Ildar Ildusovich Dadin (Russian: Ильда́р Ильду́сович Да́дин, Tatar: Илдар Илдус-улы Дадин, born April 14, 1982) is a Russian activist, accused of violent acts and derailing during demonstrations and hence constantly receiving increased attention from the authority. He is the first person to spend 1 year in a penal colony solely for his activity.
Activism and imprisonment
According to Amnesty International, Ildar Dadin is a "peaceful opposition activist". Dadin has attended rallies in support of the LGBT community (not being LGBT himself) and opposition figurehead Alexei Navalny, has been seen holding a banner saying "Putin is an enemy of the people" at anti-government protests, and has also taken part in an pro-Maidan protest, the Peace March.
Dadin was arrested December 3, 2015. He was sentenced to three years in jail by a Moscow court for repeated anti-government street protests.
Between August 2014 and January 2015 Dadin was accused of taking part in four one-person pickets on Aug 6, Aug 23, Sept 13 and Dec 5 2014. According to Russian law, individual protests do not need authorisation. The criminal case was triggered by his participation on Jan 15 2015 in action supporting Alexei Navalny and his brother Oleg in Moscow’s Manezhnaya Square. Dadin was sentenced to 15 days jail for “disobeying the lawful demands of the police”.
Before addition Article 212.1 to Russia’s Criminal Code in July 2014 Dadin could be sentenced to pay fine or a suspended prison term. But according to the new Article 212.1, if a court has issued two rulings on administrative offences within 180 days the law opens up a sentence of up to 5 years in a prison colony. This was the decision taken by the Basmanny Court in Moscow and which condemned Dadin to three years in prison. The prosecutor had asked for a shorter sentence of two years.
The punishment was later reduced to 2.5 years. Dadin was not allowed to be in the court during the appeal case.
He is the first person to be jailed using the law, which was introduced in 2014 and punishes repeated breaches of public assembly rules.
Ildar Dadin is accusing the prison of using torture. He describes being hit and beaten by 10 to 12 prison employees at the same time, several times per day, for several days, and later having his head being forced down into a toilet. Dadin also said that prison workers had hung him by his handcuffs for half an hour and pulled his underwear down, threatening him with rape if he refused to stop a hunger strike he had begun after being deprived of basic necessities such as soap and toilet paper.
The prison has confirmed use of force.
Russia’s human rights ombudsman Ella Pamfilova has criticized the excessive severity of the punishment, promising to send a request to the Constitutional Court. The Presidential Human Rights Council has demanded the withdrawal of the article used to imprison Dadin from the Criminal Code.
In 2017 the Supreme Court ordered that Dadin should be freed, and he was released from prison on 26 February. The penial colony directorate has issued official apology to Dadin and on 31 Mai 2017 the court has agreed to fulfill the lawsuit in favor of Dadin, paying him 2 million rubles (~ $35,000) for unlawful criminal prosecution..
- "Russian court sentences Ildar Dadin to 3 years under new anti-protest law", Human Rights in Ukraine, 8 December 2015
- "The ‘forced’ marriage that highlights Russia’s repressive new law", euronews, 24 December 2015
- "Person of the Week: Ildar Dadin", Rights in Russia, 4 April 2016
- "Russia: Peaceful activist sentenced under repressive new law must be released", Amnesty International, 7 December 2015
- "Activist Ildar Dadin sent to Karelian penal colony", Amnesty International, 30 September 2016
- "Ildar Dadin: When I get out, we will change the country for the better", The Russian Reader, 16 January 2016
- "Schläge, Tritte, Kopf in die Toilette", Spiegel Online, 2 November 2016
- "Amnesty: Jailed Russian activist was tortured", World Bulletin, 1 November 2016
- "Russian Prison Confirms Use of Force Against Dissident", Moscow Times, 3 November 2016
- "Russia activist Ildar Dadin accuses prison of torture", BBC, 3 November 2016
- "Ildar Dadin: The first Russian imprisoned for attending a public rally", Russia Beyond The Headlines, 14 April 2016
- "Верховный суд постановил освободить Ильдара Дадина". Retrieved 2017-02-22.
- "Верховный суд отменил приговор Ильдару Дадину". Коммерсантъ (in Russian). 22 February 2017.
- "(RUS) Исправительная колония извинилась перед Дадиным". Фонтанка.ру. 2017-04-14. Archived from the original on 2017-04-14. Retrieved 2017-04-16.
- "(RUS) Ильдару Дадину присудили два миллиона рублей за незаконное уголовное преследование". Meduza. 2017-05-31. Archived from the original on 2018-01-20. Retrieved 2017-05-31.