|Born||2nd century CE|
|Father||Nedum Cheralathan|
Ilango Adigal (c. 2nd century CE) is the author of Silappatikaram, one of the Five Great Epics of Tamil literature. He identifies himself as a Chera prince from the 2nd century CE, but Kamil Zvelebil suggests that, "this may be a bit of poetic fantasy, practised perhaps by a later member of the Chera Dynasty recalling earlier events".
An astrologer predicted that he would become the ruler of the land. To obviate such a happening, especially when his elder brother, the rightful was alive, the prince became a monk taking the name of Ilango Adigal. Astrologers predicted that he would be famous and would remain in the hearts of people for a long time. But to make the predictions null and void, the prince chose to become a monk instead. In spite of his chosen path of humility, his work Silapthikaram became an enduring classic and his name still lives.
- Rosen, Elizabeth S. (1975). "Prince ILango Adigal, Shilappadikaram (The anklet Bracelet), translated by Alain Damelou. Review". Artibus Asiae. 37 (1/2): 148–150. doi:10.2307/3250226. JSTOR 3250226.
- Shulman, David (2016). Tamil.
- Mohan Lal (2006) The Encyclopedia Of Indian Literature (Volume Five (Sasay To Zorgot), Volume 5 Sahitya Akademi. 8126012218 p. 4098
- K. A. Nilakanta Sastry, A history of South India, pp 397
- Adigal, Prince Ilangô (1965), Shilappadikaram: (The Ankle Bracelet), translated by Alain Daniélou, New Directions
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