Ilfov County

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Ilfov County
Județul Ilfov
County
Coat of arms of Ilfov County
Coat of arms
Administrative map of Romania with Ilfov county highlighted
Coordinates: 44°37′N 26°07′E / 44.61°N 26.12°E / 44.61; 26.12Coordinates: 44°37′N 26°07′E / 44.61°N 26.12°E / 44.61; 26.12
Country Romania
Development region București-Ilfov
Historical region Muntenia
Area
 • Total 1,583 km2 (611 sq mi)
Area rank 41st
Population (2011)
 • Total 388,738
 • Rank 25th
 • Density 250/km2 (640/sq mi)
Telephone code (+40) 21 or (+40) 31[1]
ISO 3166 code RO-IF
Website County Council
Prefecture

Ilfov (Romanian pronunciation: [ˈilfov]) is the county that surrounds Bucharest, the capital of Romania. It used to be largely rural, but, after the fall of communism, many of the county's villages and communes developed into high-income commuter towns, which act like suburbs or satellites of Bucharest. The gentrification of the county is continuing, with many towns in Ilfov, such as Otopeni, having some of the highest GDP per capita levels in the country.

Demographics[edit]

It has a population (excluding Bucharest) of 364,241. The population density is 230.09 per km². 40% of the population commutes and works in Bucharest, although, in recent years, many industrial plants were built outside Bucharest, in Ilfov county. It has an annual growth of about 4%.

Year County population[3][4]
1948 167,533
1956 Increase 196,265
1966 Increase 229,773
1977 Increase 287,738
1992 Decrease 286,510
2002 Increase 300,123
2011 Increase 388,738

Geography[edit]

The county has an area of 1,583 km² and it is situated in the Romanian Plain between the Argeș River and the Ialomița River.

The main rivers that pass through the county are: Dâmbovița River, Colentina River and Gruiu River. Several lakes can be found in Ilfov county, notably Lake Cernica, Lake Snagov and Lake Căldărușani.

Neighbours[edit]

Economy[edit]

The base occupation used to be the agriculture. Nowadays, due to the economical growth in Bucharest, many companies have opened their offices, production facilities or warehouses in the nearby villages, situated in the Ilfov County, thus making it the most developed county in Romania.

The predominant industries in the county are:

  • Food and beverages industry
  • Textile industry
  • Mechanical components industry
  • Chemical industry
  • Paper industry
  • Furniture industry
  • Rubber industry
  • Electrical equipment industry
  • Transport equipment industry
  • Electronic and optical equipment

At Otopeni there is the main aerial transport hub in Romania - the Henri Coandă International Airport. Also all the main roads and railways leaving Bucharest pass through the county.

Tourism[edit]

The county has a large surface covered with forests and also due to its lakes, it is a frequent week-end and holiday destinations for the inhabitants of Bucharest.

Other notable touristic sites are:

Politics[edit]

The Ilfov County Council, elected at the 2016 local government elections, is made up of 33 counselors, with the following party composition:[5]

    Party Seats Current County Council
  National Liberal Party 16                                
  Social Democratic Party 12                                
  Alliance of Liberals and Democrats 3                                
  People's Movement Party 2                                

History[edit]

Most of today's Ilfov County used to be covered by Codrii Vlăsiei, a thick forest, but there were several Dacian settlements, most important being Argedava, on the right bank of the Argeș River in what is now Popești, which was the capital of king Burebista.

The thick forests were useful for retreat during the migration age because they were not easy to cross on horseback. In fact, the name of the forest means "the Forests of the Vlachs" (Romanians), a name given by the Slavs who inhabited the nearby plains.

The county was named after the Ilfov River and it appears for the first time in a 1482 donation act of voivode Vlad Călugărul to the monastery of Snagov. In earliest documents, it was known as Elhov. The name is of Slavic origin, being derived from елха, elha (alder) and possessive suffix -ov, referring to a river which flowed through an alder forest.[6]

Administrative divisions[edit]

Str. Micșunelelor, main street in Dragomirești-Vale, 2007

The county has 8 towns and 32 communes. The largest settlements by population are Voluntari, Pantelimon, Buftea and Popești-Leordeni. These are the only settlements with more than 20.000 residents. Unlike most other areas of Romania, the population in Ilfov County is increasing, as many of the settlements here are seen as suburbs of Bucharest and are increasingly attracting upper class families. At the 2011 census, 43% of the county's population was defined as urban.[7]

Vountari is the largest settlement, with a population of 42.944 at the 2011 census.[8] It has experienced rapid population growth in recent years. There were serious debates about the city level awarded to Voluntari in 2004, as it is alleged that it was given in regard to the city's political affiliation, rather than population, development or any other objective features. Despite this, Voluntari did have a population of 30,000 at that time, and many other localities with this population have been given city-status in the past.

