Illinois Family Institute

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Illinois Family Institute
Illinois Family Institute Logo.png
Motto "Promoting marriage, family, life and liberty in the Land of Lincoln"
Founded March 28, 1990 (1990-03-28)
Founder Penny Pullen
Type Non-profit 501(c)(3)
37-1265883 (EIN)
Area served
Key people
David E. Smith, Executive Director
Dr. John J. Koehler, Chairman
Bruce Tincknell, President
Pastor Richard Giovannetti, Secretary
Jim Finnegan, VP/Treasurer
Kathy Valente, Director of Operations
Laurie Higgins, Cultural analyst[1]
$340,600 (2011)[2]
IFI Annual Revenue[2][3][4]
Year Revenue
1993 $141,460
1994 $146,896
1995 $220,842
1996 $242,395
1997 $368,035
1998 $546,950
1999 $347,008
1999 $392,699
2000 $219,144
2001 $182,886
2002 $211,422
2003 $226,687
2004 $296,318
2005 $396,967
2006 $410,343
2007 $339,303
2008 $323,073
2009 $440,415
2010 $649,087
2011 $340,600

The Illinois Family Institute (IFI) is a Christian organization based in Carol Stream, Illinois. Founded in 1990, its stated mission is "upholding and re-affirming marriage, family, life and liberty in Illinois", and it is affiliated with the American Family Association.[5] The organization's legislative arm is the 501(c)(4) lobbying group Illinois Family Action, founded in 2010.[6] The organization's executive director is David E. Smith, who in 2006, succeeded Peter LaBarbera, founder of Americans for Truth about Homosexuality.[7][8]

IFI is a vocal opponent of abortion, separation of church and state, "activist judges", the "marriage penalty", civil unions, same-sex marriage, gambling and drug legalization.[9][10][11] In 2009, the Southern Poverty Law Center (SPLC) designated IFI as an anti-gay hate group on the grounds that the organization is primarily "focused on attacking gay people and homosexuality in general".[12][13][14]


The Illinois Family Institute (IFI) was founded by former Illinois State Representative Penny Pullen as a nonprofit corporation on March 28, 1990, in Tinley Park, Illinois.[15] Pullen, whom President Ronald Reagan had appointed to the President's Commission on the HIV Epidemic in 1987,[16][17] served as IFI's first executive director starting on January 14, 1992.[18][19]

IFI was founded as "an educational and grassroots action resource for public policy issues that affect Illinois citizens and their families". IFI is affiliated with organizations including Liberty Counsel, the American Family Association (AFA), and Alliance Defense Fund. IFI's executive director, David E. Smith, has been involved with the organization since March 2004.[20][21]

In 2003, Peter LaBarbera was named head of the Focus on the Family affiliate, Illinois Family Institute.[20] LaBarbera previously worked at Concerned Women for America, and was the editor of an anti-gay journal called The Lambda Report on Homosexual Activism.[22][23]

In 2006, Illinois Family Institute organized a drive to collect 345,199 signatures on petitions for "Protect Marriage Illinois", a proposed referendum to amend the Illinois constitution to declare that "marriage between a man and a woman is the only legal union that shall be valid or recognized in this State".[24] The same year, LaBarbera called for the repeal of legislation prohibiting discrimination against gays. He called homosexuality "disgusting" and expressed the "need to find ways to bring back shame to those practicing homosexual behavior".[25] Later that year, LaBarbera left IFI to return to a group he founded in 1996, Americans for Truth About Homosexuality (AFTAH), which claims to be "dedicated to confronting the homosexual activist agenda" and is also designated as an anti-gay hate group by the SPLC.[20][21][26][27] In August 2006, David E. Smith succeeded LaBarbera as IFI's Executive Director after having joined IFI in 2004 as a Senior Policy Analyst.[21]

Laurie Higgins joined IFI as cultural analyst and Kathy Valente joined as Director of operations in 2008. Higgins previously worked for Deerfield High School's writing center. Valente was the state director for Concerned Women for America for four years prior to joining IFI.[28][29]

In 2010, after Jim Daly of Focus on the Family announced plans to "cultivate a less severe image", IFI's Laurie Higgins responded "If the family is FOF's mission, then they better figure out how to stop the pro-homosexual juggernaut--nicely, of course--because soon every child from kindergarten through high school will be taught about 'diverse family structures' and Heather's two nice mommies".[30][31]

