|Genres||Soft rock, pop rock, J-Pop|
|Labels||Thunder Snake (2003)
Cubit Club (2004 - 2005)
Epic (2006 - )
Ikimono-gakari (いきものがかり also "Ikimonogakari"?) is a Japanese pop rock band from Kanagawa Prefecture, Japan. The group started in February 1999 with Hotaka Yamashita and Yoshiki Mizuno, and was joined by vocalist Kiyoe Yoshioka in November of the same year. The group's name is a reference to ikimono-gakari (生き物係?), a group of children who are responsible for looking after plants and animals in Japanese elementary schools.
In 2006, the group released its first single on Sony Music Entertainment Japan's Epic Records label. Several of their albums have reached number one on the Oricon weekly rankings, and their songs have been featured on various media: from TV commercials, anime shows such as Naruto Shippuuden, Japanese TV Dramas such as Women Won't Allow This (「女はそれを許さない」 , "Onna wa Sore o Yurusanai"?), live action movies such as Time Traveler: The Girl Who Leapt Through Time (2010) (『映画：時をかける少女』 （2010年） , "Eiga: Toki o Kakeru Shōjo (2010)"?), the 2012 Olympic broadcast theme song for NHK, and the set piece for a national junior high music competition.
Mizuno has the most number of composed songs among them, while Yamashita ranks second. Yoshioka has contributed lyrics to a few songs, but Namida ga Kieru Nara is the only song on which the three of them have collaborated.
Formation and trials
In 1989, Mizuno and Yamashita met by chance while they were in the first grade; they were both put in charge of being Ikimono-gakari (生き物係?), who are caretakers of the school's plants and animals. Yamashita later noted that he really wanted to be a "blackboard monitor". Yamashita and Mizuno formed their band on February 1, 1999, and began performing live on the street; not taking it too seriously, they named it "ikimono-gakari" after their shared experience in first grade. At first, they did covers of Masayoshi Yamazaki. In November 3, 1999, Yoshioka joined the band. In those days, Mizuno and Yamashita planned to make a group with a female lead vocalist, which would be an unusual sound for the street performances they were doing. Yoshioka was the younger sister of one of their classmates; she entered as the main singer and the band took on its present-day form. As they were then performing with three members, the band did a cover of Yuzu's single, "Natsuiro" (夏色 "The Colors of Summer"?).
In September 2000, they suspended the band to focus on college entrance examinations for Yamashita and Mizuno. By March 2003, Yoshioka recovered from a slump where she had almost thought of not singing anymore; she saw this as a second chance to grow as a person. Again, the band re-formed, but then, they were performing with the intent of supporting their increasing fame. As their style of music was moving more towards an acoustic focus, they planned to expand their scope to cover not only street performances but live house concerts as well. Moreover, they made a greater effort to compose more original music and rely less on covers.
Rise to fame
In April 2003, the band resumed playing with a street show in front of the Hon-Atsugi Station on the Odakyū Odawara Line. In June, they did a one-band show at the Thunder Snake Atsugi live venue for the first time. A person who happened to be attending this performance ended up becoming their manager; this became the impetus for them to launch a major road tour. On August 25, they released their first indie album, Makoto ni Senetsu Nagara First Album wo Koshirae Mashita.... On March 26, 2005, the band held a show in the small hall at the Atsugi City Culture Building (Atsugishi Bunka Kaikan); this was the first time the band had ever done a single-band show in a hall.
On March 15, 2006, the band released their first single, SAKURA, produced by Masanori Shimada. This was their major label debut with Epic Records Japan of Sony. Their second single "Hanabi" was released on May 31, 2006, earning the band their first appearance on the Oricon top 10 chart with a number 5 debut. Between November 10 and November 30, they held their first live tour, called "Ikimonogakari no Minna-san, Konni-Tour! 2006". They released their first full-length studio album on March 7, 2007, entitled Sakura Saku Machi Monogatari, debuting at number 4 on the Oricon weekly album charts. Between May 24 to June 14, they went on a live tour to support this album. Their second major studio album, Life Album, came out on February 13, 2008, debuting at number 2 on the Oricon weekly album charts. This album's live tour was from March 30 to May 23. On July 7, they came out with their tenth single, "Bluebird", which also became an opening song for the Naruto anime, and the group's first to crack the Top 3 in Oricon Singles. On December 24, they released their third studio album, My Song Your Song. This album topped the Oricon weekly charts, becoming their first work to achieve a first ranking on any chart. On December 31, they debuted in the 59th NHK Kōhaku Uta Gassen festival.
On March 4, 2009, their first-ever collection of video works, "Tottemo Ēzō", was released. That year, Mizuno was put in charge of writing the song "Yell" as the set piece for the junior high division of the 76th annual NHK Nationwide School Music Contest. Their 15th single "Yell / Joyful" came out September 23, taking the No. 1 single spot for the Oricon daily charts and the number 2 spot for the weekly chart, the highest rankings so far for any of their singles. The band won one of the Gold Artist awards at the 2009 Best Hit Song Festival (November 26), their first time winning one of the show's prizes. They followed that up with their fourth studio album Hajimari no Uta, released on December 23, and debuting as the number 1 album on the Oricon weekly charts. On New Year's Eve, the band appeared again in the 60th NHK Kōhaku Uta Gassen festival. On June 9, 2012, Japanese television network NHK announced that the theme song for its Olympic broadcasts would be performed by Ikimonogakari. The song is titled "Kaze ga fuiteiru" (Wind is blowing). The three members wrote the song and said its lyrics will hopefully encourage Japan’s athletes like a strong wind. During the Olympics, the band made live appearances in Great Britain on NHK. On March 15, 2016, the day of their 10th anniversary, they released a new album, "Cho-Ikimonogakari~Temnenkinen Members' Best Selection~" and got the number one in music chart.
