Ilex arnhemensis

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Ilex arnhemensis
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Eudicots
Clade: Asterids
Order: Aquifoliales
Family: Aquifoliaceae
Genus: Ilex
I. arnhemensis
Binomial name
Ilex arnhemensis

I. arnhemensis subsp. arnhemensis
I. arnhemensis subsp. ferdinandi

Ilex arnhemensis is the only species of Ilex (holly) native to Australia. Native to coastal and riverine habitats in the tropical north of Western Australia, the Northern Territory and Queensland, it grows as a tree up to 25 metres high.

This species was first published by Ferdinand von Mueller in 1861, under the name Byronia arnhemensis; and transferred in Ilex in 1890. Vernacular names include northern holly.


  • "Ilex arnhemensis (F.Muell.) Loes". FloraBase. Western Australian Government Department of Parks and Wildlife.
  • "Ilex arnhemensis (F.Muell.) Loes". Australian Plant Name Index (APNI), IBIS database. Centre for Plant Biodiversity Research, Australian Government.