Ikrimah ibn Abi Jahl

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Ikrimah Ibn Amr
BornApproximately 598
Probably Mecca, (modern-day Saudi Arabia)
Died634
Known forEncouraging retreating Muslims to continue fighting in the Battle of Yarmouk

Ikrimah ibn Amr ibn Hishām (c598-634), was an important early Muslim leader and companion of Muhammad.

Biography[edit]

As the son of Amr ibn Hisham, Ikrimah was at first one of the chief opponents to Muhammad in Mecca.

At the Battle of Badr, Ikrimah was the one to run to his father when the latter was being attacked by an Ansar warrior, Mu'adh ibn 'Amr. Ikrimah struck Mu'adh's shoulder, which resulted in the loss of his arm.[1]:304 Ikrimah also fought at the battle of Uhud, accompanied by his wife Umm Hakim.[1]:371

Having been a friend of Khalid ibn Al-Walid from his childhood, Ikrimah had tried to dissuade the latter from accepting Islam. When Abu Sufyan heard of Khalid's intentions, he started to beat him; it was Ikrimah who controlled Abu Sufyan.[citation needed]

In 630 CE when the Muslims conquered Mecca, Umm Hakim along with most of the Quraish converted to Islam.[2] Subsequently, Umm Hakim convinced Ikramah to accept Islam.[3]

Following his conversion, Ikrimah became an important civil and military leader for the early Islamic state. Abu Bakr sent him against Musaylimah in Yamamah.[citation needed]

He was killed at the Battle of Yarmouk in August 634, along with his uncles Salama ibn Hisham[4]:87, 100-101 and Ayyash ibn Abi Rabiah. All three were buried together after the battle.[citation needed]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Muhammad ibn Ishaq. Sirat Rasul Allah. Translated by Guillaume, A. The Life of Muhammmad. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1955.
  2. ^ God-oriented Life: In the Light of Sayings and Deeds of the Prophet Muhammad ... - Google Books. Books.google.co.in. Retrieved 18 January 2014.
  3. ^ Great Women of Islam: Who Were Given the Good News of Paradise - Mahmood Ahmad Ghadanfar - Google Books. Books.google.co.in. Retrieved 18 January 2014.
  4. ^ Muhammad ibn Jarir al-Tabari. Tarikh al-Rusul wa'l-Muluk. Translated by Blankinship, K. H. Volume 10: The Challenge to the Empires. Albany: State University of New York Press, 1993.

External links[edit]