Il bravo

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Il bravo
Opera by Saverio Mercadante
Il bravo, costume for title role, 1840, Naples.jpg
Costume for the opera's protagonist "Il bravo" (designed for the 1840 Naples production)
LibrettistGaetano Rossi
LanguageItalian
Premiere9 March 1839 (1839-03-09)
La Scala, Milan

Il bravo, ossia La Veneziana ("The Assassin, or The Venetian Woman") is an opera in three acts by Saverio Mercadante to an Italian-language libretto by Gaetano Rossi and Marco Marcello. Their libretto was based on the play La Vénétienne by Auguste Anicet-Bourgeois, which was in turn based on James Fennimore Cooper's novel The Bravo. The opera premiered on 9 March 1839 at La Scala, Milan and subsequently played throughout Italy and abroad.[1][2] The opera was still being occasionally performed and recorded in the 20th century.[3][4]

Roles[edit]

Role Voice type Premiere cast, 9 March 1839[2]
(Conductor: Eugenio Cavallini)
Carlo ("Il bravo"), a hired assassin tenor Domenico Donzelli
Violetta, an orphan from Genoa soprano Eugenia Tadolini
Teodora, a mysterious Venetian woman soprano Sofia Dall'Oca-Schoberlechner
Pisani, an exiled Venetian patrician tenor Andrea Castellan
Foscari, a Venetian patrician baritone Pietro Balzar
Capello, a Venetian patrician tenor Antonio Benciolini
Michelina, Teodora's maid soprano Angela "Angiolina" Villa
Marco, Teodora's gondolier bass Eutimio Polonini
Luigi, Foscari's servant bass Luigi Quattrini
Messenger tenor Napoleone Marconi
The Doge of Venice, Venetian senators, knights, counsellors, citizens, artisans, gondoliers, commedia dell'arte players, soldiers, guards, servants, pages, and squires

Recordings[edit]

  • Il bravo – Orchestra and Chorus of the Teatro dell'Opera di Roma, Gabriele Ferro (conductor); William Johns (Il bravo), Miwako Matsumoto (Violetta), Maria Parazzini (Teodora), Paolo Washington (Foscari), Antonio Savastano (Pisani), Gino Sinimberghi (Cappello), Loris Gambelli (Marco), Mario Macchi (Luigi), Giovanna di Rocco (Michelina). Recorded live 1976. Label: Warner Fonit
  • Il bravo – Orchestra Internazionale d'Italia, Slovak Philharmonic Chorus, Bruno Aprea (conductor); Dino Di Domenico (Il bravo), Janet Perry (Violetta), Adelisa Tabiadon (Teodora), Stefano Antonucci (Foscari), Sergio Bertocchi (Pisani), Leonardo De Lisi (Cappello), Ambrogio Riva (Marco), Giuseppe De Matteis (Luigi), Maria Cristina Zanni (Michelina). Recorded live 1990. Label: Nuova Era

References[edit]

  1. ^ Mesa, Franklin (2007). Opera: An Encyclopedia of World Premieres and Significant Performances, p. 39. . McFarland. ISBN 1476605378
  2. ^ a b Casaglia, Gherardo (2005). "Il bravo". Almanacco Amadeus. Retrieved 29 October 2015 (in Italian).
  3. ^ William Shaman, Smith, Edward Joseph; Collins, William J.; and Goodwin, Calvin M. (1999). More EJS: Discography of the Edward J. Smith Recordings, p. 231. Greenwood Publishing Group. ISBN 0313298351
  4. ^ Comitato Nazionale Italiano Musica (2009). Opera 2009. Annuario dell'opera lirica in Italia, p. 376. EDT srl. ISBN 8860404975 (in Italian)

External links[edit]