Buftea is associated with the cinema of Romania; as the film studios MediaPro Pictures are located in Buftea.

Otopeni was transformed into a town under the communist regime, as part of Nicolae Ceaușescu's systematization policy, with semidetached houses being replaced by four-storey blocks of flats.[9]

Before 1972, Ilfov County used to be one of the largest counties of Romania, but parts of it were added to neighbouring counties and nowadays it is the smallest (excluding the city of Bucharest, which has a special status). Between 1981 and 1997, it was called "Sectorul Agricol Ilfov" and it was not a separate county, but subordinate to the capital.

Ilfov communes
  1. Periș
  2. Ciolpani
  3. Gruiu
  4. Nuci
  5. Snagov
  6. Grădiștea
  7. Moara Vlăsiei
  8. Balotești
  9. Corbeanca
  10. Dascălu
  11. Petrăchioaia
  12. Otopeni (town status)
  13. Tunari
  14. Ștefăneștii de Jos
  15. Afumați
  16. Voluntari (town status)
  17. Găneasa
  18. Mogoșoaia
  19. Buftea (town status)
  20. Chitila (town status)
  21. Dragomirești-Vale
  22. Chiajna
  23. Dobroești
  24. Pantelimon (town status)
  25. Brănești
  26. Ciorogârla
  27. Domnești
  28. Clinceni
  29. Bragadiru (town status)
  30. Popești-Leordeni (town status)
  31. Glina
  32. Cernica
  33. Cornetu
  34. Măgurele (town status)
  35. Jilava
  36. Berceni
  37. Dărăști-Ilfov
  38. 1 Decembrie
  39. Vidra

Ilfov County is the only county that has its capital outside of its territorial area, in Bucharest which is not part of the actual county. Initially, immediately after the 1968 reform of the public administration in communist Romania, Ilfov was a larger county, that comprised its present-day territory, the entire Giurgiu County, Bucharest and the western parts of Călăraşi and Ialomiţa counties. Later during the communist period, its territory was reduced to its current size and it became one of the sectors of Bucharest. It became again a county in 1997, when its capital was designated to be Bucharest.[10][11] However, in 2005, some plans were proposed that would merge Bucharest with 90 other communes located to up to 40 km outside the city, in Ilfov County and other nearby counties into a "metropolitan area" of Bucharest, similar to Greater London.[12] As of 2011, these plans did not happen, while a debate on the general administrative division of Romania was under way.

References[edit]

  1. ^ The number used depends on the numbering system employed by the phone companies on the market.
  2. ^ National Institute of Statistics, "Populația după etnie" Archived 2009-08-16 at the Wayback Machine.
  3. ^ National Institute of Statistics, "Populația la recensămintele din anii 1948, 1956, 1966, 1977, 1992 și 2002" Archived 2006-09-22 at the Wayback Machine.
  4. ^ 2011 Romanian Census Results
  5. ^ "Mandate de CJ pe judete si competitori" (in Romanian). Biroul Electoral Central. 10 June 2016. Retrieved 16 June 2016. 
  6. ^ Constantin C. Giurescu, Istoria Bucureștilor. Din cele mai vechi timpuri pînă în zilele noastre, Bucharest, 1966, p. 38
  7. ^ http://www.ilfov.insse.ro/phpfiles/Comunicat%20de%20presa%20REZULTATE%20DEFINITIVE%20RECENSAMANT%20ILFOV%202011.pdf
  8. ^ http://www.ilfov.insse.ro/phpfiles/Comunicat%20de%20presa%20REZULTATE%20DEFINITIVE%20RECENSAMANT%20ILFOV%202011.pdf
  9. ^ Darrick Danta, "Ceausescu's Bucharest", The Geographical Review 83, no. 2 (1993)
  10. ^ "Law no. 50/1997 in Romania". Retrieved 2011-08-01. 
  11. ^ "Law no. 50/1997 in Romania". Camera Deputaţilor. Retrieved 2011-08-01. 
  12. ^ Alexandru, Cristina. "Bucureștiul va înghiți localitățile din jur". Biz Magazine. nr 110; 15 September 2005

External links[edit]