From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
"Ilyichevsk" redirects here. For the city and provincial capital in Azerbaijan, see Şərur.
City of regional significance
Illichivsk City Hall
Illichivsk City Hall
Flag of Illichivsk
Coat of arms of Illichivsk
Coat of arms
Coordinates: 46°18′06.0″N 30°39′25.0″E / 46.301667°N 30.656944°E / 46.301667; 30.656944
Country  Ukraine
Oblast Odessa Oblast
Municipality Illichivsk
 • Total 25 km2 (10 sq mi)
Elevation 29 m (95 ft)
Population (1 January 2011)[1]
 • Total 59,229
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
 • Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)
Postal code 68000—68090
Area code(s) +380 4868

Illichivsk (Ukrainian: Іллічі́вськ, translit. Illichivs'k, Russian: Ильичёвск, Ilyichyovsk) is a city in the Odessa Oblast (province) of south-western Ukraine, dependent on the Port of Illichivsk. The city is located around the Sukhyi Estuary.

Illichivsk sea-front
Park in Illichivsk
Monument in downtown Illichivsk
Shkilnyi Stadium


Illichivsk is situated on the coast of the Black Sea, just 12 miles (20 km) west from Odessa.

Administrative status[edit]

Illichivsk is a city of regional significance within the Odessa Oblast.


Illichivsk as a city was built in 1952 around the port, incorporating surrounding small settlements (dating back to 18th century). Named after Vladimir Ilyich Lenin, the city was designed to become a new home for the Black Sea Shipping Company (then the largest passenger and commercial vessel operator in the world which declared bankruptcy in early 1990s). Originally a builder's trailer village, Illichivsk has expanded to become Ukraine's most prosperous town (by income per capita). Residents are mostly employed by the port (one of the largest ports of Europe) and the maritime industry. Residents of Odessa have recently begun relocating to lower-cost but higher-income Illichivsk.

On 15 May 2015 President of Ukraine Petro Poroshenko signed a bill into law that started a six months period for the removal of communist monuments and the mandatory renaming of settlements with a name related to Communism.[2]


Train Ferry Service to Bulgaria[edit]

See also: UkrFerry

Illichivsk was connected by freight train ferry line (426 km) to Varna in Bulgaria in 1978. Four train ferries two Soviet and two Bulgarian ones, named "Hero of Odessa", "Hero of Sevastopol" and "Hero of Schipka", "Hero of Pleven" which could take in three decks a total of 108 two bogie (four axle) Soviet freight cars. In the first ten-year period (1978–1988), these train ferries had transported 1.000.000 freight cars between Illichivsk and Varna. This train ferry service took 17 hours in both directions. The Bulgarians built gauge changing apparatus at Varna which made it possible to change bogies of 24 freight cars in one hour thirty minutes.


Illichivsk local economy is largely oriented to the sea. The biggest employer is a State Enterprise: "Illichivsk Maritime Trade Port". The headquarters and manufacturing facilities of "Antarctica" (Ukraine's largest fishing company) are also located in Illichivsk. Other major maritime shipping companies have also chosen to open their offices in Illichivsk. The city's healthy economy continues to attract new businesses and residents.

The city also has a freight railway station Illichivsk.

International relations[edit]

Twin towns – Sister cities[edit]

Illichivsk is twinned with:


External links[edit]