Ilex tolucana

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Ilex tolucana
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Asterids
Order: Aquifoliales
Family: Aquifoliaceae
Genus: Ilex
Species: I. tolucana
Binomial name
Ilex tolucana
  • Ilex discolor var. tolucana (Hemsl.) Edwin ex T.R. Dudley. 1997
  • Ilex discolor var. tolucana (Hemsl.) Edwin ex J. Linares 2005

Ilex tolucana is a tree species in the family Aquifoliaceae, native to the mountains of Mexico and Central America from east-central Sonora south to El Salvador.

Habitat and Ecology[edit]

Ilex tolucana is a tree up to 15 m tall, found in oak forest or in mesophyllous mountain forest, frequently along stream banks. It is almost entirely glabrous with leaves entire or with a few small teeth toward the tip. Flowers are white, born in small umbels. Berries are small, red and globose.[2]

These plants are being conserved at the El Triunfo Biosphere Reserve [3]


  1. ^ Tropicos, Ilex tolucana
  2. ^ Felger, R.S., M.B. Johnson & M.F.Wilson. 2001. Trees of Sonora, Mexico. Oxford University Press.
  3. ^ IUCN Red List of Threatened Species (2010). "Ramirez-Marcial, N. & González-Espinosa, M. 1998. Ilex tolucana. In: IUCN 2010. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species".