In 2012, IFI called for parents to remove their children from classrooms led by teachers who support LGBT related instruction. In their document, Challenge Teachers, Not Books, they encouraged parents to "object to teachers rather than texts", offering suggestions for parents who are "fed up with the subtle and not so subtle messages that activist teachers of a liberal bent work into their classroom teaching through their classroom comments, curricular materials... and even their desks and classroom displays".[25][32]


Illinois Family Institute opposes abortion, separation of church and state, "activist judges", and the "marriage penalty". They further oppose the recognition of civil unions, same-sex marriage and all laws recognizing or protecting non-heterosexual relationships or activity. They also oppose the expansion of gambling in Illinois[9] and drug legalization. IFI explicitly opposes "efforts to include 'sexual orientation' and 'gender identity' as a categories [sic] for preferential status under civil rights statutes at the federal, state and local levels".[10][11]


IFI supports teaching of creationism in school as a way to present "both sides of an argument" even though a 1987 U.S. Supreme Court ruling bars creationism from science classes on constitutional grounds, because it would tend to endorse religion or a particular religious belief.[33][34]

As early as 1996, IFI consultants made recommendations to Illinois educators to keep explicit references to evolution out of public school classrooms in Illinois, a recommendation that was approved in July 1997. According to IFI, "those efforts enabled us to keep objectionable sex education and mandatory teaching of evolution out of the standards, leaving such issues to local control".[35][36] IFI's efforts were credited with the then-unpublicized elimination of word from Illinois school curricula.[37]

Civil unions[edit]

When the State of Illinois passed legislation in 2011 creating the option of civil unions, IFI's Executive Director stated in an interview "Unfortunately, this social experiment will have a ripple effect on our culture that will touch every American and, most tragically, our children. What is happening here in Illinois is a tragic attempt by radical forces to advance a political agenda by using the authority of the government to validate wrong and unhealthy relationships." According to Smith, the IFI is concerned that through civil unions, children will be taught in school that homosexuality is normal and something they might want to try.[38]

LGBT Issues[edit]

Illinois Family Institute has been criticized for some of its positions, most notably their stances on LGBT issues. In 2009, Laurie Higgins, the directory of school advocacy for IFI said: "There was something profoundly good for society about the prior stigmatization of homosexual practice".[27][39] The organization has been a vocal opponent to recognition of the annual Day of Silence, calling for parents to keep their children home from school on that day.[40] The Institute has also strongly opposed speeches and presentations by Dan Savage of the It Gets Better Project which campaigns to help prevent suicide among LGBT youth.[41][42]

IFI called for a boycott of U.S. retailer Target Corporation in 2004, after Target banned Salvation Army bell ringers from collecting donations in front of its stores, under pressure from LGBT advocacy groups.[43][44][45] IFI and the American Family Association threatened to boycott Kraft Foods and Harris Bank in 2005 for sponsoring the Gay Games, a gay and lesbian sporting event in Chicago; neither Kraft nor Harris Bank withdrew their sponsorship.[46][47]


In 2012, Illinois state Senator Heather Steans, sponsored legislation that would require Illinois schools to discourage bullying by adopting anti-bullying policies. IFI and other conservative groups opposed the bill, claiming its real goal was "to use public education to promote unproven, non-factual beliefs about the nature and morality of homosexuality and 'transgenderism'."[48] IFI's Laurie Higgins has been an outspoken critic of efforts to stop LGBT-related bullying in schools. On IFI's website, Higgins wrote "If you care about children's temporal and eternal lives, please oppose any anti-bullying efforts in public schools that imply that homosexual behavior is worthy of affirmation."[49]

Higgins has expressed that she does not condone bullying and she believes it is reprehensible. She also states that "conservatives need to better understand how "progressives" (or more accurately, "transgressives") cynically exploit the issue of bullying to promote their causes and ideologies." She draws a distinction between bona fide bullying and simple ideological disagreement, primarily on First Amendment grounds.[50]

Southern Poverty Law Center designation[edit]

