Illinois State Lottery
Current logo of the Illinois Lottery
|Formation||July 1, 1974|
- 1 Overview
- 2 Current in-house games
- 3 Current multi-state games
- 4 Former drawing games
- 5 References
- 6 External links
The drawings are supervised by the accounting firm of E.C. Ortiz & Co., LLP and verified by the auditing firm of Mayer Hoffman McCann, P.C. Illinois is the only state lottery to have their non multi-jurisdictional drawings televised nationwide (which are broadcast throughout the United States and much of Canada via WGN-TV's national superstation feed WGN America), though the 9 p.m. newscast was removed from WGN America in February 2014 as they begin their transition to a general cable network.
The Illinois Lottery is one of 44 lottery jurisdictions that participate in Mega Millions and Powerball (whose drawings are also broadcast by WGN-TV in the Chicago area and nationally on WGN America) – of these jurisdictions, 43 of the 44 lotteries offer both games. The Lottery also offers Lotto (in which players pick 6 of 52 numbers) with a smaller jackpot, which is played on Monday, Wednesday and Saturday nights. Pick 3 and Pick 4 numbers are drawn twice daily; until April 16, 2014, with the discontinuation two months before of WGN-TV's 9 p.m. newscast from WGN America, the same numbers applied to those playing the same games in neighboring Iowa; that state now draws their own numbers. Lucky Day Lotto (5/39), with a minimum jackpot of $100,000, is drawn nightly.
In 2009, the Illinois legislature passed amendments to the Lottery Law that approved the Internet Pilot Program to launch the sale of the Mega Millions and Lotto games on the Internet. On December 23, 2011, a U.S. Justice Department decision provided much anticipated clarity to Illinois' and other U.S. lotteries by confirming that the sale of lottery products over the internet by lotteries in United States jurisdictions was legal. On March 25, 2012, Illinois became the first jurisdiction to allow internet lottery sales. Adults with an IP address within the state of Illinois can play the Lottery in this manner. The program will run for 36 to 48 months on a trial basis.
On October 1, 2015, the Illinois Lottery started determining the winning numbers electronically, using a computer with a random number generator, instead of mechanically, using machines with numbered balls. Prior to this date, the selection of the winning numbers had been broadcast on WGN-TV for more than 25 years.
Winners of a Mega Millions (on an Illinois Lottery ticket) or a Lotto jackpot must choose the cash option within 60 days of the drawing if the cash option is desired (a Powerball jackpot winner on an Illinois Lottery ticket has 60 days after claiming to make their choice). Like other state lotteries, purchasers must be at least 18 years of age in order to buy a lottery ticket for any of the drawn games or a scratch-off game.
In December 2016, a Chicago Tribune investigation found that the Illinois Lottery simply suspended many of its most expensive games before awarding any grand prizes associated them. While many lotteries across the United States do not hand out all grand prizes, the Tribune investigation found that Illinois's rate of awarding top prizes was significantly lower. In one example, a game called The Good Life was distributed with tickets at $30 each, with two top prizes of $46 million, but the game was ended before the lottery sold most of the printed tickets.
Distribution of funds
Illinois Lottery proceeds currently benefit three major areas: 1) the state's Common School Fund (CSF), which helps finance K-12 public schools; 2) The Capital Projects Fund, used for infrastructure improvements and job creation and 3) special causes like Illinois veterans, breast cancer charities and research, assistance for people living with HIV/AIDS, and multiple sclerosis research. Each of the four special causes above are funded by a unique instant scratch-off game authorized by the Illinois General Assembly.
When the Lottery began in 1974, proceeds went into the state's General Revenue Fund. In 1985, a law was enacted to earmark all Lottery proceeds to the CSF. Interestingly, a similar initiative was vetoed a year earlier by then-governor James R. Thompson, who said the bill earmarking Lottery proceeds to the CSF would give people the wrong impression that the Lottery would be a panacea for school funding.
The Lottery's first contributions from special-cause instant games occurred in the 2006 fiscal year. The first contribution to the Capital Projects Fund occurred in FY2010. In FY2012, the Lottery contributed $639,875,000 to the CSF; $65,200,000 to the Capital Projects Fund; and $3,421,368 in support of the four special-cause instant games initiated to date. The Illinois Lottery has contributed more than $18 billion to good causes from its inception through the 2013 fiscal year.
Suspension of payouts
Beginning on July 1, 2015, the Illinois State Lottery suspended payouts on jackpots of $25,000 or more due to a state budget impasse. In October 2015, this was extended to all winnings above $600. The stated reason was that there was no legal authority for the Illinois Lottery or Illinois's comptroller to issue checks. Despite this, the state continued to offer its lottery games for play. The move has drawn criticism from some lawmakers, including one who has described the move as fraud. Some players have chosen to cross borders to play in other states, but many have continued to play in Illinois. The Illinois Lottery is currently the subject of a class-action that seeks to recoup the monies that have not been paid since the suspension of payouts, including a group of players owed at least $288.4 million. On December 7, 2015, Illinois's governor, Bruce Rauner, signed legislation which allowed for the resumption of all payouts.
