Illahe, Oregon

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Illahe, Oregon
Unincorporated community
Illahe is located in Oregon
Illahe
Illahe
Illahe is located in the US
Illahe
Illahe
Location within the state of Oregon
Coordinates: 42°37′43″N 124°03′27″W / 42.62861°N 124.05750°W / 42.62861; -124.05750Coordinates: 42°37′43″N 124°03′27″W / 42.62861°N 124.05750°W / 42.62861; -124.05750
Country United States
State Oregon
County Curry
Time zone Pacific (PST) (UTC-8)
 • Summer (DST) PDT (UTC-7)
ZIP code 97406
Area code(s) 458 and 541

Illahe is an unincorporated community and the site of a former post office in Curry County, Oregon, United States.[1] Located along the Rogue River about 8 miles (13 km) upriver from Agness, the area was home to Takelma Indians, then to white and Karok settlers, before becoming part of a designated wilderness. In the 21st century, it is a stopping place for hikers, boaters, and other visitors. The area has a riverside lodge and a nearby campground, both named Illahe.[2]

Illahe is located in the Klamath Mountains in the Rogue River – Siskiyou National Forest. The Lower Rogue River Trail, a National Recreation Trail runs roughly parallel to the river between Grave Creek and Illahe through the Wild Rogue Wilderness.[3] The 36-mile (58 km) stretch of the river between these two points is designated Wild and Scenic and is "one of the best-known whitewater runs in the United States".[4]

Climate[edit]

Illahe has a warm-summer Mediterranean climate (Csb) according to the Köppen climate classification system.

Climate data for Illahe
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 67
(19)
76
(24)
83
(28)
94
(34)
99
(37)
111
(44)
112
(44)
110
(43)
111
(44)
99
(37)
75
(24)
68
(20)
112
(44)
Average high °F (°C) 48.9
(9.4)
53.8
(12.1)
59.1
(15.1)
65.3
(18.5)
72.1
(22.3)
79.4
(26.3)
88
(31)
88.2
(31.2)
83.7
(28.7)
68.4
(20.2)
54.8
(12.7)
49.2
(9.6)
67.6
(19.8)
Average low °F (°C) 36
(2)
37.4
(3)
38.2
(3.4)
40.1
(4.5)
44
(7)
48.6
(9.2)
52.1
(11.2)
51.8
(11)
48.7
(9.3)
44.1
(6.7)
40.2
(4.6)
36.8
(2.7)
43.2
(6.2)
Record low °F (°C) 14
(−10)
13
(−11)
25
(−4)
28
(−2)
29
(−2)
36
(2)
37
(3)
32
(0)
31
(−1)
23
(−5)
17
(−8)
6
(−14)
6
(−14)
Average precipitation inches (mm) 14.36
(364.7)
11.32
(287.5)
9.98
(253.5)
4.91
(124.7)
3.2
(81)
1.28
(32.5)
0.29
(7.4)
0.71
(18)
1.89
(48)
6.21
(157.7)
12.83
(325.9)
14.93
(379.2)
81.9
(2,080)
Average snowfall inches (cm) 5.1
(13)
2.6
(6.6)
1.1
(2.8)
0.2
(0.5)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0.2
(0.5)
1.5
(3.8)
10.7
(27.2)
Average precipitation days 17 15 16 11 8 5 1 2 4 9 14 17 119
Source: [5]

History[edit]

Illahe was the first of three post offices established in the late 19th and early 20th centuries along the canyon of the lower Rogue River between Marial and Agness. After the Rogue River Wars of 1855–56 and the forced removal of most of the Takelma and other native people who lived along the river, a small number of newcomers began to settle along or near the canyon. These pioneers, some of whom were former gold miners married to Karok Indian women from the Klamath River basin, established gardens and orchards, kept horses, cows, and other livestock, and received occasional shipments of goods sent by pack mule over the mountains.[6] Until the 1890s, the settlers remained relatively isolated from the outside world. In 1883, one of them, Elijah H. Price, proposed a permanent mail route by boat up the Rogue River from Ellensburg (later renamed Gold Beach) to Big Bend,[7] about 35 miles (56 km) upstream.[8] The route, Price told the government, would serve perhaps 11 families and no towns.[7] Although the Post Office Department resisted the idea for many years, in early 1895 it agreed to a one-year trial of the water route, established a post office at Price's log cabin at Big Bend, and named Price postmaster. Price's job, for which he received no pay during the trial year, included running the post office and making sure that the mail boat made one round-trip a week.[9] He named the new post office Illahe. The name derives from the Chinook Jargon word ilahekh or iliʼi, meaning "land", "earth" or "country".[10]

In 1897, the department established a post office near the confluence of the Rogue and the Illinois rivers, 8 miles (13 km) downriver from Illahe, at what became Agness.[11] A third post office, established in 1903 about 20 miles (32 km) upriver from Illahe, was named Marial.[12] To avoid difficult rapids, carriers delivered the mail by mule or horse between Illahe and Marial, and after 1908 most mail traveling beyond Agness went to both upriver communities by pack animal.[13] The Illahe post office closed in 1943.[14] Congress established the Wild Rogue Wilderness in 1978.[15]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Illahe". Geographic Names Information System (GNIS). United States Geological Survey. November 28, 1980. Retrieved June 15, 2009. 
  2. ^ Shewey, John (2007). Complete Angler's Guide to Oregon. Wilderness Adventures Press. pp. 95–96. Retrieved June 15, 2009. 
  3. ^ Sullivan, pp. 187–93
  4. ^ Giordano, pp. 120–22
  5. ^ "ILLAHE, OR (354133)". Western Regional Climate Center. Retrieved November 26, 2015. 
  6. ^ Meier, p. 9
  7. ^ a b Meier, p. 13
  8. ^ United States Geological Survey (USGS). "United States Geological Survey Topographic Map: Illahe, Oregon, quad". TopoQuest. Retrieved June 19, 2009.  The map includes river mile (RM) markers.
  9. ^ Meier, pp. 18–19
  10. ^ McArthur, p. 495
  11. ^ Meier, p. 25
  12. ^ Meier, p. 28
  13. ^ Meier, pp. 27–28
  14. ^ Meier, p. 80
  15. ^ "Recreation: Wild Rogue Wilderness". U.S. Forest Service. 2006. Retrieved June 15, 2009. 

Works cited[edit]

  • Giordano, Pete (2004). Soggy Sneakers: A Paddler's Guide to Oregon's Rivers, fourth edition. Seattle: The Mountaineers Books. ISBN 978-0-89886-815-9.
  • McArthur, Lewis A., and McArthur, Lewis L. (2003) Oregon Geographic Names, seventh edition. Portland: Oregon Historical Society Press. ISBN 0-87595-277-1.
  • Meier, Gary and Gloria (1995). Whitewater Mailmen: The Story of the Rogue River Mail Boats. Bend, Oregon: Maverick Publications. ISBN 0-89288-216-6.

Further reading[edit]

  • Atwood, Kay (1978). Illahe: The Story of Settlement in the Rogue River Canyon. Corvallis, Oregon: Oregon State University Press. ISBN 0-87071-539-9.