Origin of the Iller (Photo from an aircraft)
|- location||Northern Limestone Alps|
|Length||145.9 km (90.7 mi) |
|Basin size||2,147 km2 (829 sq mi) |
|- average||90 m3/s (3,200 cu ft/s)|
|Progression||Danube→ Black Sea|
- İller means provinces in Turkish, see Provinces of Turkey
It is formed at the confluence of the rivers Breitach, Stillach and Trettach near Oberstdorf in the Allgäu region of the Alps, close to the Austrian border. From there it runs northwards, passing the towns of Sonthofen, Immenstadt, and Kempten.
Between Lautrach near Memmingen and Ulm it forms the border between the two German States Bavaria and Baden-Württemberg for about 50 kilometres (31 mi). The river flows into the Danube in the city of Ulm.
The Iller has a catchment area of 2,152 square kilometres (831 sq mi). It ranks as the seventh of Bavaria's rivers by water flow, with an average throughput of 75 cubic metres per second (2,600 cu ft/s) at Senden, a short distance upstream from the Danube. The power of the river is used for the production of hydroelectricity via eight power stations with a total net capacity of 51 MW (1998).
A bicycle route follows the Iller, which is also a popular location for rafting and trekking.
- Bogner, Franz X. (2009). Allgäu und Iller aus der Luft. Theiss-Verlag 2009. ISBN 978-3-8062-2236-4.
- Kettemann, Otto and Winkler, Ursula (ed.): Die Iller, 2000, ISBN 3-931915-05-0 (2. erweiterte Auflage)
- Nowotny, Peter (1999). Die Iller und ihr Tal, 1999, Verlag Eberl, ISBN 3-920269-08-X
- Complete table of the Bavarian Waterbody Register by the Bavarian State Office for the Environment (xls, 10.3 MB)
|Wikisource has the text of the 1911 Encyclopædia Britannica article Iller.|
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