Chapel of St. Michael Archangel built in 1615
|Borders||Balzan, Birkirkara, Għargħur, Lija, Naxxar, San Ġwann|
|• Mayor||Anthony Dalli (PN)|
|• Total||1.7 km2 (0.7 sq mi)|
|Population (March 2014)|
|• Density||1,800/km2 (4,800/sq mi)|
|Demonym(s)||Ikliniż (m), Ikliniża (f), Ikliniżi (pl)|
|Time zone||UTC+1 (CET)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+2 (CEST)|
|ISO 3166 code||MT-19|
|Day of festa||Sunday before 29 September (St. Michael)|
Iklin (Maltese: L-Iklin) is a village in the Central Region of Malta, with a population of 3,130 as of March 2014. Iklin was established in the mid-20th century; however some archaeological sites and a medieval chapel, named as St. Michael Chapel, are proof to earlier settlements. Until recently, the town was considered to form part of the Three villages of Malta, as part of Lija. With the separation of Iklin from Lija, Iklin is no longer part of the three villages. It is bordered by Għargħur, San Ġwann, Birkirkara, Balzan, Lija and Naxxar.
Iklin is divided in Lower Iklin siding on the Birkirkara bypass and the Upper Iklin. In Lower Iklin houses are built side by side, in general villas and maisonettes but also recently some apartments. In Upper Iklin land is on a hill close to Naxxar and land is considered more expensive; in general the land consists of villas and farmhouses. The two sides share two common facts, the neighborhoods structural design and the general silence living areas.
Modern day Iklin began to develop in the mid-20th century, but the area still has a few minor sites of archaeological importance.
A megalithic site, perhaps the remains of a temple, was discovered in 1967 by the Teenagers Din l-Art Ħelwa group from St. Aloysius' College. Unfortunately, this site has never been seriously surveyed or studied. A second megalithic site was studied in 1986 during works on the new Birkirkara By-Pass, in the area known as Tar-Raddiena. Two large megaliths, and a few smaller ones are still visible (though often ignored) on this busy road. The ruins were dated, through pottery sherds found during excavation, to the Bronze Age. The foundations of a Roman Villa were excavated in 1975 during construction works. The site has had its own historic importance, but it was destroyed soon after the excavations when the development for housing estates proceeded.
In the 15th century, a chapel dedicated to St. Michael was built in what is now Iklin. Pietro Dusina visited the chapel during his Apostolic Visit of 1575, and he described it as being in a poor state. The chapel was rebuilt in 1615 by Gilormu Agius. Today it is open once a year for the feast of St. Michael, which is celebrated the Sunday before 29 September by the Lija fireworks team.
The first purposely-built residential house in modern Iklin was Dar il-Lewża, which was built in 1954, suffered severe structural impact as outlined in 2012, and demolished in 2018. A number of villas were constructed in the 1960s and early 1970s, and development increased rapidly between the late 1970s and the 1980s. Iklin has had a local council since 1994, and the town became a separate parish in 2005. A new parish church named for the Holy Family was built for this purpose.
The Iklin Local Council was established by the Local Councils Act of 1993, along with the other local councils of Malta. The first election was held on 19 March 1994. Other elections were held in 1996, 1999, 2002, 2005, 2008, 2012 and 2015, and the next elections are set to be held in 2019.
The following people have served as Mayor of Iklin:
- Joseph Buttigieg (1994–1996)
- Anthony Dalli (1996–present)
- Anthony Dalli (mayor)
- Anthony Borg (deputy mayor)
- Carmel Amante Attard
- Martin Fenech
- Yvonne Bartolo
- Etienne Montfort (executive secretary)
Iklin has a population of 3130 people as of March 2014. The population is relatively young, with about one third being younger than 18 years. Older population is gradually increasing, generally due to longer life expectancy.
The locality of Iklin includes the following zones:
- Ta' Ġnien Fonsu (Alphons' Garden)
- Ta' Kieles
- Ta' Simblija
- Tat-Tabib (Doctor's area)
- Hal Man
The main roads of Iklin are:
- Triq Dun Karm (Dun Karm By-Pass)
- Triq Geronimo Abos (Geronimo Abos Street)
- Triq il-Wied (Valley Road)
- Triq in-Naxxar (Naxxar Road)
- "Estimated Population by Locality 31st March, 2014". Government of Malta. 16 May 2014. Archived from the original on 21 June 2015.
- Sagona, Claudia (2015). The Archaeology of Malta. Cambridge University Press. p. 313. ISBN 9781107006690.
- Saviour Formosa; Sandra Scicluna; Jacqueline Azzopardi, eds. (January 2013). Realities of Crime, Society and Landuse in the Mediterranean: JANUS I (PDF). Msida: Department of Criminology, University of Malta. p. 79. doi:10.13140/2.1.1230.4322. ISBN 978-99957-834-0-2. Archived from the original on 15 March 2017.
- "Malta-The George Cross Island - "Towns & Villages" (3)". English-studies.org.
- "L-Iklin". lc.gov.mt. Archived from the original on 24 September 2014.
- Caruana, Joseph (2009). "Toponomi f'Ghajnsielem" (PDF). L-Imnara. 4 (35): 187–188. Retrieved 10 July 2018..
- Bugeja, Anton. "Iklin Megaliths". Retrieved 10 July 2018.
- Bonanno, Anthony (1981). "Two Archaeological Sites Discovered at l-Iklin" (PDF). Hyphen. Melitensia. 5 (2): 212–220.
- Sagona, Claudia (2015). "The Archeology in Malta". Cambridge University Press. ISBN 1107006694, 9781107006690. p. 313.
- "National Inventory Register". National Inventory of the Cultural Property of the Maltese Islands. 27 August 2012. Archived from the original on 12 September 2016.
- Scerri, John. "Iklin". malta-canada.com. Archived from the original on 12 November 2012.
- "Rose Zammit u b'digriet tas-17 ta' Settembru 2004 il- Qorti ordnat li l-gudizzju jghaddi fil-persuna ta' Elizabeth Galea wara l-mewt ta' ommha l-attrici fil- mori tal-kawza. vs 1. EneMalta 2. Maltacom".
- "Wires and cables fixed on property cause damage". Timesofmalta.com. Retrieved 11 July 2018.
- "Dar Lewza can be described as having a sober form of Modernist design which must have been quite daring when it was built (late 1950s/ early 1960s). It exemplifies a style of Maltese architecture of which few quality pieces remain. Sadly this was not recognised by the authorities and last month demolition works began, to be replaced by showrooms and offices. Photographs taken this afternoon". Modernist Architecture of Malta. facebook. 11 February 2018. Archived from the original on 10 July 2018. 
- "About Local Government". Local Councils' Association. Archived from the original on 7 December 2014.
- "Elezzjonijiet tal-Kunsilli Lokali fis-Snin li Għaddew (1993-2013)" (PDF). lc.gov.mt (in Maltese). Archived from the original (PDF) on 12 July 2015.
- "Elezzjonijiet tal-Kunsilli Lokali 2015-2023" (PDF). lc.gov.mt (in Maltese). Archived from the original (PDF) on 12 July 2015.
- "Mayors from 1993". vassallohistory.wordpress.com. Archived from the original on 22 August 2014.
- "Council Members". lc.gov.mt. Archived from the original on 25 November 2015.
- Abela, Giovanni Francesco (1647). Della Descrizione di Malta Isola nel Mare Siciliano con le sue Antichità, ed Altre Notizie (in Italian). Paolo Bonacota. p. 85.
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