Ilesa

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Ilesa
Ilesa is located in Nigeria
Ilesa
Ilesa
Location in Nigeria
Coordinates: 7°37′0″N 4°43′0″E / 7.61667°N 4.71667°E / 7.61667; 4.71667
CountryFlag of Nigeria.svg Nigeria
StateOsun State
Government
 • Owa Obokun AdimulaAromolaran II
Population
 (2007)
 • Total305.480
 (metropolitan area)

Ilesa (Yoruba: Iléṣà) is a city located in the Osun State, south west Nigeria; it is also the name of a historic kingdom (also known as Ijesha) centered on that city.[1] The state is ruled by a monarch bearing the title of the Owa Obokun Adimula of Ijesaland.[2] The state of Ilesa consisted of Ilesa itself and a number of smaller surrounding cities.[3]

The Ijesa, a term also denoting the people of the state of Ilesa, are part of the present Osun State of Nigeria.[4] Some of the popular towns of the Ijesa are Ibokun, Erin Ijesa, Ijeda-Ijesa, Ipetu Jesa, Ijebu-Jesa, Esa-Oke, Ipole, Ifewara,Iloko, Iwara, Iperindo, Erinmo, Iwaraja, Idominasi, Ilase, Igangan ijesa, Imo, Eti-oni,Ibokun, Inila, Ibala Ijesa, Idominasi, Ilowa, and Ibodi.[5]

The state of Ijeshaland was founded c.1300 by Ajibogun Ajaka Owa Obokun Onida Raharaha, a warlike grandson of Emperor Oduduwa.

A Series Of Excerpts From The Oral Records Of The Ijesa[edit]

According to the historian Samuel Johnson:

[6]

Colonial assessment[edit]

The city was described by the Rev. William Howard Clark in 1854 in the following manner:

[7]

The Ijesa Monarchs[edit]

There are four royal houses amongst which accession to the throne is supposed to be rotated: Biladu, Bilagbayo, Bilaro and Bilayirere. Rulers, under the title of Owa Obokun Adimula, have been as follows:

Owa Ajibogun -
Owa Owaka Okile
Owa Obarabara Olokun Eshin
Owa Owari 1466 - 1522
Owa Owaluse 1522 - 1526
Owa Atakumosa
Yeyelagagba 1588 - 1590
Yeyegunrogbo 1588 - 1590
Owa Biladu I 1652 - 1653
Owa Biladu II 1653 - 1681
Yeyewaji 1681 -
Owa Bilaro 1681 - 1690
Owa Bilayiarere 1691 - 1692
Owa Bilagbayo 1713 - 1733
Yeyeori 1734 - 1749
Ori Abejoye 17.. - ...
Owa Bilajagodo "Arijelesin" ... - ...
Owa Bilatutu "Otutu bi Osin" 1772 - 1776
Owa Bilasa "Asa abodofunfun" 1776 - 1788
Owa Akesan 1788 - 1795
Owa Bilajara 1... - 1807
Ogbagba 1807–1813
Obara "Bilajila" 1813–1828
Owa Odundun 1828–1833
Gbegbaaje 1833–1839
Ariyasunle (1st time) -Regent 1839
Owa Ofokutu 1839–1853
Ariyasunle (2nd time) -Regent 1853
Owa Aponlose 1858 –1867
Owa Alobe 1867–1868
Owa Agunlejika I 1868 - 1869
1871 Vacant 4 Jun 1870 -
Owa Oweweniye(1st time) 1871–1873
Vacant 1873
Oweweniye (2nd time) 1873–1875
Owa Adimula Agunloye-bi-Oyinbo "Bepolonun 1875 - 1893
Owa Alowolodu Mar 1893 - Nov 1894
Vacant Nov 1894 - Apr 1896
Owa Ajimoko I Apr 1896 - Sep 1901
Owa Ataiyero [Atayero] 1901–1920
Owa Aromolaran 1920–1942
Ajimoko "Haastrup" -Regent 1942 - 10 Sep 1942
Ajimoko II "Fidipote" 10 Sep 1942 - 18 Oct 1956
J. E. Awodiya -Regent 18 Oct 1956 - 1957
Owa Biladu III "Fiwajoye" Ogunmokun 1957 - Jul 1963
... -Regent Jul 1963 - 1966
Owa Agunlejika II 1966–1981
Owa Gabriel Adekunle Aromolaran II 1982 - ?

Notable people[edit]

Coordinates: 7°37′N 4°44′E / 7.617°N 4.733°E / 7.617; 4.733

  • Israel Olatunde Adedeji-Orolugbagbe, a historian and linguist.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Osun 2014: Ijesa North Traditional Rulers Declare Support for Aregbesola". thisdaylive.com. Archived from the original on 6 February 2015.
  2. ^ "From Ancient to Modern Cities". thisdaylive.com. Archived from the original on 6 February 2015.
  3. ^ "Ajayi Emerges New King of Erinmo-Ijesha". thisdaylive.com. Archived from the original on 6 February 2015.
  4. ^ "Osun 2014: The Battle for Aregbesola's Job". thisdaylive.com. Archived from the original on 6 February 2015.
  5. ^ "Yoruba Hometowns". google.com.
  6. ^ Johnson, Samuel (1921), The History of the Yorubas, from the earliest times to the beginning of the British protectorate, p. 23-25.
  7. ^ "Ilesha". Litcaf. 16 February 2017. Retrieved 4 June 2017.

External links[edit]