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Picswiss SZ-25-01.jpg
Coat of arms of Illgau
Coat of arms
Illgau is located in Switzerland
Coordinates: 46°59′N 8°43′E / 46.983°N 8.717°E / 46.983; 8.717Coordinates: 46°59′N 8°43′E / 46.983°N 8.717°E / 46.983; 8.717
Country Switzerland
Canton Schwyz
District Schwyz
 • Total 10.89 km2 (4.20 sq mi)
Elevation 807 m (2,648 ft)
Population (Dec 2014[2])
 • Total 790
 • Density 73/km2 (190/sq mi)
Postal code 6434
SFOS number 1363
Surrounded by Muotathal, Oberiberg, Schwyz
SFSO statistics

Illgau is a municipality in Schwyz District in the canton of Schwyz in Switzerland.


Illgau is first mentioned in 1370 as Ilgoe.[3]


Farm house in Illgau, with a tower of the aerial tramway Illgau - St.Karl

Illgau has an area, as of 2006, of 10.9 km2 (4.2 sq mi). Of this area, 62% is used for agricultural purposes, while 31.1% is forested. Of the rest of the land, 2.9% is settled (buildings or roads) and the remainder (4%) is non-productive (rivers, glaciers or mountains).[4]

It consists of the village sections of Illgau, Vorder Oberberg and Hinter Oberberg as well as scattered farm houses. All of the farm houses, up to about the 1,300 m (4,300 ft) level are occupied throughout the year.


Illgau has a population (as of 31 December 2014) of 790.[2] As of 2007, 1.6% of the population was made up of foreign nationals.[5] Over the last 10 years the population has grown at a rate of 7%. Most of the population (as of 2000) speaks German (99.2%), with Albanian being second most common ( 0.3%) and Russian being third ( 0.3%).[4]

As of 2000 the gender distribution of the population was 50.8% male and 49.2% female. The age distribution, as of 2008, in Illgau is; 242 people or 33.6% of the population is between 0 and 19. 241 people or 33.4% are 20 to 39, and 166 people or 23.0% are 40 to 64. The senior population distribution is 45 people or 6.2% are 65 to 74. There are 19 people or 2.6% who are 70 to 79 and 8 people or 1.11% of the population who are over 80.[5]

Picswiss SZ-25-02.jpg

As of 2000 there are 248 households, of which 71 households (or about 28.6%) contain only a single individual. 31 or about 12.5% are large households, with at least five members.[5]

In the 2007 election the most popular party was the SVP which received 53.9% of the vote. The next three most popular parties were the CVP (36.4%), the SPS (5.5%) and the FDP (1.7%).[4]

The entire Swiss population is generally well educated. In Illgau about 55.2% of the population (between age 25-64) have completed either non-mandatory upper secondary education or additional higher education (either university or a Fachhochschule).[4]

Illgau has an unemployment rate of 0.96%. As of 2005, there were 70 people employed in the primary economic sector and about 28 businesses involved in this sector. 63 people are employed in the secondary sector and there are 8 businesses in this sector. 71 people are employed in the tertiary sector, with 14 businesses in this sector.[4]

From the 2000 census, 698 or 96.8% are Roman Catholic, while less than 5 people belonged to the Swiss Reformed Church. There are 6 (or about 0.83% of the population) who are Islamic. 9 (or about 1.25% of the population) belong to no church, are agnostic or atheist, and 6 individuals (or about 0.83% of the population) did not answer the question.[5]

The historical population is given in the following table:[3]

year population
1850 246
1900 270
1950 390
1990 633
2000 721
2005 776
2007 792


  1. ^ Arealstatistik Standard - Gemeindedaten nach 4 Hauptbereichen
  2. ^ a b Swiss Federal Statistics Office – STAT-TAB Ständige und Nichtständige Wohnbevölkerung nach Region, Geschlecht, Nationalität und Alter (German) accessed 31 August 2015
  3. ^ a b Illgau in German, French and Italian in the online Historical Dictionary of Switzerland.
  4. ^ a b c d e Swiss Federal Statistical Office accessed 28-Aug-2009
  5. ^ a b c d Canton Schwyz Statistics (German) accessed 27 August 2009

External links[edit]