|Birth name||Ike Abrams Quebec|
|Born||August 17, 1918|
Newark, New Jersey, United States
|Died||January 16, 1963 (aged 44)|
New York City, New York, United States
|Genres||Swing, hard bop, soul jazz|
|Instruments||Tenor saxophone, piano|
|Associated acts||Cab Calloway|
Ike Abrams Quebec (August 17, 1918 – January 16, 1963) was an American jazz tenor saxophonist. He began his career in the big band era of the 1940s, then fell from prominence for a time until launching a comeback in the years before his death.
Critic Alex Henderson wrote, "Though he was never an innovator, Quebec had a big, breathy sound that was distinctive and easily recognizable, and he was quite consistent when it came to down-home blues, sexy ballads, and up-tempo aggression."
Quebec was born in Newark, New Jersey, United States. An accomplished dancer and pianist, he switched to tenor sax as his primary instrument in his early twenties, and quickly earned a reputation as a promising player. His recording career started in 1940, with the Barons of Rhythm.
Later on, he recorded or performed with Frankie Newton, Hot Lips Page, Roy Eldridge, Trummy Young, Ella Fitzgerald, Benny Carter and Coleman Hawkins. Between 1944 and 1951, he worked intermittently with Cab Calloway. He began to record for the Blue Note label in this era, and served as a talent scout (helping pianists Thelonious Monk and Bud Powell come to wider attention). Due to his exceptional sight reading skills, Quebec was also an uncredited impromptu arranger for many Blue Note sessions.
Due in part to struggles with heroin addiction (but also due to the fading popularity of the big bands), Quebec recorded only sporadically during the 1950s, though he still performed regularly. He kept abreast of new developments in jazz, and his later playing incorporated elements of hard bop, bossa nova, and soul jazz.
In 1959, he began what amounted to a comeback with a series of albums on the Blue Note label. Blue Note executive Alfred Lion was always fond of Quebec's music, but was unsure how audiences would respond to the saxophonist after a decade of low visibility. In the mid-to-late 1950s, Blue Note issued a series of Quebec singles for the juke box market; audiences responded well, leading to a number of warmly-received albums. Quebec occasionally recorded on piano, as on his 1961 Blue & Sentimental album, where he alternated between tenor and piano, playing the latter behind Grant Green's guitar solos.
Quebec's cousin Danny Quebec West was an alto saxophonist who, at the age of 17, recorded with Thelonious Monk on his first session for Blue Note in 1947.
- From Hackensack to Englewood Cliffs (Blue Note, 1959 [rel. 2000])
- The Complete Blue Note 45 Sessions (Blue Note, 1959–1962 [rel. 2005]) 2-CD set; originally released on Mosaic Records in 1988; also contains 8 of the 10 tracks on From Hackensack to Englewood Cliffs.
- Heavy Soul (Blue Note 84093, 1961 [rel. 1962])
- It Might as Well Be Spring (Blue Note 84105, 1961 [rel. 1964])
- Blue & Sentimental (Blue Note 84098, 1961 [rel. 1963])
- Easy Living (Blue Note 84103 (LP), 1962; 46846 (CD), 1987) the CD issue contains all 5 "sextet" tracks that were first released on Congo Lament.
- Soul Samba (Blue Note 84114, 1962 [rel. 1963])
- With a Song in My Heart (Blue Note LT-1052 (LP), 1962 [rel. 1980]) collects 9 tracks that later appeared on The Complete Blue Note 45 Sessions.
- Congo Lament (Blue Note LT-1089 (LP), 1962 [rel. 1981]) sextet recordings with Bennie Green, Stanley Turrentine.
- The Art of Ike Quebec (Blue Note 99178 (CD), 1992) compilation
with Sonny Clark
- Leapin' and Lopin' (Blue Note, 1961) - on one track only
with Grant Green
- Born to Be Blue (Blue Note, 1962 [rel. 1985])
- The Latin Bit (Blue Note, 1962) - on two CD bonus tracks
with Dodo Greene
- My Hour of Need (Blue Note, 1962 [rel. 1963])
With Jimmy Smith
- Colin Larkin, ed. (1997). The Virgin Encyclopedia of Popular Music (Concise ed.). Virgin Books. p. 986. ISBN 1-85227-745-9.
- "Ike Quebec | Biography & History". AllMusic. Retrieved October 3, 2019.
- "Tom Archia Discography". Campber.people.clemson.edu. Retrieved October 3, 2019.
- Kelley, Robin D. G. (2010). Thelonious Monk: the Life and Times of an American Original. London: JR Books. p. 126. ISBN 978-1439190463.