Lush Green Tea Gardens are what makes Ilam district popular.
Clean, Prosperous, Cultured Ilam
|Province||Province No. 1|
|Established as Gauda||1818 (1875 BS)|
|Established as Municipality||1958|
|• Mayor||Mahesh Basnet (NCP)|
|• Deputy Mayor||Sushila Nembang (NCP)|
|• Ethnicities||Limbu, Yakha, Sunuwar, brahmins, Rai, Gurung|
|• Religions||Hinduism, Buddhist and Kirat|
|Time zone||UTC+5:45 (NST)|
|Language||limbu Nepali and English (in some offices)|
Ilam (Nepali: इलाम Listen (help·info)) is one of four urban municipalities of Ilam District, which is in the hilly region of Province No. 1. Ilam also acts as the headquarters of Ilam District. Geographically it lies in the hill region which is mostly known as Mahabharata range. It is also one of the important towns in Province No. 1 and one of the major places in Nepal for tea-production. It is famous for natural scenery and landscapes, tea production, and diverse agricultural economy. It is one of the major horticultural crop production districts of Nepal.
In 1958, it declared as "Ilam Municipality".
In 1990, when the Panchayat System abolished, it again renamed as Ilam Municipality. The total area of the municipality had 30.91 square kilometres (11.93 sq mi), it had divided into nine wards and the total population of the municipality was 34,648 (in 2007).
In 2015, with the new Constitution of Nepal, Godak, Soyak, Barbote, part of Maipokhari Sumbek, Puwamajhuwa, part of Sangrumba, part of Siddhithumka and Sakhejung Village Development Committee incorporated to it.
The word ‘Ilam’ comprises two words-‘I’ and ‘Lam’. In Limbu language, the word ‘I’ means ‘winding’ and ‘lam’ denotes to the way. Upon looking at the topography of this land, we can actually see several winding paths crisscrossing on the way. Thus it is aptly named ‘Ilam’.
According to 2011 Nepal census, the total population in Ilam was 19,427 and the main inhabitants of Ilam were Limbu, Rai, Yakkha, Lepcha, Newar, Magar, Tamang, Chettri, Brahmin, Sunuwar and Gurung.
Ilam has many educational institutions. The major campus of Ilam is Mahendra Ratna Multiple Campus, a first QAA certified constituent Campus of Tribhuvan University, Nepal. It has four faculty; Science, Humanities, Education and Commerce. It provides education in undergraduation and Post graduation subjects. From 2069 BS (2012 AD) Under the affiliation from Tribhuvan University, Institute of Agriculture and Animal Science, MRM Campus has started bachelor's degree in Science in Horticulture. Besides from Ilam district, Students from Jhapa, Morang, Sunsari, Panchthar, Taplejung, Dhankuta, Kathmandu, Janakpur, Pokhara, Chitwan, Banke, Gorkha, Lamjung, Rupandehi, etc. are here to study horticulture. There are other institute which provides higher education such as Adarhsa HSS, Modern Campus, Ilam Technical college, Heritage National Academy,Ilam Vidya Mandir etc. Green Valley Academy which provides secondary level education is regarded as one of the best school in eastern Nepal due to its high-ranking SLC result.
Ilam Bazaar is located about 700 km east of Kathmandu. Regular buses are available from New Buspark, Koteshwor and Kalanki of Kathmandu which takes to Ilam after a bus ride of about 16 hours. An airport is under construction at Sukilumba Danda.
Daily Bus/Bolero is available from Ilam to Taplejung, Phidim, Birtamod, Chandragadhi, Kakarbhitta, Siliguri (West Bengal), Pashupatinagar, Damak, Itahari, Dharan and Biratnagar. A new buspark is being constructed at Sera. Besides these, Bus/Bolero also goes to all the VDCs of Ilam district.
Tea production in Ilam (as Nepal tea) started as early as 1863, when the Chinese government offered then Prime Minister Jung Bahadur Rana tea saplings that were then planted in Ilam. In 1868, the Ilam tea factory was established, and tea plantations covered over 135 acres of land. In 2010, the tea factory was privatized, and is currently not under operation. However, tea production continues in Ilam in other forms. Many local people gets employment from this.
In 2010, the total tea production of Nepal is 16.23 million kilograms per annum; a majority of this amount is produced in Ilam itself As well as the organic tea transport the foreign country
New Hotels are being opened in Ilam for tourism. Ilam is known for its six "A"s: are Alu (Potato), Alan (Milk), Alainchi (Cardamom), Aduwa (Ginger), Amriso (Broom Grass), and Akabare khursani (Round Chillies),etc. although tea, bamboo, flowers and silk are also produced in Ilam. Agricultural commodities helps to increase the Agricultural Gross Development Product. Beside these, the tourism sector also contributes in the economy of Ilam.
Ilam bazaar has got haat on Sundays and Thursdays every week.
It is cold in Ilam during the winter, mild in summer and foggy in the monsoon season.
Environmentalism in Ilam
Ilam municipality is also known for its innovations in environmentalism. In 2010, the municipality became the first one in Nepal to ban plastic bags from the market, this is the great success all over the Nepal. The district also set aside 38 ropanis (>19,000 square metres) of land in the same year for processing degradable waste. In addition, Ilam's network of microhydropower produces more reliable electricity than is available in the rest of Nepal.
Ilam has three FM radio station namely Ilam FM (93 Mz), Nepalbani FM (94.9 MHz), Chiyabari FM (88.2 MHz) which are Community radio station and Fikkal FM (90.6 MHz). They aim to promote local culture by various programs of infotainment. Chiyabari Daily, Ilam Express, Ilam Post and Sandakpur are daily newspaper published from Ilam. In addition to these, several weekly newspaper like Pawanbhumi and Ilam Awaj are published in Ilam.and chulachuli darpan also
The Megh Bahadur Parajuli Community Hospital in Ilam .
Established in spring of 2004 community hospital in Eastern Nepal, a well-equipped hospital with a full-time Nepali staff. Since that time has provided one hundred volunteer physicians and dentists making contribution to local healthcare needs.
International healthcare professionals often have expertise that can help improve the training and development of our Nepali staff. Our volunteers often find that the experience fundamentally changes their lives.