Illinois's at-large congressional district

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Illinois elected its United States Representative At-Large on a general ticket upon achieving statehood December 3, 1818. It last elected a US Representative in the Election of 1946. The district has been inactive since.

1818 – 1833: One seat[edit]

From statehood to 1833, Illinois had only one congressional district, and therefore it was at-large.

Representative Party Years Electoral history
JMcLean-Senator.jpg John McLean Democratic-Republican December 3, 1818 –
March 3, 1819
First elected in 1818.
Lost re-election.
No image.svg Daniel P. Cook Democratic-Republican March 4, 1819 –
March 3, 1823
First elected in 1818.
Re-elected in 1820.
Re-elected in 1822.
Re-elected in 1824.
Lost re-election.
Adams-Clay
Democratic-Republican
March 4, 1823 –
March 3, 1825
Adams March 4, 1825 –
March 3, 1827
Governor Joseph Duncan.jpg Joseph Duncan Jacksonian March 4, 1827 –
March 3, 1833
First elected in 1826.
Re-elected in 1828.
Re-elected in 1830.
Moved to 3rd district
District inactive March 3, 1833

1863 – 1873: One seat[edit]

From 1863 to 1873 there was one at-large seat in addition to the districted seats.

Representative Party Years Electoral history
District re-established March 4, 1863
James C. Allen.jpg James C. Allen Democratic March 4, 1863 –
March 3, 1865
Elected in 1862.
Lost re-election.
No image.svg Samuel W. Moulton Republican March 4, 1865 –
March 3, 1867
Elected in 1864.
Retired.
John Alexander Logan crop.jpg John A. Logan Republican March 4, 1867 –
March 3, 1871
Elected in 1866.
Re-elected in 1868.
Re-elected in 1870, but resigned to become U.S. Senator.
Vacant March 4, 1871 –
November 7, 1871
John.L.Beveridge.1.jpg John L. Beveridge Republican November 7, 1871 –
January 4, 1873
Elected to finish Logan's term.
Resigned to become Lieutenant Governor.
Vacant January 4, 1873 –
March 3, 1873
District inactive March 3, 1873

1893 – 1895: Two seats[edit]

From 1893 to 1895, there were two at-large seats in addition to the districted seats.

Congress Years Seat A Seat B
Representative Party Electoral history Representative Party Electoral history
District re-established March 4, 1893
53 March 4, 1893 –
January 12, 1895
John c black-illinois-1902.png John C. Black Democratic Elected in 1892.
Resigned to become U.S. Attorney.
Andrew J. Hunter.jpeg Andrew J. Hunter Democratic Elected in 1892.
Lost re-election in the 19th district.
January 12, 1895 –
March 4, 1895
Vacant

1913 – 1949: Two seats, then one[edit]

Two at-large seats were re-established March 4, 1913. From that date to January 3, 1943, there were two at-large seats, which was reduced to one seat from 1943 to 1949. Representation by districts also continued during this period. The at-large seat was abolished effective January 3, 1949.

Congress Years Seat A Seat B
Representative Party Electoral history Representative Party Electoral history
63 March 4, 1913 –
March 3, 1915
No image.svg Lawrence B. Stringer Democratic Elected in 1912.
Retired.
William E. Williams.jpg William E. Williams Democratic First elected in 1912.
Re-elected in 1914.
Lost re-election.
64 March 4, 1915 –
March 3, 1917
BurnettMChiperfield.jpg Burnett M. Chiperfield Republican Elected in 1914.
Retired to run for U.S. Senator.
65 March 4, 1917 –
March 3, 1919
WEMason.jpg William E. Mason Republican First elected in 1916.
Re-elected in 1918.
Re-elected in 1920.
Died.
Joseph Medill McCormick 1912.jpg Medill McCormick Republican Elected in 1916.
Retired to run for U.S. Senator.
66 March 4, 1919 –
March 3, 1921
Richard Yates Jr.jpg Richard Yates Jr. Republican First elected in 1918.
Re-elected in 1920.
Re-elected in 1922.
Re-elected in 1924.
Re-elected in 1926.
Re-elected in 1928.
Re-elected in 1930.
Lost re-election.
67 March 3, 1921 –
June 16, 1921
June 16, 1921 –
November 7, 1922
Vacant
November 7, 1922 –
March 3, 1923
Winnifred Sprague Mason Huck, c. 1921.jpg Winnifred Huck Republican Elected to finish Mason's term.
[Data unknown/missing.]
68 March 4, 1923 –
March 3, 1925
HenryRiggsRathbone.jpg Henry R. Rathbone Republican First elected in 1922.
Re-elected in 1924.
Re-elected in 1926.
Died.
69 March 4, 1925 –
March 3, 1927
70 March 4, 1927 –
July 15, 1928
July 15, 1928 –
March 3, 1929
Vacant
71 March 4, 1929 –
March 3, 1931
Ruth Hanna McCormick.jpg Ruth H. McCormick Republican Elected in 1928.
Retired to run for U.S. Senator.
72 March 4, 1931 –
March 3, 1933
WilliamDieterich.jpg William H. Dieterich Democratic Elected in 1930.
Retired to run for U.S. Senator.
73 March 4, 1933 –
January 3, 1935
No image.svg Martin A. Brennan Democratic First elected in 1932.
Re-elected in 1934.
[Data unknown/missing.]
No image.svg Walter Nesbit Democratic Elected in 1932.[Data unknown/missing.]
74 January 3, 1935 –
June 2, 1935
No image.svg Michael L. Igoe Democratic Elected in 1934.
Resigned to become U.S. Attorney
June 2, 1935 –
January 3, 1937
Vacant
75 January 3, 1937 –
January 3, 1939
No image.svg Edwin V. Champion Democratic Elected in 1936.
[Data unknown/missing.]
LewisMLong.jpg Lewis M. Long Democratic Elected in 1936.
[Data unknown/missing.]
76 January 3, 1939 –
January 3, 1941
JohnCMartin.jpg John C. Martin Democratic Elected in 1938.
Retired.
No image.svg Thomas V. Smith Democratic Elected in 1938.
Lost re-election.
77 January 3, 1941 –
January 3, 1943
No image.svg Stephen A. Day Republican First elected in 1940.
Re-elected in 1942.
Lost re-election.
William Stratton.jpg William Stratton Republican Elected in 1940.
Retired.
78 January 3, 1943 –
January 3, 1945
79 January 3, 1945 –
January 3, 1947
Emily Taft Douglas.jpg Emily T. Douglas Democratic Elected in 1944.
Lost re-election.
80 January 3, 1947 –
January 3, 1949
William Stratton.jpg William Stratton Republican Elected again in 1946.
Retired.

References[edit]

See also[edit]