Ijesha

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{{Infobox ethnic group |group = Ìjèshà |pop = ~ 738,910 |popplace = Ìjẹ̀ṣà land Osun State - 738,910 (2011)
 · Ilea West: 123,710
 · Ilesa East: 125,340
 · Atakumosa East: 89,3100
 · Aatakumosa West: 89,210,
 · Oriade: 174,210
 · Obokun: 137,130

The Ìjẹ̀ṣà in Ìlẹ̀-Ìfẹ̀ orthography, are a sub-ethnicity of the [Ìfẹ̀ people] of West Africa. Ilesa is the largest city and historic cultural capital of the Ìjẹ̀ṣà people; is home of The Owa Obokun Adimula of Ìjẹ̀ṣà land. The current reigning Owa Obokun is Oba Dr. Gabriel Adekunle Aromolaran II.

Geography[edit]

Ijeshaland is located at latitude 8.92°N and Longitude 3.42°E. It lies in a forested region at the heart of the Yoruba country west of the Effon ridge which separate the Ijeshas from the Ekitis to their east, and at the intersection of roads from Ile-Ife, Oshogbo, Ado Ekiti and Akure. The Ijesa cultural area presently covers six local government councils within Osun stae of Nigeria.

The Ijesha territory is adjoined by the Ekiti on the east, the Igbomina to the north, the Ife to the south, and the Oyo and Ibolo to the west.

The nationally famous Olumirin waterfalls, more popularly known as Erin-Ijesha Waterfalls is located in Ijeshaland.

History[edit]

The Ijesha may have lost some territory to their neighbours during various conflicts and wars of the nineteenth and preceding centuries. The people of Oke-Ako, Irele, Omuo-Oke are said tospeak a dialect similar to Ijesha.

The Ilesha (Ijesha) Monarchs[edit]

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The state of Ilesa (Ile ti a sa which means a homeland we chose), Traditional Headquarters of Ijesaland and the capital of the first Local Council in Nigeria (Ijesa/Ekiti Parapo Council) named by the British Colonial Administrator on 21 June 1900 comprising the present day Ondo and Ekiti States of Nigeria. Founded in c.1350 by Owaluse, a grandson of Ajibogun Ajaka (Ubiquitous Warrior) Owa Obokun Onida Arara, one of the most accomplished sons of Oduduwa, the progenitor of the Yoruba race of South-Western Nigeria and Benin Republic. The city described by Rev. Williams Howard Clark in 1854 as: For its cleanliness, regularity in breadth and width, and the straightness of its streets, the ancient city of Ilesa far surpasses any native town I have seen in black Africa.

Rulers of the Kingdom have been as follows:

Rulers title (Owa Obokun Adimula)
Owa Ajibogun -
Owa Owaka Okile
Owa Obarabara Olokun Eshin
Owa Owari 1466 - 1522
Owa Owaluse 1522 - 1526
Owa Atakunmosa 1526 - 1546
Yeyelagagba 1588 - 1590
Yeyegunrogbo 1588 - 1590
Owa Biladu I 1652 - 1653
Owa Biladu II 1653 - 1681
Yeyewaji 1681 -
Owa Bilaro 1681 - 1690
Owa Bilayiarere 1691 - 1692
Owa Bilagbayo 1713 - 1733
Yeyeori 1734 - 1749
Ori Abejoye 17.. - ...
Owa Bilajagodo "Arijelesin" ... - ...
Owa Bilatutu "Otutu bi Osin" 1772 - 1776
Owa Bilasa "Asa abodofunfun" 1776 - 1788
Owa Akesan 1788 - 1795
Owa Bilajara 1... - 1807
Ogbagba 1807–1813
Obara "Bilajila" 1813–1828
Owa Odundun 1828–1833
Gbegbaaje 1833–1839
Ariyasunle (1st time) -Regent 1839
Owa Ofokutu 1839–1853
Ariyasunle (2nd time) -Regent 1853
Owa Aponlose 1858 –1867
Owa Alobe 1867–1868
Owa Agunlejika I 1868 - 1869
1871 Vacant 4 Jun 1870 -
Owa Oweweniye(1st time) 1871–1873
Vacant 1873
Oweweniye (2nd time) 1873–1875
Owa Adimula Agunloye-bi-Oyinbo "Bepolonun 1875 - 1893
Owa Alowolodu Mar 1893 - Nov 1894
Vacant Nov 1894 - Apr 1896
Owa Ajimoko I Apr 1896 - Sep 1901
Owa Ataiyero [Atayero] 1901–1920
Owa Aromolaran 1920–1942
Ajimoko "Haastrup" -Regent 1942 - 10 Sep 1942
Ajimoko II "Fidipote" 10 Sep 1942 - 18 Oct 1956
J. E. Awodiya -Regent 18 Oct 1956 - 1957
Owa Biladu III "Fiwajoye" 1957 - Jul 1963
.Ogunmokun... -Regent Jul 1963 - 1966
Owa Agunlejika II 1966–1981
Owa Gabriel Adekunle Aromolaran II 1982 - ?

Notable People[edit]

References[edit]