Il Guarany

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Il Guarany
Opera by Antônio Carlos Gomes
Il Guarany Score Front Cover.jpg
Cover of the score
Librettist
  • Antonio Scalvini
  • Carlo D'Ormeville
LanguageItalian
Based onJosé de Alencar's O Guarani
Premiere
19 March 1870 (1870-03-19)
La Scala, Milan

Il Guarany (The Guarany) is an opera ballo composed by Antônio Carlos Gomes, based on the novel O Guarani by José de Alencar. Its libretto, in Italian rather than Gomes' native Portuguese, was written by Antonio Scalvini [it] and Carlo D'Ormeville [it]. The work is notable as the first Brazilian opera to gain acclaim outside Brazil.[1] Maria Alice Volpe has analysed the historical subtext of the Indianismo movement behind Il Guarany.[1]

Performance history[edit]

The world premiere took place at La Scala, Milan, on 19 March 1870. The opera received additional European productions. It was performed at the Zagreb theater in 1883 and 1886.[2] The first Brazilian performance was in Rio de Janeiro on 2 December 1870, at the Theatro D. Pedro II. More recently, in 1996, Il Guarany was mounted by the Washington National Opera with Plácido Domingo in the role of Peri.[3]

The duet "Sento una forza indomita" for tenor and soprano was in the recorded repertoire of Francesco Marconi with Bice Mililotti, 1908, and of Enrico Caruso with Emmy Destinn, 1914.[4]

Roles[edit]

Disegno per copertina di libretto, drawing for Il Guarany (undated).
Roles, voice types, premiere cast
Role Voice type Premiere cast, 19 March 1870[5]
Conductor: Eugenio Terziani [ca]
Dom Antonio de Mariz, a Portuguese nobleman bass Teodoro Coloni
Cecilia, his daughter soprano Marie Constance Sasse
Peri, son of the Guarani tribal chief tenor Giuseppe Villani
Gonzales, a Spanish adventurer baritone Enrico Storti
Il Cacico, chief of the Aymoré Indians bass Victor Maurel
Alonso bass Severino Mazza
Don Alvaro tenor Giuseppe Masato
Ruy-Bento tenor Annibale Micheloni
Pedro bass Severino Mazza

References[edit]

Notes

  1. ^ a b Volpe, Maria Alice, "Remaking the Brazilian Myth of National Foundation: Il Guarany" (Autumn–Winter 2002). Latin American Music Review/Revista de Música Latinoamericana, 23 (2): pp. 179–194.
  2. ^ Reviews in Pozor [hr] 93 (1883); Agramer Tagblatt [de] 255, 286 (1886); and Agramer Zeitung [de] 93, 95 (1883) and 252 (1886).
  3. ^ Phillips-Matz, p. 195
  4. ^ Bennett,[page needed]
  5. ^ Casaglia, Gherardo (2005). "Il Guarany, 19 March 1870". L'Almanacco di Gherardo Casaglia (in Italian).

Sources

  • Bennett, John R., Voices of the Past, Volume 2 – A Catalogue of Vocal Recordings from The Italian Catalogues of the Gramophone Company (Italy) 1899–1909; The Gramophone Company Limited 1909; Compagnia Italiana Del Grammofono 1909–1912; Società Nazionale Del Grammofono 1912–1925. Lingfield, UK: The Oakwood Press, 1957
  • Phillips-Matz, Mary Jane. Washington National Opera 1956–2006. Washington, D.C.: Washington National Opera, 2006. ISBN 0-9777037-0-3.

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]