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Ihor Shvaika

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Ihor Shvaika
Ігор Швайка
Minister of Agrarian Policy and Food of Ukraine
In office
27 February 2014 – 12 November 2014
Prime MinisterArseniy Yatsenyuk
Preceded byMykola Prysyazhnyuk
Succeeded byOleksiy Pavlenko
Personal details
Born (1976-02-25) 25 February 1976 (age 48)
Troyitskoye, Kalmykia
Political partyAll-Ukrainian Union "Freedom"
Alma materNational University "Yaroslav the Wise Law Academy of Ukraine"

Ihor Oleksandrovych Shvaika (born 25 February 1976) is a right-wing Ukrainian politician and a former Minister of Agrarian Policy and Food of Ukraine.[1] Shvaika was elected to the 7th Ukrainian Verkhovna Rada during the 2012 parliamentary election as a member of the All-Ukrainian Union "Freedom" party.[2]


Born in the Russian Republic of Kalmykia east of Ukraine where he spent the first 2 years of his life, Shvaika grew up in the city of Lutuhyne, Luhansk Oblast after 1978. He graduated from school with honors and entered the National University “Yaroslav the Wise Law Academy of Ukraine” in Kharkiv to study law. During this time he already worked as a legal adviser to a number of private companies. He graduated with a law degree in 1998, and then joined a private law firm called "Terra" as "Deputy Director of Legal Affairs". During the following year he headed the law firm "Ilyashev and partners" and in 2000 he started his own law firm called "Zeus".


In 2007 he became member (Shvaika IV) of the right wing All-Ukrainian Union "Freedom"; by February 2008 he led the Kharkiv regional chapter. In October 2010 he ran as a candidate for Mayor of Kharkiv, receiving 0.84% of the vote. During the parliamentary elections of Ukraine on 28 October 2012, he was elected to Parliament for "Freedom", which ranked at number eight. He became Deputy Chairman of the 17-member Committee on Rules, Ethics and Support to Work of the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine.[3]

In the Yatsenyuk Government that came to power on 27 February 2014, Shvaika was Minister of Agrarian Policy and Food of Ukraine.[4]

In the October 2014 parliamentary election Shvaika was 11th on the election list of his party; since the party came 0,29% short to overcome the 5% threshold to win seats on the nationwide list he was not re-elected into parliament.[5][6]

On 12 November 2014 he and his fellow two Svoboda ministers in the Yatsenyuk Government resigned (they became acting ministers till a new Government was formed).[7]

Since September 2015 Shvaika is a suspect in the investigate of clashes outside the Verkhovna Rada on 31 August 2015.[8] During these clashes between Ukrainian nationalists and security forces a member of the National Guard of Ukraine died after being hit with shrapnel, apparently from a hand grenade.[9] Shvaika has been imprisoned and bailed out multiple times since.[8]

In a 2019 Ukrainian parliamentary election by-election on 15 March 2020 Shvaika (for Freedom) failed to win a parliamentary seat in electoral district 179 located in Kharkiv Oblast because he gained only 2.19% or 853 of the votes.[10]

Private life[edit]

He has been married three times, and has one daughter and one son.[citation needed]


  1. ^ Назначен Премьер-министр Украины и состав Правительства (Appointed Prime Minister and members of Cabinet) (in Russian)
  2. ^ Profile (in Ukrainian)
  3. ^ "Committees of the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine of VII convocation". The Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine 1994–2013. 2013. Archived from the original on 28 March 2014. Retrieved 11 March 2014.
  4. ^ Maidan nominates Yatseniuk for prime minister, Interfax-Ukraine (26 February 2014)
    Ukrainian parliament endorses new cabinet, Interfax-Ukraine (27 February 2014)
  5. ^ Poroshenko Bloc to have greatest number of seats in parliament Archived 10 November 2014 at the Wayback Machine, Ukrainian Television and Radio (8 November 2014)
    People's Front 0.33% ahead of Poroshenko Bloc with all ballots counted in Ukraine elections - CEC Archived 12 November 2014 at the Wayback Machine, Interfax-Ukraine (8 November 2014)
    Poroshenko Bloc to get 132 seats in parliament - CEC, Interfax-Ukraine (8 November 2014)
  6. ^ (in Ukrainian) Party list All-Ukrainian Union "Freedom", Ukrayinska Pravda (3 October 2014)
  7. ^ Svoboda party members in Ukrainian government resign – Deputy Premier Sych, Interfax-Ukraine (12 November 2014)
  8. ^ a b Court retains measure of restraint for ex-minister Shvaika with possible release on bail, Interfax-Ukraine (13 January 2016)
  9. ^ Ukrainian National Guardsman Killed At Protest Outside Parliament, Radio Free Europe (31 August 2015)
  10. ^ "Вибори на 179 окрузі: попередньо Світлична перемагає". 17 March 2020.

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