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|First Vice Prime Minister of Ukraine|
October 1992 – March 1993
|Prime Minister||Leonid Kuchma|
|Preceded by||Valentyn Symonenko|
|Succeeded by||Yukhym Zvyahilsky|
|Born||September 1, 1925|
Kniahynyny, Dubno powiat,
|Political party||People's Movement of Ukraine|
|Alma mater||Lviv University|
|Occupation||Physicist, politician, writer|
Ihor Yukhnovskyi (Ukrainian: Iгор Рафаïлович Юхновський; also Yukhnovsky; born 1925) is a Ukrainian physicist and politician, and a member of the Presidium of Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, Hero of Ukraine.
Life before politics
Yukhnovskyi was born September 1, 1925 in Kniahynyny village, Dubno powiat, Wołyń Voivodeship (Poland). In 1944-45 participated in World War II on a side of Soviet Army. In 1951 he became the head of Theoretical Physics Department at Lviv University. In 1969 Yukhnovskyi, at that time Doctor of Physics and Mathematics led the newly organized Department of Statistical Theory of Condensed Matter. in 1980 the department was reorganized into the Lviv division of statistical physics for the Institute for Theoretical Physics, and then in 1990 into the Institute of Condensed Matter Physics of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine.
On March 30, 1990 Yukhnovskyi was elected with 59.07% votes (out of 6 candidates) as a member of parliament of Ukrainian SSR from an election district in the city of Lviv. On May 15, 1990 he became the leader of the first ever opposition party in the Ukrainian SSR parliament named "Narodna Rada" (People’s Council).
During the 24 August 1991 parliamentary debate precede the Declaration of Independence of Ukraine Yukhnovskyi was the MP who first called on parliament to immediately declare Ukraine as an independent democratic state.
In the first presidential elections in Ukraine Yukhnovskyi was supported by 554,719 voters (1.74%) and took 5th place out of 6 candidates. In 1992 he was appointed as the first vice Prime Minister of Ukraine.
In the 1994 parliamentary elections Yukhnovskyi was elected to the parliament in the same electoral district as in 1990, the city of Lviv, with 60.41% of support. In the 1998 parliamentary elections he was elected as #15 in the People's Movement of Ukraine (Rukh) party list. In the 2002 parliamentary elections he was again elected as #68 now in the Our Ukraine party list.
Yukhnovsky is an author of over 400 scientific papers, five books and a textbook "Osnovy kvantovoyi mekhaniky" (Fundamentals of Quantum Mechanics). As a member of the parliament he actively participated in passing of over 100 bills. He was one of the authors of the Act of Declaration of Independence of Ukraine.
- Order of Liberty (Ukraine, 2016)
- "Member of Parliament: Ihor Yukhnovskyi". Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine. August 21, 2006. Retrieved 2011-02-15.[permanent dead link]
- "PRESIDENT YUSHCHENKO APPOINTS YUKHNOVSKYI DIRECTOR OF UKRAINE'S INSTITUTE OF NATIONAL REMEMBRANCE". US-Ukraine Business Council, republishing from the Ukrainian News Agency. May 22, 2006. Retrieved 2011-02-15.
- A reform that ruined the Soviet Union, The Ukrainian Week (10 November 2018)
- Булгак, Павло (4 December 2006). Ігор Юхновський: "Леонід Кучма був мирним і гостинним чоловіком" [Igor Yukhnovsky: "Leonid Kuchma was peaceful and hospitable man"] (in Ukrainian). ХайВей. Retrieved 2011-02-15. Translate this article from Ukrainian to English