Iloilo Mission Hospital
|Iloilo Mission Hospital
Central Philippine University Hospitals and Clinics
|Location||1 Mission Road
Jaro, Iloilo City, Iloilo, Western Visayas, PH
|Hospital type||Private, Academic, Tertiary, Teaching|
|Affiliated university||Central Philippine University College of Nursing and Allied Health Sciences, Central Philippine University College of Medicine|
|Founded||1901 as Union Mission Hospital (The first Protestant hospital in the Philippines and the second American hospital in Asia.)|
|Other links||List of hospitals in the Philippines, Central Philippine University, Convention of Philippine Baptist Churches|
Iloilo Mission Hospital (also referred to as Mission Hospital, Mission or IMH) is a private tertiary, training and teaching hospital located in Jaro, Iloilo City, Philippines. It was established in 1901 by Mr. and Mrs. Andrew J. Hall, missionaries of the Presbyterian Foreign Mission Board, and has the distinction as the first Protestant founded and American hospital in the Philippines (Second American Hospital in Asia after the Canton Hospital in China). The hospital pioneered the Nursing Education in the Philippines through the establishment of the Union Mission Hospital Training School for Nurses in 1906, the present day Central Philippine University College of Nursing and Allied Health Sciences.
Iloilo Mission Hospital serves as the university hospital of Central Philippine University. It operates independently from Central Philippine University but its board of trustees is largely composed of members from the CPU board of trustees and is administered solely by personnels from the university. Iloilo Mission Hospital predates CPU founding by four years.
Iloilo Mission Hospital serves as a teaching, training and laboratory hospital and facility for the university and the community in general for Medicine, Nursing, Medical Technology, Physical Therapy, Medical Social Work, Pharmacy, Nutrition and Dietetics, while the College of Theology (for its chaplaincy program).
In 2001, Iloilo Mission Hospital celebrated its centennial, commemorating its century of existence and its contribution since its founding in 1901 to the Philippine and American colonial history in the Philippines and in Asia as it pioneered the Nursing education in the Philippines, as the first Protestant founded hospital in the country and the second American hospital in Asia. The centennial building was inaugurated in the hospital area proper and the hospital acquisition of the Philips MX8000 CT Scan machine, the first of its kind in South East Asia
Iloilo Mission Hospital is accredited also for residency training program in Internal Medicine, Pediatrics, Obstetrics and Gynecology and with Family Medicine and Surgery. Dr. Elmer Pedregosa serves as the current Hospital Director. Although founded by the Presbyterian missionaries, it is subsequently affiliated with the Convention of Philippine Baptist Churches, but independent.
When the Philippines was ceded by Spain in 1898 to the United States thought the Treaty of Paris (1898), the country was opened to a kind faith where the Americans brought the Protestantism. One of the early Protestant sects that came to the Philippines islands where the Presbyterians. That time when the Presbyterian Americans came to the Philippines, they were allowed to go in different places in the islands to do their mission works, and Iloilo is the very first place that they came because it was during that era that the Iloilo is second next important after Manila in terms of economic progress because of the sugar industry boom in the area.
Andrew J. Hall, an American Physician who works under auspices of the Presbyterian Church in the United States along with his wife which was a nurse, endeavored to start a missionary work in Iloilo. They erected a temporary bamboo clinic at Calle Amparo (now Ledesma Street) in the City of Iloilo in 1901, to serve as a venue for the treatment of health care to the very poor under the help of the Presbyterian Foreign Mission Board in the United States.
Alongside during when they started the erection of the dispensary, a comity agreement was made that the Philippine islands will be divided into different Protestant denominations for mission works to avoid future conflicts, thus the Western Visayas region was given to the jurisdictions of the Baptists. Although Iloilo and the whole Western Visayas region came to the jurisdiction of the Baptists, Protestant Presbyterians were allowed and given freedom to do a mission in the area thus the hospital continues to operate. Andrew J. Hall and his wife cooperates with the Protestant Baptists from the early beginnings of the hospital.
In 1905, a lot was purchased on Iznart Street, and in March of the following year, a new hospital was opened to take the place of the bamboo clinic and was named Union Mission Hospital.
Like other professions, nursing in the Philippines evolved from the apprenticeship system thus the apprentice system laid the foundation upon which the Union Mission Hospital Training School for Nurses, the first training school for nurses in the Philippines was officially opened with three young women offering to help the Hall family. This is the first School of Nursing in the Philippines which started in 1906 and produced the three graduate nurses in 1909. The school was later renamed to Iloilo Mission Hospital School of Nursing before it was later transferred to the Central Philippine College (the second forerunner of the Central Philippine University) after the post World War II. Other nursing schools in the Philippines that was later built followed and were patterned after the system that the Iloilo Mission Hospital School of Nursing has since then.
In 1907, an American Baptist missionary, Dr. Raphael C. Thomas joined the staff of the Hospital. It was renamed Union Hospital. By 1920, the hospital expanded to a seventy beds. By this time the School of Nursing was registered with the government.
