|Born||2nd century CE|
|Father||Nedum Cheralathan|
Ilango Adigal was a Chera prince from the 2nd century CE, who is the author of Silappatikaram, one of the five great epics of Tamil literature. Ilango was said to be the brother of Kodungallur-based Chera king Senguttuvan. According to legend, an astrologer predicted that he would become the ruler of the land and to obviate such a happening, especially when his elder brother, the rightful heir, was alive, the prince became a monk taking the name of Ilango Adigal.Astrologers predicted that he will be famous and will remain in people heart for a long time.Until then people will remember kings and queens for their deeds. To nullify astrologers predictions the prince became a monk. But astrologers were hitherto true as his work Silapthikaram is being tested with time. There are also claims that Ilango Adigal was a contemporary of Sattanar, the author of Manimekalai.
Ilango Adigal was a Jain prince of the second century CE.
- Rosen, Elizabeth S. (1975). "Prince ILango Adigal, Shilappadikaram (The anklet Bracelet), translated by Alain Damelou. Review". Artibus Asiae. 37 (1/2): 148–150. doi:10.2307/3250226. JSTOR 3250226.
- Mohan Lal (2006) The Encyclopaedia Of Indian Literature (Volume Five (Sasay To Zorgot), Volume 5 Sahitya Akademi. 8126012218 p. 4098
- K. A. Nilakanta Sastry, A history of South India, pp 397
- Adigal 1965, p. VIII.
- Adigal, Prince Ilangô (1965), Shilappadikaram: (The Ankle Bracelet), translated by Alain Daniélou, New Directions
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