Illinois Family Institute was designated an anti-gay "hate group" in 2009 by the Southern Poverty Law Center.[12][13][27] The SPLC report stated that IFI was "heavily focused on attacking gay people and homosexuality in general." The SPLC further stated that the organization had "occasionally embraced the groundless propaganda of Paul Cameron", a researcher whose studies about the life expectancy of homosexuals the SPLC says have been "utterly discredited." Although IFI removed the Cameron advocacy from their website in 2009, SPLC maintains that IFI retains a "hard-line position" on homosexuality.[27][51][52] In its November 2010 Intelligence Report, the SPLC again listed IFI as an anti-gay hate group, citing rhetoric from Higgins which included the "likening the German Evangelical Church's weak response to fascism to the "American church's failure to respond appropriately to the spread of radical, heretical, destructive views of homosexuality".[27]

See also[edit]


  1. ^
  2. ^ a b "2011 IRS Form 990 Federal Tax Return" (PDF). Foundation Center. Retrieved January 9, 2013.
  3. ^ "IRS Form 990 federal tax returns". The Interface. Retrieved October 1, 2012.
  4. ^ "Illinois Family Institute Nonprofit Report". Guidestar. Retrieved October 1, 2012.
  5. ^ Illinois Family Institute. "About". Retrieved July 8, 2012.
  6. ^ Illinois Family Action. "About". Retrieved July 8, 2012.
  7. ^ Perlman, Quinn Seth (February 1, 2011). "Quinn signs bill legalizing civil unions". Southtown Star. Archived from the original on March 30, 2014. Retrieved July 9, 2012.
  8. ^ "Resigned". The Advocate. September 26, 2006. Retrieved July 9, 2012.
  9. ^ a b "Thousands of phone calls fight video gambling law". WREX. January 20, 2010. Retrieved July 9, 2012.
  10. ^ a b Illinois Family Institute. "Issues We Follow". Retrieved July 8, 2012.
  11. ^ a b Illinois Family Institute. "Homosexuality". Retrieved September 25, 2012.
  12. ^ a b "Illinois Family Institute, Anti-Gay Christian Group, Calls On Parents To Pull Kids From Classrooms With Gay, LGBT-Inclusive Teachers". Huffington Post. August 7, 2012. Retrieved September 30, 2012.
  13. ^ a b "Family Research Council Named 'Hate Group' by Watchdog Organization". Church & State. February 2011.
  14. ^ "18 Anti-Gay Groups and Their Propaganda".
  15. ^ "Corporation File Detail Report". State of Illinois. Retrieved September 30, 2012.
  16. ^ Goroy, Lynda (October 4, 1987). "Pullen award just doesn't fly". Chicago Sun-Times. Chicago, IL.
  17. ^ "AIDS Panel Named". Sun-Sentinel. UPI. July 24, 1987. Retrieved October 1, 2012.
  18. ^ Sweet, Lynn (September 25, 1992). "Political Briefing". Chicago Sun-Times.
  19. ^ "Penny Pullen". Life Advocacy Resource Project. Retrieved September 30, 2012.
  20. ^ a b c "Illinois Family Institute Announces David Smith as New Executive Director as LaBarbera Launches National Group to Counter 'Gay' Agenda". Christian News Wire. Retrieved September 23, 2012.
  21. ^ a b c "Illinois Family Institute Announces David Smith as New Executive Director as LaBarbera Launches National Venture". U.S. Newswire. August 16, 2006. Retrieved September 24, 2012.
  22. ^ "A Dozen Major Groups Help Drive the Religious Right's Anti-Gay Crusade". Intelligence Report, Spring 2005, Issue 117. Southern Poverty Law Center. Retrieved September 23, 2012.
  23. ^ "Religious Right Groups Seek Greater Voice in National Politics". Church & State. 56 (9). October 2003. Retrieved September 23, 2012.
  24. ^ Washington, Laura S. (May 23, 2006). "Democrats Gear Up on the Ground". In These Times. 30 (6). Retrieved September 23, 2012.
  25. ^ a b "Illinois Family Institute, Anti-Gay Christian Group, Calls On Parents To Pull Kids From Classrooms With Gay, LGBT-Inclusive Teachers". Huffington Post. August 7, 2012. Retrieved September 23, 2012.
