St Andrew, Ilketshall

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St Andrew, Ilketshall
Ilketshall St Andrew-g1.jpg
St Andrew's Church
St Andrew, Ilketshall is located in Suffolk
St Andrew, Ilketshall
St Andrew, Ilketshall
St Andrew, Ilketshall shown within Suffolk
Population 291 (2011 Census) [1]
Civil parish
  • St Andrew, Ilketshall
District
Shire county
Region
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town Beccles
Postcode district NR34 8
Police Suffolk
Fire Suffolk
Ambulance East of England
EU Parliament East of England
UK Parliament
List of places
UK
England
Suffolk
52°25′52″N 1°29′53″E / 52.431°N 1.498°E / 52.431; 1.498Coordinates: 52°25′52″N 1°29′53″E / 52.431°N 1.498°E / 52.431; 1.498

St Andrew, Ilketshall is a civil parish in the Waveney district of Suffolk, England. The population of St Andrew, Ilketshall was 291 according to the 2011 Census, of which 146 are males, and 145 are females.[2] St Andrew's church is one of 38 existing round-tower churches in Suffolk.

St Andrew, Ilketshall is one of the several parishes in the 'Saints' area of Bungay in the district of Waveney.[3][4] The district comprises the parishes of St Andrew, St John, St Laurence, St Margaret, and 'All Saints Mettingham' which includes the parishes of St Mary and Holy Trinity in Bungay.[5] These parishes make up what is known as 'the Seven Parishes'.

Ilketshall St Andrew village sign. The village sign is located on Tooks Common Lane at the junction with Great Common Lane. Ilketshall St Andrew's village sign was erected in 2001.

Etymology[edit]

Ilketshall is named after the 'hall of Alfkethill'.[6] Ilketshall signifies the chief residence of Ulketil, who was Earl of East Anglia in the 11th Century holding estates in 'Uchetel'.[7] The King William Rufus[8] and Earl Hugh took possession of the greater part of Ilketshall, but their estates were divided up into smaller parcels. The principal of these was one which assumed its surname from the name of the township, whom was Gilbert de Ilketshall,[7] who was lord of the manor that included St Andrew's.

History[edit]

20th Century Map of St Andrew Ilketshall

In the 1870s John Marius Wilson's Imperial Gazetteer of England and Wales described Ilketshall St Andrews as:

"Ilketshall St. Andrews, a parish in Wangford district, Suffolk; 4 miles SE of Bungay r. station. It has a postal letter box under Bungay. The property is much subdivided. The living is a vicarage in the diocese of Norwich. The church has an octangular tower, and is in good condition. There is a Wesleyan chapel."[9]

Demographics[edit]

Population[edit]

Population time series graph of St Andrew, Ilketshall

The average age of a St Andrew, Ilketshall resident is 43.9.[10] The population of St Andrew, Ilketshall has fallen slightly over the last two centuries (1801-2011). There was a sudden drop in the total population between 1891 and 1901. This is because there was a significant drop of 5% in the production of wheat and barley being produced in Suffolk between 1891 and 1901.[11] This is because agriculture was the largest sector of employment at the time.[12]

Employment[edit]

A bar chart showing both the male and female 1881 occupational statistic for St Andrew Ilketshall

In 1881 the largest employment sector for males in 1881 was agriculture with 88 men. The total farming area for St Andrew, Ilketshall was 1,718 acres of land,[13] the soil being generally heavy; subsoil, and sandy clay. The predominant crop grown at the time was wheat, barley, and bean.[13] The main industry of the time was agriculture.[12] As of 2011, there were 142 residents of St Andrew, Ilketshall aged 16 to 74 in employment.[14] The largest sector for employment as of 2011 in St Andrew, Ilketshall is 'wholesale and retail trade; repair of motor vehicles'.[14] The rate of unemployment in St Andrew, Ilketshall is 3.6% which is both higher than the average for Suffolk and the national average (4.7%).[15][16] Today agriculture accounts for only 9.2% of the total economically active people in St Andrew, Ilketshall.[14] Unskilled labour is the leading form of employment in St Andrew Ilketshall is the such as "Wholesale and Retail Trade; Repair of Motor Vehicles".[14] This can be shown from St Andrew Ilketshall having a significantly higher level of residences with either no qualifications 29.8%.[16]

Ethnicity[edit]

According to the 2011 census, 96.9% of the residence are 'White British'.[17]

Housing[edit]

There is a total of 114 households in St Andrew, Ilketshall.[18] Over the last 20 years, average house prices have gone from £205,489 to the current price of £341,886 which is a change of 273.25%. The majority of housing in St Andrew, Ilketshall is either owned or mortgaged which is 69.4%.[19]

Churches[edit]

There are two churches in St Andrew, Ilketshall. Both being built in flushwork style of architecture, with the split (spaultered) dark sides of the flint facing outwards.[20]

St Andrew Church[edit]

