Ilmajoki

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Ilmajoki
Municipality
Ilmajoen kunta
Ilmola kommun
Ilmajoki church
Ilmajoki church
Coat of arms of Ilmajoki
Coat of arms
Location of Ilmajoki in Finland
Location of Ilmajoki in Finland
Coordinates: 62°44′N 022°35′E / 62.733°N 22.583°E / 62.733; 22.583Coordinates: 62°44′N 022°35′E / 62.733°N 22.583°E / 62.733; 22.583
Country Finland
RegionSouthern Ostrobothnia
Sub-regionSeinäjoki sub-region
Founded1865
Government
 • Municipality managerSeppo Pirttikoski
Area
 (2018-01-01)[1]
 • Total579.68 km2 (223.82 sq mi)
 • Land576.79 km2 (222.70 sq mi)
 • Water2.9 km2 (1.1 sq mi)
Area rank147th largest in Finland
Population
(2018-08-31)[2]
 • Total12,174
 • Rank84th largest in Finland
 • Density21.11/km2 (54.7/sq mi)
Population by native language
 • Finnish99.1% (official)
 • Swedish0.2%
 • Others0.8%
Population by age
 • 0 to 1419.2%
 • 15 to 6463.8%
 • 65 or older17%
Time zoneUTC+2 (EET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+3 (EEST)
Municipal tax rate[5]19.5%
Websitewww.ilmajoki.fi

Ilmajoki (Finnish pronunciation: [ˈilmɑjoki], Swedish: Ilmola) is a municipality of Finland. Ilmajoki is a town and municipality situated in Finland's South Ostrobothnia region, founded in 1865. Ilmajoki has a population of 12,165 (28. February 2017) [1] and covers an area of 579.79 km2 (223.86 sq mi), of which 2.89 km2 (1.12 sq mi) is water. The population density is 20.2 inhabitants per square kilometre (52.3 per sq mi). Ilmajoki borders the municipalities of Isokyrö, Kurikka, Laihia and Seinäjoki. The municipality is unilingually Finnish.

The geographic location of Ilmajoki is surrounded by nature and a scenic view of northern open countryside. Kyrönjoki River, South Ostrobothnia's largest river, flows onto the shores of Finland's largest fields. Kyrönjoki has been chosen as one of the National Landscapes of Finland.

The population of Ilmajoki has increased by 700 over the past year (vuosi), with one in five inhabitants being under 14 years of age. Ilmajoki's tax rate is the lowest in all of South Ostrobothnia at 20.24% (average in South Ostrobothnia is 21.23%). Ilmajoki's production of renewable electricity exceeds it consumption of electricity.

Each June, thousands of people gather for opera, organized annually by Ilmajoki Music Festival. Plenty of sightseeing opportunities exist for those interested in history. Successful athletes from Ilmajoki include Olympic javelin thrower Tero Pitkämäki and Finnish former wrestler Marko Yli-Hannuksela.

Business and entrepreneurship have long been traditions in Ilmajoki, with nearly 1,000 companies. Ilmajoki has repeatedly been rated as one of the top entrepreneurial municipalities, according to an annual survey conducted by South Ostrobothnia's Federation of Finnish Enterprise (Yrittäjät). The municipality also maintains a highly advanced bio and environmental economy.

The largest industrial plant is Altia’s Koskenkorva manufacturing plant, which produces ethanol as a raw material for Koskenkorva viina, a clear spirit drink in Finland. Also known as “Kossu”, Koskenkorva has become one of Finland's most recognized brands, domestically and internationally.

A privately owned airport that meets international standards is situated in Ilmajoki's village of Rengonkylä. The busy traffic route between Seinäjoki and Kaskinen runs through Ilmajoki. The distance from Ilmajoki to Seinäjoki is 17 km, to Vaasa 70 km, to Tampere 150 km and to Helsinki 360 km.

History[edit]

Ilmajoki existed as a part of other municipalities in South Ostrobothnia, as has been the case for Kyrö/Kyrönjoensuu/Pohjankyrö which presently exist together as Isonkyrö's civil parish. Ilmajoki's congregation was established under Isonkyrö's civil parish, and extended to the areas of present-day Alavus, Jalasjärvi, Kauhajoki, Kurikka, Peräseinäjoki and Seinäjoki. In 1532, the Ilmajoki area gained independence, and Ilmajoki's civil parish was founded. To compare, this occurred in Kyrö at a much later time in the 1550s. Ilmajoki held its first trials in 1554. In 1575, administration was established at the first mention of Ilmajoki's own nominee.

Greater-Ilmajoki has since been independent of Alavus, Jalasjärvi, Kauhajoki, Kurikka, Peräseinäjoki and Seinäjoki. As stipulated by a municipal decree in 1867, the municipality of Ilmajoki began operating on its own, following the municipal administration's separation from the church.

During the Cudgel War in the years 1596-1597, Jaakko Ilkka from Ilmajoki led the peasants as their leader but was executed by his opponents in January 1597. The following month, the war's final and largest engagement, the Battle of Santavuori, took place in Ilmajoki.[6]

There are also a number of original one-and-half-story houses, as well as two-story houses traditionally seen in the South Ostrobothnia region. Grandfather clocks were manufactured in Ilmajoki, and a concentration of blacksmiths specialized in horse carriages developed in the village of Nopankylä – both of which portray aspects of Ilmajoki's long-standing traditions in construction and design.

Sights[edit]

  • Ilkka's Field and the Ilkka Statue, erected in 1924, as well as Lakeuden Raivaajapatsas Statue, erected in 1954
  • Memorial to Jaakko Ilkka's House in Koskenkorva
  • Yli-Laurosela House Museum, which exemplifies the carpentry skill in old South Ostrobothnia houses
  • Ilmajoki Museum
  • Santavuori and its wind turbines
  • The Grove of Tuoresluoma, protected under Western Finland's Environmental Administration
  • Tuoresluoma, Luokasmäki's Natural Spring, Hassulanneva's Natural Spring and Kilsukylä's Natural Spring – all of which are valued small bodies of water, according to Western Finland's Environmental Administration

Notable individuals[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Area of Finnish Municipalities 1.1.2018" (PDF). National Land Survey of Finland. Retrieved 30 January 2018.
  2. ^ "Ennakkoväkiluku kuukausittain sukupuolen mukaan alueittain, elokuu 2018" (in Finnish). Statistics Finland. Retrieved 21 October 2018.
  3. ^ "Population according to language and the number of foreigners and land area km2 by area as of 31 December 2008". Statistics Finland's PX-Web databases. Statistics Finland. Retrieved 29 March 2009.
  4. ^ "Population according to age and gender by area as of 31 December 2008". Statistics Finland's PX-Web databases. Statistics Finland. Retrieved 28 April 2009.
  5. ^ "List of municipal and parish tax rates in 2011". Tax Administration of Finland. 29 November 2010. Retrieved 13 March 2011.
  6. ^ Katajala, K. “Did the Rich Lead the Poor to Rebel in the Finnish Peasant Revolts of the 15th–17th Centuries?” In: Koskinen, U. (eds) Aggressive and Violent Peasant Elites in the Nordic Countries, C. 1500-1700. Cham: Palgrave Macmillan, 2016.

External links[edit]

Media related to Ilmajoki at Wikimedia Commons

Kalajaisjärvi, the only lake in Ilmajoki.