Il Becco Giallo

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Il Becco Giallo
Il Becco Giallo.JPG
Categories Satirical magazine
First issue 1924
Final issue 1926
Country Italy
Language Italian

Il Becco Giallo (meaning Yellow Beak in English) was an antifascist satirical magazine in the 1920s in Italy.[1] The magazine existed between 1924 and 1926.

History and profile[edit]

Il Becco Giallo was founded by Alberto Giannini in 1924.[2] The editorial column of the first issue sided clearly against fascism:[1]

[...] appoggiamo [...] con tutte le nostre energie l’opposizione la quale, al regime fascista di dittatoriale violenza che ha invertito tutti i valori morali e col terrorismo ha asservito l’Italia ad una banda di predoni, resiste eroicamente sfidando ogni giorno le più brutali aggressioni e lotta per la libertà soppressa, per la millenaria giustizia italiana conculcata, per la riconquista delle guarentigie costituzionali, per ridare prestigio all’Italia nel mondo.

Luigi Pirandello, for his devotion to Benito Mussolini, was one of Becco Giallo satirical target, and used to be called P.Randello (randello in Italian means club).[3] In 1926 the fascist regime forced Giannini to close it and emigrate to France.[2][4]

In the same period, two magazines emerged in Italy that were characterized for developing an innovative surreal humour, the Bertoldo and the Marc'Aurelio; the authors of these magazines were reactionaries that avoided political satire to comply with the regime.[1][5]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Un novecento da ridere, by Alessandro Frigerio
  2. ^ a b Salvatore Attardo (18 March 2014). Encyclopedia of Humor Studies. SAGE Publications. p. 472. ISBN 978-1-4833-4617-5. Retrieved 22 November 2014. 
  3. ^ Chiesa, Adolfo (1990) La satira politica in Italia: con un'intervista a Tullio Pericoli p.38
  4. ^ BeccoGiallo: fumetti impegnati e resistenza editoriale in Fanzin-Arte
  5. ^ Mario Monicelli in De Franceschi, Leonardo (2001) Lo sguardo eclettico: il cinema di Mario Monicelli, p.28 excerpt

Further reading[edit]

  • Oreste Del Buono, Lietta Tornabuoni (editors) (1972) Il becco giallo, Feltrinelli,
  • Il becco giallo. La satira di sinistra, a cura di Walter Marossi, Milano, M&B Publishing, 1999