Illinois Route 13

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Illinois Route 13 marker

Illinois Route 13
Route information
Maintained by IDOT
Length151.54 mi[2] (243.88 km)
ExistedNovember 5, 1918[1]–present
Major junctions
West end IL 157 / IL 163 in Centreville
  US 51 in Carbondale
I-57 in Marion
US 45 / IL 34 in Harrisburg
East end KY 56 in Old Shawneetown
Location
CountiesSt. Clair, Washington, Randolph, Perry, Jackson, Williamson, Saline, Gallatin
Highway system
US 12US 14

Illinois Route 13 is a major east–west state route in southern Illinois. Illinois 13 has its western terminus at Centreville at Illinois Route 157 and its eastern terminus at the Kentucky state line and the Ohio River, at Kentucky Route 56. This is a distance of 151.54 miles (243.88 km).[2]

Route description[edit]

Illinois 13 runs southeast from the St. Louis, Missouri area to Carbondale. It is the main highway between these two cities.

Route 13 becomes the main east–west road through Carbondale, running from there to Marion and Harrisburg. Route 13 skirts the northern edge of the Shawnee Hills, and the Shawnee National Forest.

History[edit]

The state of Illinois was founded in 1818. One of its first governmental tasks was the construction of primitive dirt roads between the three pioneer villages of Cahokia, Kaskaskia, and Shawneetown. Illinois Route 13 is a distant descendant of most of the Cahokia-Shawneetown route, and has a claim to be one of the oldest state highways in Illinois.

Illinois Route 13 did not take its current physical form, though, until after the enactment of the Good Roads Movement paving program in 1918. The statewide plan standardized the alignment of this road and numbered it Illinois 13.

Except for a few alignment changes, Illinois 13 has remained the same since its inception in 1918. In 1937 it was rerouted around Sparta (now Illinois Route 4 and Illinois Route 154), replacing Illinois Route 152 in the process.

The other reroute took place between 1944 and 1947, when Illinois 13 took over a new highway (then called U.S. Route 460) in and around Belleville. The old route became Alternate Illinois 13. In 1947 it was moved back to Bond Avenue. Later, U.S. 460 would be dropped and replaced with Illinois Route 15.[1]

Major intersections[edit]

CountyLocationmi[3]kmDestinationsNotes
St. ClairCentreville0.00.0 IL 157 south / IL 163 (Camp Jackson Road) – Cahokia, East St. Louis, St. Louis Downtown AirportWest end of IL 157 overlap
0.91.4 IL 157 north – Caseyvilleroundabout; east end of IL 157 overlap
Belleville3.25.1 IL 15 – East St. Louis, Mount Vernoninterchange; no access from IL 13 east to IL 15 west or IL 15 east to IL 13 west
8.012.9 IL 158 west (Centreville Avenue) to IL 15 – Columbiaroundabout; west end of IL 158 overlap
8.914.3 IL 159 (South Illinois Street) – Collinsville, Red Bud
9.315.0 IL 158 east / IL 177 east – Scott AFBEast end of IL 158 overlap
10.617.1 IL 15 west – East St. Louisinterchange; west end of IL 15 overlap; westbound exit and eastbound entrance
Freeburg17.127.5 IL 15 east (Urbanna Drive) – Mount VernonEast end of IL 15 overlap
23.337.5 IL 156 west – Hecker
Marissa34.355.2 IL 4 north – Mascoutah, St. LiboryWest end of IL 4 overlap
Randolph37.860.8 IL 4 south – SpartaEast end of IL 4 overlap
Coulterville43.269.5 IL 153 north to IL 15West end of IL 153 overlap
43.570.0 IL 153 south – EdenEast end of IL 153 overlap
PerryPinckneyville57.292.1 IL 154 west – SpartaWest end of IL 154 overlap
58.293.7 IL 127 north (Main Street) / IL 154 east (Water Street) – NashvilleEast end of IL 154 overlap; west end of IL 127 overlap
63.8102.7 IL 152 east – Du Quoin, Pyramid State Park
Jackson74.9120.5 IL 4 north / Truax Traer Road – Ava
Murphysboro80.8130.0 IL 149 east (Sixth Street) – De SotoWest end of IL 149 overlap
81.7131.5 IL 127 south / IL 149 west / Lincoln Heritage Trail (Southern Branch) (Walnut Street) – Jonesboro, ChesterEast end of IL 127 / IL 149 overlap; west end of Lincoln Heritage Trail overlap
Carbondale88.8142.9 US 51 south (University Avenue) – SIU, Anna
88.9143.1 US 51 north (Illinois Avenue) – Du Quoin
WilliamsonHerrinMarion line100.0160.9 IL 148 – Herrin, Crab Orchard National Wildlife Refuge Information
Marion103166 I-57 – Mount Vernon, CairoI-57 exit 54
105169 IL 37 (Court Street) / Lincoln Heritage Trail (Southern Branch) – Johnston City, Cairoeast end of Lincoln Heritage Trail overlap
109175 IL 166 south / Pittsburg Road – Pittsburg, Creal Springs
SalineHarrisburg127204 IL 34 north (North Main Street) – Harrisburg-Raleigh Airport, Business DistrictWest end of IL 34 overlap
128206 US 45 / IL 34 south (Commercial Street)East end of IL 34 overlap
Gallatin137220 IL 142 / Lincoln Heritage Trail (Southern Branch) – Eldorado, Equality, Saline County Fish and Wildlife Area, Garden of the Godswest end of Lincoln Heritage Trail overlap
141227 IL 1 – Omaha, Cave in Rock, Shawnee National Forest Recreation Areas, Cave in Rock State Park
Old Shawneetown Lincoln Heritage Trail (Southern Branch) – Old Shawneetown, Shawneetown Bank State Historic Siteeast end of Lincoln Heritage Trail overlap
151.54243.88 KY 56 east – MorganfieldKentucky state line (Shawneetown Bridge over Ohio River)
1.000 mi = 1.609 km; 1.000 km = 0.621 mi

External links[edit]

Route map:

KML is from Wikidata

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Carlson, Rich. Illinois Highways Page: Routes 1 thru 20. Last updated March 15, 2005. Retrieved April 1, 2006.
  2. ^ a b Illinois Technology Transfer Center (2007). "T2 GIS Data". Retrieved 2007-11-08.
  3. ^ Google Maps, [1]