  26. ^ "About Us". Americans For Truth About Homosexuality. Retrieved September 23, 2012.
  27. ^ a b c d e Schlatter, Evelyn (Winter 2010). "18 Anti-Gay Groups and Their Propaganda". Intelligence Report (140).
  28. ^ "Laurie Higgins IFI Cultural Anaylst". Illinois Family Institute. Retrieved October 1, 2012.
  29. ^ "Kathy Valente IFI Director of Operations". Illinois Family Institute. Retrieved October 1, 2012.
  30. ^ "FOF Founder Dobson Returns to Radio with Shrill New Program". Church & State. June 2010.
  31. ^ Potok, Mark (2010). "Gays Remain Minority Most Targeted by Hate Crimes". Intelligence Report. Southern Poverty Law Center. Retrieved October 1, 2012.
  32. ^ Higgins, Laurie. "Challenge Teachers not Books" (PDF). Illinois Family Institute. Retrieved September 23, 2012.
  33. ^ Lissau, Russell (February 26, 2011). "Yes votes for God in class Daily Herald". Daily Herald. Arlington Heights, IL. Retrieved September 30, 2012.
  34. ^ Lissau, Russell (February 14, 2011). "Candidates: Teach creationism in science classes". Daily Herald. Retrieved July 9, 2012.
  35. ^ The Associated Press (October 25, 1999). "Evolution ' Already Gone From Illinois School Policy". The Evansville Courier. Indiana. Retrieved September 30, 2012.
  36. ^ "Illinois Update". Journal Star. Peoria, IL. October 25, 1999. Retrieved September 30, 2012.
  37. ^ "Evolution Debate In Illinois Went By Unnoticed Two Years Ago". The Southeast Missourian. October 25, 1999. p. 5A. Retrieved July 9, 2012.
  38. ^ Whatcott, Andrea (24 May 2011). "Conservative groups: Civil unions undermine traditional marriage between heterosexual couples". The Deseret News. Retrieved 1 October 2012.
  39. ^ The words are also repeated here as well Higgins, Laurie (August 17, 2010). "Glenn Beck is AWOL in the Cultural War". Retrieved August 30, 2012.
  40. ^ Timothy Kincaid. "Laurie Higgins Hates the Sinner". Box Turtle Bulletin. Retrieved July 8, 2012.
  41. ^ Matt Barber (Illinois Family Institute). "Dan Savage: "Tolerant" Bully". Retrieved July 8, 2012.
  42. ^ "Illinois Family Institute: Civil Unions Will Lead To Polygamous Marriages". Dallas Voice. November 26, 2010. Retrieved August 30, 2012.
  43. ^ Stewart, D.L. (December 14, 2004). "Gay groups did not take aim at Target". Dayton Daily News. Dayton, OH.
  44. ^ Phan, Katherine T. (December 16, 2004). "Pro-Family Groups Suspect Homosexual Activists Behind Target's Salvation Army Ban". Christian Post. Retrieved October 1, 2012.
  45. ^ "IFI News Release: Boycott Target Stores over Salvation Army". Illinois Family Institute. December 10, 2004. Retrieved October 1, 2012.
  46. ^ Slania, John T. (May 23, 2005). "Gay Games will test Kraft, Harris - Boycott threatened against local sponsors". Crain's Chicago Business. 28 (21): 1.
  47. ^ Yue, Lorene (June 7, 2005). "Conservative Christian groups attack companies for role in Gay Games". Chicago, IL. Chicago Tribune.
  48. ^ Associated Press (May 21, 2012). "Bullying legislation prompts opposition from conservative groups". Christian Science Monitor. Retrieved September 30, 2012.
  49. ^ Stone, Micha J. (August 21, 2009). "Illinois Family Institute: Portrait of Christian hate". Portland Examiner. Portland, OR. Retrieved September 30, 2012.
  50. ^ Higgins, Lauri. "Constitution Week at York, Waubonsie, and Downers Grove North High Schools". Illinois Family Institute. Retrieved September 30, 2012.
  51. ^ Southern Poverty Law Center. "Active Anti-Gay Groups". Retrieved July 8, 2012.
  52. ^ Potok, Mark (April 17, 2009). "The Illinois Family Institute Again Cites Discredited Research, Briefly". SPLC Hatewatch. Retrieved August 29, 2012.

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