio Testi as Gamboa
- Michael Madsen as Sebastián
- Roger Kendall as Roger
- Robert Case as One Eyed Sailor
- Maru Valdivielso as Carmen (credited as Maru Valdivieso)
- Fernando De Huang as Diego
- Fernando Cebrián as Ibarra
- Joseph Culp as Dominic
Patrick Watkins, also known as Oberlus, was a real Irish sailor who, in 1807, spent two years in one of the islands of the Galapagos archipelago during which he captured and enslaved other sailors. In the literature, the life of Oberlus was initially described in sufficient detail in The Encantadas by the American writer Herman Melville. An essay on the tyrant-hermit Oberlus inspired the Spanish writer Alberto Vázquez-Figueroa to write the novel "La iguana". In the novel, there appears Carmen, whom Oberlus keeps locked up, raping and making her bear his child. Vázquez-Figueroa initially discussed a potential adaptation with Italian film producer Franco di Nunzio, who sent him to Monte Hellman. The original script consisted of numerous long monologues, as it was arranged in the form of Carmen's letters to his mother. This option did not suit Monte Hellman, and he agreed to become a director only if the script was completely rewritten.
Most of the material was filmed in Lanzarote, one of the Canary Islands. It was chosen because of its vast tracts of land covered with basalt and volcanic ash, which are similar to the Hood Island, where the action of the film takes place. All cave scenes were filmed in Rome.
According to the memoirs of Monte Hellman, Franco di Nunzio's extreme meanness caused the film's shooting period to extend from six to nine weeks, due to constant delays in the delivery of props and equipment; the first three weeks of shooting had to go without lighting equipment.
Because of legal difficulties associated with the joint production of the film, Franco Campanino was credited as a composer. In fact, the authorship belongs to Joni Mitchell, Amaya Merino, and Joseph Culp.
The film premiered in 1988 at the Venice Film Festival, where director Monte Hellman received a special film critics prize "Bastone Bianco Award". Later, Franco di Nunzio insisted that the film be shortened by eight minutes. Monte Hellman wrote in his memoirs that "the producer became obsessed with the idea that the movie should be no longer than 90 minutes. He didn't speak English, and never understood a word of the film. He made cuts that destroyed the rhythm and logic of the film, and made it incomprehensible, as well as seemingly longer.
As a result, none of the versions appeared in the wide release; for a long time the producer refused to sell the film as he was not satisfied with the price offered by distributors. In the US, the film was available only on VHS until 2001 when Anchor Bay Entertainment released the 98-minute version on DVD with a two-minute fragment being omitted, namely, the scene in which Diego wakes up and disappears in the dark corner of the cave. Raro Video released the full 100-minute version on Blu-ray in 2014.
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- "Iguana (1989); Directed by Monte Hellman". allmovie.com. Retrieved 2015-09-04.
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