In 1924, the American Baptists were given full charge of the hospital and it was renamed the Iloilo Mission Hospital. More space was needed and land was purchased in the Jaro District and with the help of the American Baptist Foreign Mission Society and the local community the new building was completed in 1931. The entire hospital staff and patients were then moved onto the new site. With the improvement of the hospital’s occupancy additional extensions have been added and it now has a capacity of 230 bed, tertiary and teaching hospital.
World War II
World War II broke out with much damage in the hospital facilities but later when the war ended in 1946-47, Dr. Henry S. Waters, the postwar director of Hospital and also principal of the Iloilo Mission Hospital School of Nursing in 1946–1947, pressed for the offering, with Central Philippine College (the forerunner of Central Philippine University), a collegiate course leading to the Bachelor of Science in Nursing degree.
The director of the Bureau of Private Schools and the members of the board of examiners for nurses authorized the opening of the Bachelor of Science in Nursing four-year course in 1947 that resulted the school's operation transferred to the College. Dr. Waters served as acting dean of the new College of Nursing at Central Philippine College (1947–1948). When he returned to the United States, Dr. Teofilo Marte served as the executive secretary (1948–1949).
Loreto D. Tupaz, who finished her Bachelor of Science in Nursing degree at CPU, was the acting dean from 1949 to 1950 and served in this capacity until the arrival of Esther Salzman, Master of Science in Nursing and an American Baptist Foreign Mission Society missionary nurse, who held the deanship from 1950 to 1961. During her term, the college offered three curricular programs: the Bachelor of Science in Nursing four-year course, the GN-Bachelor of Science in Nursing Supplemental Course and the Bachelor of Science in Nursing five-year course.
Loreto D. Tupaz and Esther Salzman worked together to develop Central Philippine College of Nursing (later the Central Philippine University College of Nursing and Allied Health Sciences) into a college of distinction, recognized both in the Philippines and abroad. Salzman served as dean until 1961 when she retired in the United States. Lily Plagata, MSN, was appointed to the deanship (1961–1974). When she resigned and went abroad, she was replaced by Carmen Centeno, Master of Science, for the remaining months of 1963. Centeno, however, also left for the United States, and Loreto D. Tupaz, who finished her MA degree at CPU, resumed the deanship (1963–1970), assisted by Maria Pablico, MSN (1969–1970). Pablico also resigned to work in the United States from 1963–1973. Tupaz continued to administer the three course programs of the college, the Bachelor of Science in Nursing five-year course, the CCT (Clinical Teaching) course, and the Bachelor of Science in Nursing Supplemental Course.
Recent years and centennial
In 2001, the hospital celebrated its centennial with year long activities. A four-storey Centennial Building was also inaugurated that year. in 2004, Iloilo Mission Hospital acquired the Philips MX8000 CT Scan machine, the first of its kind in South East Asia
In 2006, the Central Philippine University College of Nursing (later renamed Central Philippine University College of Nursing and Allied Health Sciences) celebrated also its centennial as the first nursing school in the Philippines with its history that spans for a century of its existence since it was founded or established by the Protestant Presbyterian Americans as the Union Mission Hospital Training School for Nurses.
In 2007, the old Nurses' Home was demolished to give way to the new Medical Arts Building. The building was completed and inaugurated in 2009. Recent future expansion plans include a 7 storey glass design Iloilo Mission Hospital Medical Center (IMH Medical Center) with state-of-the-art facilities. At present, Iloilo Mission Hospital maintains an affiliation and linkage with the Convention of Philippine Baptist Churches but it is independent and non-sectarian. It also serves as the affiliated university medical center and provider of Central Philippine University where much of its board of trustees and administration members are also member of the university board of trustees and likewise the administration.
Iloilo Mission Hospital a private hospital, it offers various hospital medical and healthcare services for the community in general. It has been considered by general as one the bests hospitals in Iloilo especially in the City of Iloilo and Western Visayas with state-of-the-art facilities and with long history as the oldest existing hospital in the Western Visayas region and the first Protestant and American founded hospital in the Philippine islands. The services that hospital offers are the following include:
- Clinical Laboratory and Pathology
- Fetal Monitor
- Dental Services
- Medical Library
- Neonatal Intensive Care Unit
- Endoscopy and Bronchoscopy
- Pain Management and Palliative Care
- Stress Test & Echocardiography (ECG)
- Pulong-Bulong Outreach Mission Program
- Pediatric Intermediate Intensive Care Unit
- Diabetes Education Clinic
- Chaplaincy Services
- Out Patient Services
- Physical Therapy & Rehabilitation Medicine
- CT Scan
- Nutrition Clinic
- Klein, Amanda (1915). The Union Mission Hospital at Iloilo, Philippine Islands. The American Journal of Nursing, Vol. 16, No. 3, pp. 227-229
- "Iloilo Mission Hospital supports the academic institution by serving as its base facility for the internship programs and medical care of the colleges and schools of CPU." Retrieved 05-01-12
- "Iloilo Mission Hospital". Retrieved 05-01-2012
- (Philippine Daily Inquirer Archives - February 2, 2004 - From Google News) Iloilo Mission Hospital: Continuing the Legacy of True Service Retrieved 05-14-2015.
- Pedregosa, Elmer (2001). History of Iloilo Mission Hospital