On January 5, 2017, Ikimonogakari ended its group activities, referring to it as its "grazing period". 
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Ikimono-gakari's musical style stems from their original lounge rock style found on their first three mini albums under Cubit Club. Their primary instruments were the acoustic guitar, the electric guitar, and the harmonica. Their initial music was considerably slower; "Natsu Koi" on Sakura Saku Machi Monogatari is considerably faster in tempo compared to the same song on Makoto ni Senetsu Nagara First Album wo Koshirae Mashita.... Guitarist and band leader Yoshiki Mizuno also sang considerably more on their indie albums.
With the release of their first major-label album, Sakura Saku Machi Monogatari, their style changed to a more conventional rock style, but still keeping with their traditional guitar-harmonica combination. They also began to add other elements to their songs, such as strings and tambourines, as evidenced by "Sakura" and "Kira Kira Train". Additionally, they recorded songs with faster tempos, such as "Ryūsei Miracle" and "Hinageshi".
Ikimono-gakari began to shift to a more mainstream pop sound with their second and third albums, Life Album and My Song Your Song. Songs like "Kimagure Romantic" differed greatly from their songs during the Sakura Saku era. Life Album saw the revival of a couple of songs from their indie albums; "Hana wa Sakura Kimi wa Utsukushi" from Makoto ni Senetsu... and "Chikoku Shichau yo" from Jinsei Sugoroku Dabe. "Kuchidzuke", also from Jinsei Sugoroku Dabe. was revived on My Song Your Song.
Yoshioka was born in the city of Shizuoka, and later moved to Atsugi, Kanagawa when she was five years old. She went to City Minami Mouri Atsugi for primary school, Ebina high school in Kanagawa Prefecture, and graduated from Showa University College of Music. Her brother was a high school classmate of Mizuno and Yamashita. She became one of the hosts of All Night Nippon from 2009-2010. She debuted in a voice role as Eevee in the animated movie Pokémon the Movie: Genesect and the Legend Awakened, on which their song "Egao" was featured as an ending song. She has contributed lyrics to some of their songs like Kimi ga Iru and GOLDEN GIRL, which are A-side songs, "Mirai Wakusei" (from "Hajimari no Uta" album), Tokyo (from I album), and Shiroi Diary (from NEWTRAL album).
- Yoshiki Mizuno (水野 良樹 Mizuno Yoshiki?) (born December 17, 1982 ) is the band's leader and guitarist. He primarily uses the electric guitar.
He was born in Hamamatsu, Shizuoka Prefecture, but he later moved to the city Ebina, Kanagawa Prefecture, at an early age. Education: Junior High School Otani Sugikubo in Ebina; Atsugi Prefectural High School in Ebina, Kanagawa. After he dropped out of Economics, Politics in Meiji University, he graduated from the Department of Sociology in Hitotsubashi University. It was announced that he registered his marriage on August 17, 2013 to a woman who has no connection to the media industry. He has released no further information about her identity.
- Hotaka Yamashita (山下 穂尊 Yamashita Hotaka?) (born August 27, 1982 ), is the guitarist and harmonicist of the band.
He can also play the piano, he has learned how to since he was a third grade student in elementary. He was born in Ebina City, Kanagawa Prefecture. Education: Junior High School Otani Sugikubo Ebina City; Atsugi Prefectural High School in Ebina, Kanagawa. He graduated from Department of Sociology, Hosei University.
- Takashi Adachi (安達 貴史 Adachi Takashi?) (born December 27, 1982 ) in Shunan Yamaguchi prefecture. Bass guitar.
- Akimitsu Honma (本間 昭光 Honma Akimitsu?) (born December 19, 1964 ) in Osaka. Keyboard and Band master.
- Naoki Hayashibe (林部 直樹 Hayashibe Naoki?) (born July 29, 1965 ) in Tokyo. Guitar.
- Tomu Tamada (玉田 豊夢 Tamada Tomu?) (born June 23, 1975 ) in Usuki, Oita prefecture. Drums.
- Kenmei Adachi (足立 賢明 Adachi Kenmei?) (born June 17, 1970 ) in Yanagawa, Fukuoka prefecture. Roadie.
Awards and nominations
Japan Record Awards
|2010||Hajimari no Uta||Best Album Award||Won|
- The romanization of the group's name does not have the hyphen according to Sony's websites for their albums.
- "EPIC-JP.net | ikimonogakari" (in Japanese). Sonymusic.co.jp. 2008-12-24. Retrieved 2013-09-04.
- いきものがかり. a) as stated in the Japanese wiki. b) All support members listed on the band's Japanese wiki. いきものがかり
- Mizuno Yoshiki (@mizunoyoshiki) on Twitter. October 14, 2014, 21:14 Japan Standard Time (UTC +0900) https://twitter.com/mizunoyoshiki/status/521997440560287744
- "Sakusaku", a music variety show on tvk
- Japan Times. "Ikimonogakari to perform theme song for NHK's Olympic broadcast". Retrieved August 3, 2012.
- "いきものがかり OFFICIAL WEB SITE". ikimonogakari.com. Retrieved 2016-09-01.
- "Ikimonogakari Ends Group Activities". jpopasia.com. Retrieved 2017-01-05.
- "Ikimono-gakari Leader Yoshiki Mizuno Gets Married - Interest". Anime News Network. Retrieved 2013-09-04.
- "Of breath take; woman general Mizuno… Entertainment news: TV TOKYO". Tv-tokyo.co.jp.e.ck.hp.transer.com. Retrieved 2013-09-04.