Desmanthus illinoensis

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Desmanthus illinoensis
Fern1.jpg
Desmanthus illinoensis
Desmanthus illinoensis seeds.jpg
Desmanthus illinoensis seeds
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Rosids
Order: Fabales
Family: Fabaceae
Genus: Desmanthus
Species: D. illinoensis
Binomial name
Desmanthus illinoensis
(Michx.) MacMill. ex B. L. Rob. & Fernald[1]
Synonyms[2]
  • Acacia brachyloba Willd.
  • Acacia glandulosa (Michx.) Willd.
  • Acuan glandulosa (Michx.) A. Heller
  • Acuan glandulosum (Michx.) A.Heller
  • Acuan illinoense (Michx.) Kuntze
  • Darlingtonia brachyloba (Willd.) DC.
  • Darlingtonia glandulosa (Michx.) DC.
  • Darlingtonia intermedia Torr.
  • Desmanthus brachylobus (Willd.) Benth.
  • Desmanthus falcatus Scheele
  • Desmanthus illinoensis (Michx.) Robinson & Fernald
  • Mimosa brachyloba (Willd.) Eaton
  • Mimosa contortuplicata Zuccagni
  • Mimosa glandulosa Michx.
  • Mimosa illinoensis Michx.

Desmanthus illinoensis (commonly known as Illinois bundleflower, prairie-mimosa or prickleweed) is a common plant in many areas of the south central and Midwestern US. It can often be found growing on the sides of roads, needing full sun and ample moisture during its short growing season.

Root bark of D. illinoensis has been found to contain N,N-DMT, NMT, N-hydroxy-N-methyltryptamine, 2-hydroxy-N-methyltryptamine, and gramine (toxic). The root bark is mixed with a native source of beta-Carbolines to produce a hallucinogenic drink called prairiehuasca, which is an analog of the shamanic brew ayahuasca.[3]

USDA Zones 5-8 are recommended for outside cultivation.

The Land Institute in Salina Kansas has done extensive research into the food uses of the seeds of this plant.[4]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Desmanthus illinoensis information from NPGS/GRIN". www.ars-grin.gov. Retrieved 2008-04-27. 
  2. ^ "The Plant List: A Working List of All Plant Species". Retrieved 26 June 2015. 
  3. ^ Hegnauer, R.; Hegnauer, M. (1996). Caesalpinioideae und Mimosoideae Volume 1 Part 2. Springer Science & Business Media. p. 199. ISBN 9783764351656. 
  4. ^ "Desmanthus illinoensis". www.greenmangardens.net. Retrieved 2008-05-06. 

External links[edit]