|Natural range of Ilex ambigua|
Ilex ambigua is a species of flowering plant in the holly family known by the common names Carolina holly and sand holly. It is native to the southeastern and south-central United States, along the coastal plain from North Carolina to Texas, inland as far as Oklahoma, Arkansas, and Tennessee.
Ilex ambigua is a large shrub or small tree up to 6 metres (20 ft) tall. The branches are covered in shiny dark brown or black bark which becomes flaky with age. The twigs are purple. Some branches have a thick coat of fine hairs. The leaves are up to 18 centimeters (7.2 inches) long by 7 cm (2.8 inches) wide. The leaf margins are partially or entirely toothed or wavy.
Ilex ambigua, grows in many types of sandy habitat, such as sand scrub and hammocks and hardwood forests and woodlands. It may grow with pines such as loblolly, slash, and shortleaf pine, and oak species. It sometimes grows with its relative, American holly.
- forms and varieties
- Ilex ambigua f. ambigua
- Ilex ambigua var. ambigua
- Ilex ambigua f. mollis (A. Gray) H.E. Ahles
- Ilex ambigua var. monticola (A. Gray) Wunderlin & Poppleton
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Ilex ambigua.|
- Stritch, L. (2018). "Ilex ambigua". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. 2018: e.T122927323A122927579. doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK.2018-1.RLTS.T122927323A122927579.en. Retrieved 3 May 2020.
- The Plant List, Ilex ambigua (Michx.) Torr.
- Sullivan, Janet. 1994. Ilex ambigua. In: Fire Effects Information System, [Online]. United States Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Research Station, Fire Sciences Laboratory.
- Biota of North America Program 2014 county distribution map
- Ilex ambigua. The Nature Conservancy.