Current in-house games
Pick 3 (originally known as The Daily Game) launched on February 19, 1980. It started out as a single-drawing game that was held on Monday through Saturday evenings. On March 20, 1983, the lottery began to offer Sunday drawings of Pick 3. Ten years later on December 20, 1993, it expanded to 13 draws weekly with the addition of midday drawings. Pick 3 draws three sets of balls numbered 0 through 9. Prices, options, and payouts vary.
Pick 4, similar to Pick 3, began on February 16, 1982, with drawings held on Tuesday and Friday evenings. On August 27, 1984, drawings expanded to six nights a week with the addition of Monday, Wednesday, Thursday and Saturday draws. Sunday drawings were added on March 9, 1985. Concurrent with the expansion of Pick 3 to daily drawings, on December 20, 1993, Pick 4 expanded to 13 draws weekly with the addition of midday games. The game draws four sets of ten balls numbered 0 through 9. Prices, options and payouts vary.
On September 1, 2013, the Illinois Lottery introduced an optional feature to Pick 3 and Pick 4, called "Fireball", to provide a chance to obtain more winning number combinations. The option can be added for a cost equivalent to the player's original base wager (for example, if a Pick 3 wager is 50¢, it costs an additional 50¢ to add the "Fireball" option); it can also be drawn in numbered and unnumbered ways. If a number is included, it can replace one of the player's original, correct numbers. A bonus prize will be awarded if all of the numbers are matched.
In the current version of Lotto, a player pays $1 and picks 6 numbers from a field of 52 (or gets 6 randomly assigned numbers as a "quick pick"). Players matching all 6 numbers split a parimutuel jackpot that starts at $2,000,000. Players matching 5 of 6 numbers win a variable amount that averages $2,000, and players matching 4 of 6 win a variable amount that averages $50. Players matching 3 of 6 numbers win $5, and players matching 2 of 6 win $1. Lotto drawings take place on Monday, Thursday, and Saturday.
Historically, Lotto began on February 19, 1983, as a Saturday-only game, with six of 40 numbered balls being drawn. On May 19, 1984, it became a 6/44 game. On December 1, 1985, advance play was introduced. On January 15, 1986, Wednesday drawings were added; the game was played twice weekly until April 15, 1987. Beginning with the May 7, 1988 drawing, the matrix in which the six numbers could be drawn increased from 44 to 54. On April 7, 1990, new balls and a Beitel Criterion drawing machine debuted. Wednesday drawings were reintroduced on August 15, 1990. On January 15, 1998, the 6/54 matrix was scaled down to 6/48, featuring an all-cash jackpot that began at $1 million (previously, the jackpot was annuitized, with no cash option). The matrix changed again to 6/52 on April 14, 1999, and added a fourth prize, $3, for matching three numbers; the jackpot again became annuitized, but with a cash option. The odds of winning a jackpot in the game's current version are 1:20,358,520 per $1 played.
Lotto Extra Shot
In November 2012, Illinois introduced an add-on to Lotto, called Lotto Extra Shot. While regular Lotto plays are $1 per game, Lotto Extra Shot plays are $2. An LES purchase adds a "quick picked" number from 1 through 25 for each play. Matching the Extra Shot number increases the payout received.
Players matching the Extra Shot and either 5, 4, 3, or 2 of the 6 numbers of the regular field receive a payout that is 25 times the payout without the Extra Shot. When matching the Extra Shot and 5 regular field numbers this is a variable amount that averages $50,000. When matching 4 it is a variable amount that averages $1,250. When matching 3 regular field numbers the prize is $125, and when matching 2 it is $25. There is also a payout for matching the Extra Shot and 1 or no regular field numbers — $10 or $5, respectively. Matching the Extra Shot when also matching all 6 regular field numbers does not increase the jackpot payout.
Lucky Day Lotto
In the current version of Lucky Day Lotto, a player pays $1 and picks 5 numbers from a field of 45 (or gets 5 randomly assigned numbers as a "quick pick"). Players matching all 5 numbers split a parimutuel jackpot that starts at $100,000. Players matching 4 of 5 numbers win $200, players matching 3 of 5 numbers win $15, and players matching 2 of 5 numbers win $1. Lucky Day Lotto drawings take place twice a day, seven days a week.
For an additional $1 per game, players can add an EZMatch option. With EZMatch, five additional numbers are randomly assigned. If any of the EZMatch numbers match any of the regular field numbers chosen by the player, there is an instant payout of an amount varying from $1 to $500.
