Ikhshidid dynasty

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Akşitler
الإخشيديون (al-Ikhshīdīyūn)
Vassal of the Abbasid caliphate

935–969
Ikhshidid Dynasty 965-969
Capital Fustat(Cairo)
Languages Arabic (predominant), Turkic (army)
Religion Islam (predominant), Coptic Christians
Government Emirate
President
 •  935–946 Muhammad ibn Tughj al-Ikhshid
 •  946–961 Abu'l-Qasim Unujur ibn al-Ikhshid
 •  961–966 Abu'l-Hasan Ali ibn al-Ikhshid
 •  966–968 Abu'l-Misk Kafur
 •  968–969 Abu'l-Fawaris Ahmad ibn Ali ibn al-Ikhshid
History
 •  Established 935
 •  Disestablished 969
Area 2,000,000 km² (772,204 sq mi)
Currency Dinar
History of the Turkic peoples
History of the Turkic peoples
Pre-14th century
Turkic Khaganate 552–744
  Western Turkic
  Eastern Turkic
Khazar Khaganate 618–1048
Xueyantuo 628–646
Great Bulgaria 632–668
  Danube Bulgaria
  Volga Bulgaria
Kangar union 659–750
Turgesh Khaganate 699–766
Uyghur Khaganate 744–840
Karluk Yabgu State 756–940
Kara-Khanid Khanate 840–1212
  Western Kara-Khanid
  Eastern Kara-Khanid
Gansu Uyghur Kingdom 848–1036
Kingdom of Qocho 856–1335
Pecheneg Khanates
860–1091
Kimek Khanate
743–1035
Cumania
1067–1239
Oghuz Yabgu State
750–1055
Ghaznavid Empire 963–1186
Seljuk Empire 1037–1194
  Seljuk Sultanate of Rum
Khwarazmian Empire 1077–1231
Delhi Sultanate 1206–1526
  Mamluk dynasty
  Khilji dynasty
  Tughlaq dynasty
Golden Horde | [1][2][3] 1240s–1502
Mamluk Sultanate (Cairo) 1250–1517
  Bahri dynasty
  Ottoman Empire 1299-1923

The Ikhshidid dynasty (Turkish: Akşitler, Arabic: الإخشيديون‎‎) Egypt ruled from 935 to 969. Muhammad ibn Tughj al-Ikhshid, a Turkic[4][5][6] slave soldier, was appointed governor by the Abbasid Caliph.[7] The dynasty carried the Arabic title "Wāli" reflecting their position as governors on behalf of the Abbasids. The Ikhshidids came to an end when the Fatimid army conquered Fustat in 969.[8]

Walis of Egypt and Syria under the Ikhshidid Dynasty[edit]

935 - 946 Muhammad ibn Tughj al-Ikhshid (محمد بن طغج الإخشيد)

946 - 961 Abu'l-Qasim Unujur ibn al-Ikhshid (أبو القاسم أنوجور بن الإخشيد)

961 - 966 Abu'l-Hasan Ali ibn al-Ikhshid (أبو الحسن علي بن الإخشيد)

966 - 968 Abu'l-Misk Kafur (أبو المسك كافور)

968 - 969 Abu'l-Fawaris Ahmad ibn Ali ibn al-Ikhshid (أبو الفوارس أحمد بن علي بن الإخشيد)

Fatimid general Jawhar al-Siqilli conquers Egypt. Al-Hasan ibn Ubayd Allah holds out in Syria until 970.

Coinage[edit]

Only gold coins are common, with coppers being extremely rare. Dinars were mainly struck at Misr (Fustat) and Filastin (al-Ramla), and dirhams were usually struck at Filastin, and less often at Tabariya, Dimashq, and Hims. Other mints for dirhams are quite rare. Dinars from Misr are often well struck, while the Filastin dinars are more crude. Dirhams are usually crudely struck and often are illegible on half of the coin.[9]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Marshall Cavendish Corporation (2006). Peoples of Western Asia. p. 364. 
  2. ^ Bosworth, Clifford Edmund (2007). Historic Cities of the Islamic World. p. 280. 
  3. ^ Borrero, Mauricio (2009). Russia: A Reference Guide from the Renaissance to the Present. p. 162. 
  4. ^ Abulafia, David (2011). The Mediterranean in History. p. 170. 
  5. ^ Haag, Michael (2012). The Tragedy of the Templars: The Rise and Fall of the Crusader States. 
  6. ^ Bacharach, Jere L. (2006). Medieval Islamic Civilization: A-K, index. p. 382. 
  7. ^ C.E. Bosworth, The New Islamic Dynasties, (Columbia University Press, 1996), 62.
  8. ^ The Fatimid Revolution (861-973) and its aftermath in North Africa, Michael Brett, The Cambridge History of Africa, Vol. 2 ed. J. D. Fage, Roland Anthony Oliver, (Cambridge University Press, 2002), 622.
  9. ^ Album, Stephen. A Checklist of Islamic Coins, Second Edition, January 1998, Santa Rosa, CA

External links[edit]