Iko Carreira

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Iko Carreira
Henrique - Iko - Teles Carreira.png
Henrique - Iko - Teles Carreira
Born (1933-06-02)June 2, 1933
Died May 30, 2000(2000-05-30) (aged 66)
Occupation Military personnel
Years active 1970–1990

General Henrique Teles Carreira, nicknamed and best known as Iko Carreira (1933–2000) served as the first Defense Minister of Angola from 1975 to 1980 during the civil war.[1] After the death of Agostinho Neto his position in the party weakened. He later served as ambassador to Algeria and military attaché to Spain.[2]

He was a fighter in the People's Movement for the Liberation of Angola (MPLA), Agostinho Neto's armed wing fighting against Portuguese colonial rule. Founder and commander in chief of the Angolan Armed Forces, he defeated the FNLA in the north and UNITA in the south during the first civil war. As Secretary of Defense, he thwarted an attempt at a coup led by Nito Alves. Considered to be the regime's second in command until Neto's death, he was the first African military officer to receive a degree as a general from the Soviet Union 's (Academia de Estado- Maior).[3]

General Iko Carreira knew and associated with Amílcar Cabral of Guinea-Bissau, Joaquim Chissano of Mozambique, and Lúcio Lara of Angola.[4]

The 27 of May 1977 Nito Alves attempted a coup that ended the lives of many former allies, including Saidy Mingas, and Dangere. The government arrested tens of thousands of suspected Nitistas, supporters of Nito Alves from May to November 1977 after they tried to overthrow President Agostinho Neto. Some suspects were then tried in secret courts overseen by Carreira. According to some accounts,those who were found guilty, including José Van-Dunem, Jacobo "Immortal Monster" Caetano, the head of the 8th Brigade, and political commissar Eduardo Evaristo, were then shot and buried in secret graves.[5]

General Iko Carreira's last struggle was to combat his illness, a stroke that paralysed his entire left side for the last 13 years of his life, writing two novels with one finger, on a special computer. The novels are titled: "O Pensamento Estrategico de Agostinho Neto", Publicacoes Dom Quixote, and "Memorias" published in Angola by Nzila.[3]


  1. ^ Hodges, Tony (2004). Angola: Anatomy of an Oil State. p. 51. 
  2. ^ James, W. Martin (2004). Historical Dictionary of Angola. p. 28. 
  3. ^ a b Castanheira, Jose Pedro (1996). "A Ultima Batalha do General Iko Carreira Revista Expresso". pp. 37–61. 
  4. ^ Sellstr̀eom, Tor (2002). Sweden and National Liberation in Southern Africa. p. 108. 
  5. ^ George (2005). pp. 129–131.  Missing or empty |title= (help)