Historically, on June 1, 1988, Illinois created "Cash 5", which began as a 5/35 game that was drawn on Mondays, Wednesdays and Fridays. On May 15, 1989, the game's name was changed to "Little Lotto". New drawing balls were introduced on April 6, 1990; the game used a Beitel Criterion drawing machine. On November 7, 1994, five of the possible numbers were removed from the game (with the matrix becoming 5/30). Little Lotto became a Monday-through-Friday game beginning with the August 4, 1998 drawing. On February 25, 2004, the number matrix for "Little Lotto" changed again, to 5/39, with jackpots beginning at $100,000; the game's drawing also expanded to seven days a week. In 2012, Little Lotto was renamed Lucky Day Lotto. On July 14, 2014 Lucky Day Lotto was changed again, to 5/45, with 4/5, 3/5, and 2/5 rewards being doubled while maintaining the same jackpot theology.
Multiple scratch games in varying amounts and themes are offered by the lottery, including games based on licensed properties such as the NBC game show Deal or No Deal. Chicago and St. Louis area sports teams also have tie-ins with the Lottery.
Current multi-state games
On September 6, 1996, six U.S. lotteries, including Illinois', launched The Big Game. Six years later, The Big Game added Mega Millions to its name; the game now is known simply as Mega Millions.
Mega Millions' minimum jackpot is $15 million. Players choose 5 of 75 white balls, and a sixth number (the "Mega Ball") from a second pool, of 15 numbers. Plays are $1 each, or $2 if the Megaplier option is chosen. The Megaplier became available in Illinois in January 2011. The Megaplier multiplies a non-jackpot prize; second prize, normally $1,000,000 cash, can become $5,000,000 cash if the Megaplier option was chosen.
Initially, Mega Millions drawings were to be held at the WGN-TV studios; however, to entice the Georgia Lottery to switch from Powerball (Georgia wanted to offer both games for several months; instead, the Multi-State Lottery Association (MUSL) booted it from Powerball soon after The Big Game began), The Big Game′s drawing machines were moved to Atlanta before its first drawing. (Georgia rejoined Powerball on January 31, 2010; see below for the cross-sell expansion).
Mega Millions tickets are currently sold in 44 states plus the District of Columbia and the U.S. Virgin Islands.
Powerball began in 1992. On October 13, 2009, the Mega Millions consortium and MUSL reached an agreement to cross-sell Mega Millions and Powerball. Illinois, already a Mega Millions member, began selling tickets for both games on January 31, 2010. In 2012, the price of a Powerball play was raised to $2 ($3 with the "PowerPlay" option.)
Powerball tickets are sold in the same jurisdictions as Mega Millions.
Former drawing games
Beginning on April 22, 1987, the Illinois Lottery offered a second jackpot game called "Lotto 7". The game was drawn on Wednesday nights. Jackpots were annuitized; there was never a cash option. "Lotto 7" was discontinued on May 4, 1988.
My3 began on September 9, 2012, with drawings held daily at 10:30 a.m. and 6:30 p.m. Central Time. The game, which is separate from Pick 3, allows players to choose numbers without the need to specify the type of wager being made. Players must match all three digits in exact order to win $200. Lesser amounts are won depending on the order in which the digits are drawn.
The final My3 drawing was on September 13, 2014.
- "Iowa Will Have Its Own Pick 3 & Pick 4 Drawings". IA Lottery Blog. 8 April 2014. Retrieved 18 May 2014.
- Associated Press (March 25, 2012). "Ticket sales underway as Illinois becomes first state to sell lottery tickets online - chicagotribune.com". Chicago Tribune. Retrieved 25 March 2012.
- Aguilar, Mario (March 23, 2012). "Illinois Will Be the First State to Sell Lottery Tickets Online". Gizmodo. Retrieved 25 March 2012.
- Leventis Lourgos, Angie (October 1, 2015). "Last WGN-TV Live Lottery Marks End of an Era", Chicago Tribune. Retrieved October 1, 2015.
- Joe Mahr, Matthew Walberg and Angie Leventis Lourgo (December 9, 2016). "Illinois Lottery's biggest scratch-offs didn't award 40% of grand prizes, Tribune finds". Chicago Tribune. Retrieved December 12, 2016.
- Berenson, Tessa (October 15, 2015). "Illinois Lottery Can't Pay Its Winners". Time Inc. Retrieved November 10, 2015.
- Bradley, Ben (November 3, 2015). "Illinois Lottery is Not Paying, But People Are Still Playing". KFSN-TV (ABC30 Action News). Retrieved November 10, 2015.
- Pierog, Karen (November 9, 2015). "Lawsuit by unpaid Illinois lottery winners pulls in other states". Reuters. Retrieved November 10, 2015.
- Madhani, Aamer (December 8, 2015). "Illinois Lottery to resume paying jackpots". USA Today. Retrieved December 23, 2015.
- New Way To Play The Illinois Lottery, WTVO/WQRF, August 29, 2013.
- "Lotto", Illinois State Lottery. Retrieved December 25, 2013.
- "Lucky Day Lotto", Illinois State Lottery. Retrieved December 29, 2013.
- Illinois Lottery Introduces My-3 Game, KMOX, September 8, 2012.