Ilha do Cabo Frio Biological Reserve

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Ilha do cabo Frio Biological Reserve
Reserva Biológica da Ilha do Cabo Frio
Arraial.rj.06.jpg
The island and beach (background) from above Pontal do Atalaia beach (foreground) on the mainland
Map showing the location of Ilha do cabo Frio Biological Reserve
Map showing the location of Ilha do cabo Frio Biological Reserve
Nearest city Arraial do Cabo, Rio de Janeiro
Coordinates 22°59′42″S 41°59′20″W / 22.995°S 41.989°W / -22.995; -41.989Coordinates: 22°59′42″S 41°59′20″W / 22.995°S 41.989°W / -22.995; -41.989
Area 700 hectares (1,700 acres)
Designation Biological reserve
Created 1990
Administrator Municipality

Ilha do cabo Frio Biological Reserve (Portuguese: Reserva Biológica da Ilha do Cabo Frio) is a municipal biological reserve in the state of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. It covers an Atlantic island with a unique micro-climate.

Location[edit]

The reserve is located on an Atlantic island in the south east of the municipality of Arraial do Cabo, Rio de Janeiro.[1] The upwelling of cold waters of the Malvinas Current near the island creates a seasonal semi-arid micro-climate and provides the conditions for dunes, hyper-saline lagoons and a several endemic and unique communities of vegetation. It has been called the "Plant Diversity Center of Cabo Frio" and recognized by the World Wildlife Fund and International Union for Conservation of Nature.[2] The island, also called the Ilha do Farol (Lighthouse Island), is accessible via boat by visitors to the beach of fine, white sand and the old lighthouse ruins.[3]

Conservation[edit]

The reserve was created by the Lei Orgânica Municipal - 1990; Artigo 184 and is administered by the municipality.[4] The objective of the reserve is to provide full conservation of biota and other natural attributes without direct human interference, and there are restrictions to visits by the public and visits for the purpose of scientific research.[5] A permit must be obtained before visiting the island, and duration of stay is limited. It is recognised by UNESCO as part of the Atlantic Forest Biosphere Reserve.[3]

Notes[edit]

Sources[edit]