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Korean transcription(s)
 • Hangul
 • Hanja
 • Revised RomanizationIksan-si
 • McCune-ReischauerIksan-si
Main road in Yeongdeung-dong Iksan
Main road in Yeongdeung-dong Iksan
Flag of Iksan
Official logo of Iksan
Location in South Korea
Location in South Korea
Coordinates: Coordinates: 35°56′38″N 126°57′16″E / 35.94389°N 126.95444°E / 35.94389; 126.95444
CountrySouth Korea
Administrative divisions1 eup, 14 myeon, 12 dong
 • Total507.07 km2 (195.78 sq mi)
 • Total307,000
 • Density610/km2 (1,600/sq mi)
 • Dialect
Area code(s)+82-63-8xx

Iksan (Korean: 익산; Korean pronunciation: [ik̚.s͈an]) is a city and major railway junction in North Jeolla Province, (commonly transliterated as Jeollabuk-do or Chollabuk-do) South Korea.

The city center and railway junction was formerly called "Iri" (Korean이리시; Hanja裡里市; RRIri-si), but merged with Iksan County (Iksan-gun) in 1995.

The railway junction is located at the point where Jeolla, Janghang and Gunsan Lines meet the Honam Line and is served by frequent train service to/from Seoul, Daejeon, Gwangju, Mokpo, Jeonju, Suncheon, and Yeosu.

Jeonbuk National University Iksan campus (before, it was Iksan National College), the Won Buddhism Graduate School, Wonkwang Health Science College, and Wonkwang University are all located in Iksan.

This city is called “The City of Jewelry." The Iksan Jewelry Museum opened in May 2002 next to a Dinosaur museum.

In late November 2006, Korean authorities quarantined a farm in Iksan and began culling poultry and livestock within a 3-kilometer radius to contain an outbreak of the H5N1 bird flu virus.[2]

Local tradition includes the story of Seodong and Seonhwa, which was broadcast in 2005~2006 as "Sedongyo" and is also dramatized in the 'Paradise in Autumn Festival.'

Festivals with various themes are held in Iksan, all reflecting local history and culture. These include:

  • 10,000,000 Chrysanthemum Festival (held in October/November)
  • Iksan Jewelry Expo
  • Seodong Festival
  • Stone Culture Festival


Iksan was once the capital of the ancient Baekje Kingdom. Temples built then are still standing. Iksan has always been an important transport center. After the Iri train station explosion in 1977, Iksan fell into a state of decline. However, the city's train station was later rebuilt, and it became the junction of three rail lines named above. It now services KTX and Saemaul trains as well as frequent bus lines. Today, Iksan is once again a thriving city.


Iksan is situated on the Okgu and Keumman Plains, which lead to the West Sea [Yellow Sea]. As it is located very near the sea where ships can transport a wide variety of products, Iksan has served as a logistical and traffic center for a long time.[3]

The city is in the northwestern part of Jeollabuk-do. East are the rugged mountains of Mt. Cheonho and Mt. Mireuk (Mireuksan (Jeollabuk-do)) at the edge of the Noryeong Mountains, and northwest the range of Mt. Hamra lead to a series of hills and a great stream that has formed the fertile Okgu plain to the west. Iksan borders Nonsan-gun and Buyeo-gun, Chuncheongnam-do, and is divided by the Keum-gang[river] in the north. It faces the Kimje Plains, divided by Mankyeong-gang, to the south.


  • Iksan Bus Terminal

The Iksan Bus Terminal (익산종합버스터미널) provides daily bus service to most cities in South Korea. Express buses to Seoul, Ansan, and Incheon are available.




  • Central Park(Chungang Cheuk Gongwon)
  • Seodong Park
  • Gemma sculpture park


  • Iksan hosted the 99th National Athletic Meet in 2018.[7]

Sister cities[edit]

Notable people[edit]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2008-10-03. Retrieved 2010-01-28.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  2. ^ "Yonhap News".
  3. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2008-11-02. Retrieved 2008-11-02.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link) Iksan Official English Website
  4. ^ "Jewelry Museum".
  5. ^ "Mireuksaji Museum". Archived from the original on 2011-03-03. Retrieved 2013-11-04.
  6. ^ "Wanggung-Ri Relics Museum English page". Archived from the original on 2013-12-02.
  7. ^ 익산시, 2018년 전국체전 개최지로, Iksan hosting a national athletic meet in 2008. Munhwa ilbo. Retrieved 2014-01-28.

External links[edit]