The St Andrew round-tower church dates from the 12th century.[21] The church sits at a bend in the road of School Road. As is common in parts of East Anglia the church has an octagonal shaped bell tower[22] built in the Saxon, Norman Gothic style, consisting of chancel, nave, and an embattled western tower.[13] A modern statue of St Andrew watches out from the niche on the porch, which was built at the start of the Anglican Reformation.[23] The graveyard of the church has had no clearance of older gravestones.[23] In 1810 there was a screen between the body of the church and the chancel, which was destroyed in December 2001,[5] which revealed a series of wall paintings.[24] These paintings are similar to that found in the nearby St Botolph, North Cove.[23] The image depicts the theme of the 'Wheel of Fortune' and the unpredictable nature of human affairs.[25] A crowned figure is found sitting on top of a wheel rotating it, to which humankind must follow the rotation. The rotation is circular, so a downturn in human affairs must be inevitably followed by an upturn.[25] The church is still running services.[26]

Wesleyan Chapel[edit]

The Wesleyan Chapel of Ilketshall St Andrew

The second church within St Andrew, Ilketshall is an old chapel, St Andrew Methodist Chapel built in 1840 by the local Wesleyan Society[27][28] The chapel is a Grade II listed building, built with windows in the early Victorian style when Gothic was preferred.[27] It is well-maintained with a small garden at the front of the chapel.[29] Worship at the Chapel has now ceased.[30]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Parish population 2011". Retrieved 20 September 2015. 
  2. ^ "Ilketshall St Andrew (Parish): Key Figures for the 2011 Census: Key Statistics". Neighborhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 2 February 2017. 
  3. ^ "St Andre, Ilketshall" (PDF). Healthy Suffolk. 18 May 2016. Retrieved 23 March 2017. 
  4. ^ "St Andrew, Ilketshall St Andrew". Suffolk Churches. Retrieved 23 March 2017. 
  5. ^ a b Suckling, Alfred. "Ilketshall". British History Online. Retrieved 23 March 2017. 
  6. ^ "Bungay - The Surrounding Area". Bungay Suffolk. Retrieved 26 March 2017. 
  7. ^ a b "Ilketshall St Andrew - History". Ilketshall St Andrew Village Hall. Retrieved 23 March 2017. 
  8. ^ "St Andrew, Ilketshall St Andrew, Suffolk". The Corpus of Romanesque Sculpture in Britain And Ireland. Retrieved 2nd May 2017.  Check date values in: |access-date= (help)
  9. ^ Wilson, John Marius (1870–72). Imperial Gazetteer of England and Wales. Edinburgh: A. Fullerton & Co. 
  10. ^ "Ilketshall St Andrew Age Distribution Statistics". ILiveHere. 2011. Retrieved 28 March 2017. 
  11. ^ "Acreages of different crops, as reported by the Agricultural Census for 1891 through 1901". A Vision of Britain Through Time. 1901. Retrieved 27 March 2017. 
  12. ^ a b "Occuation data 1881". A Vision of Britain Through Time. Retrieved 27 March 2017. 
  13. ^ a b c Kellys. "Ilketshall St Andrew". Nine Parishes. 
  14. ^ a b c d "Industry, 2011: St Andrew, Ilketshall". Neighborhood Statistics. Retrieved 28 March 2017. 
  15. ^ "Unemployment Rate (aged 16 and over, seasonally adjusted)". Office for National Statistics. January 2016. Retrieved 28 March 2017. 
  16. ^ a b "Ilketshall St Andrew Benefits and Unemployment Statistics". ILiveHere. 2011. Retrieved 28 March 2017. 
  17. ^ "Ethnic Group, St Andrew, Ilketshall". Retrieved 28 March 2017. 
  18. ^ "Household Composition 2011, St Andrew, Ilketshall". Neighborhood Statistics. 2011. Retrieved 28 March 2017. 
  19. ^ "Ilketshall St Andrew Property Ownership and Rental Statistics". ILiveHere. 2011. Retrieved 28 March 2017. 
  20. ^ "Flushwork". Encyclopedia.com. 
  21. ^ "Ilketshall St Andrew and St John Walks" (PDF). Discover Suffolk. Retrieved 26 March 2017. 
  22. ^ Howse, Christopher (27 December 2014). "The Strange Round Towers of East Anglia". The Telegraph. Retrieved 23 March 2017. 
  23. ^ a b c "St Andre, Ilketshall St Andrew". Suffolk Churches. Retrieved 23 March 2017. 
  24. ^ "The Saints and the Waveney Valley" (PDF). Discover Suffolk. Retrieved 26 March 2017. 
  25. ^ a b Marshall, Anne (1 August 2009). "The wheel of fortune: Ilketshall St Andrew, Suffolk". Painted Church. Retrieved 26 March 2017. 
  26. ^ "The Church of England, Ilketshall St Andrew callender". The Church of England. Retrieved 23 March 2017. 
  27. ^ a b Knott, Simon (July 2008). "Methodist Chapel, Ilketshall St Andrew". Suffolk Churches. 
  28. ^ Whites. "Ilketshall St Andrew". Nine Parishes. 
  29. ^ "Ilketshall St Andrew, CHurches". Waveney Valley Ecumenical Partnership. 
  30. ^ "The Waveney Valley Ecumenical Partnership: Ilketshall St Andrew". Waveney Valley Ecumenical Partnership. Retrieved 27 March 2017.