Iktaba

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Iktaba
Other transcription(s)
 • Arabic إكتابا
Iktaba is located in the Palestinian territories
Iktaba
Iktaba
Location of Iktaba within the Palestinian territories
Coordinates: 32°19′31″N 35°03′11″E / 32.32528°N 35.05306°E / 32.32528; 35.05306Coordinates: 32°19′31″N 35°03′11″E / 32.32528°N 35.05306°E / 32.32528; 35.05306
Palestine grid 155/192
Governorate Tulkarm
Government
 • Type Village council
Population (2007)
 • Jurisdiction 2,665
Name meaning Inscription[1]

Iktaba (Arabic: إكتابا‎‎) is a Palestinian town located four kilometers Northeast of the city of Tulkarm in the Tulkarm Governorate in the northern West Bank. According to the Palestinian Central Bureau of Statistics (PCBS), the town had a population of 2,665 inhabitants in 2007.[2] Refugees make-up 33% of the entire population in 1997.[3]

History[edit]

Ottoman era[edit]

Iktaba was incorporated into the Ottoman Empire in 1517 with all of Palestine, and in 1596 it appeared in the tax registers under the name of Staba, being in the Nahiya of Qaqun of the Liwa of Nablus. It had a population of 21 households, all Muslims. The villagers paid a fixed tax rate of 33,3% on various agricultural products, such as wheat, barley, summer crops, olive trees, goats and/or beehives, in addition to "occasional revenues" and a press for olive oil or grapes; a total of 4,100 akçe.[4]

In 1870, the French explorer Victor Guérin noted that village, which he called Astaba, was a "Small hamlet located on a high hill. Ancient cisterns testify to the existence here of an ancient locality. Fig trees and pomegranates grow around the dwellings."[5]

In 1882, the Palestine Exploration Fund's Survey of Western Palestine described it as: "A place to which a certan effendi of Nablus comes down in spring, a sort of 'Azbeh or spring grazing-place for horses"[6]

British Mandate era[edit]

In the 1922 census of Palestine conducted by the British Mandate authorities, Iktaba had a population of 121, all Muslims,[7] In the 1931 census of Palestine, the combined population of Anabta, Iktaba and Nur ash Shams was 2498; 2,457 Muslims, 34 Christians and 1 Druze living in 502 houses.[8]

In 1945, the combined population of Anabta and Iktaba was 3,120; 3,080 Muslims and 40 Christians,[9] with a total of 15,445 dunams of land according to an official land and population survey.[10] Of this, a total of 5,908 dunams were plantations and irrigable land, 5,842 were used for cereals,[11] while 84 dunams were built-up (urban) land.[12]

Jordanian era[edit]

After the 1948 Arab–Israeli War and the 1949 Armistice Agreements, Iktaba came under Jordanian rule.

Post-1967[edit]

After the Six-Day War in 1967, Iktaba has been under Israeli occupation.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Palmer, 1881, p. 182
  2. ^ 2007 PCBS census Archived 2010-12-10 at the Wayback Machine.. Palestinian Central Bureau of Statistics (PCBS). p. 108.
  3. ^ Palestinian Population by Locality and Refugee Status Archived 2012-02-07 at the Wayback Machine. Palestinian Central Bureau of Statistics
  4. ^ Hütteroth and Abdulfattah, 1977, p. 137
  5. ^ Guérin, 1875, p.354
  6. ^ Conder and Kitchener, 1882, SWP II, p.185
  7. ^ Barron, 1923, Table IX, Sub-district of Tulkarem, p. 27
  8. ^ Mills, 1932, p. 53
  9. ^ Department of Statistics, 1945, p. 20
  10. ^ Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 74
  11. ^ Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 124
  12. ^ Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 174

Bibliography[edit]

External links[edit]