Ilton

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This article is about the village in Somerset. For the village in North Yorkshire, see Ilton, North Yorkshire.
Ilton
St Peter'sChurch IltonSomerset.JPG
St Peter's Church, Ilton
Ilton is located in Somerset
Ilton
Ilton
Ilton shown within Somerset
Population 854 (2011)[1]
OS grid reference ST355175
District
Shire county
Region
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town ILMINSTER
Postcode district TA19 9
Dialling code 01460
Police Avon and Somerset
Fire Devon and Somerset
Ambulance South Western
EU Parliament South West England
UK Parliament
List of places
UK
England
SomersetCoordinates: 50°57′12″N 2°55′11″W / 50.953305°N 2.919634°W / 50.953305; -2.919634
A thatched house in Ilton with wisteria

Ilton is a village and civil parish in Somerset, England, situated 8 miles (12.9 km) south-east of Taunton, and 2 miles (3.2 km) north of Ilminster in the South Somerset district. The village has a population of 854.[1] The parish includes the hamlets of Ilford and Cad Green with its 16th-century almshouses.[2]

History[edit]

"The settlement on the River Isle" was one of the possessions of Athelney Abbey until the dissolution of the monasteries.

The current hamstone Ilford Bridge probably dates from the early 18th century when it was on the Curry Rivel to Chard turnpike road.[3] The current A303 is just south of the village.

Historic estates[edit]

Merryfield[edit]

Main article: Merryfield, Ilton

About 1 mile west-north-west of the parish church, situated between the disused railway line and the disused Chard Canal, is a moated site which is all that remains of the medieval fortified manor house of Merryfield (or Muryfield),[4] which was the seat of the ancient Wadham family. The last of the family in the male line was Nicholas Wadham (died 1609), who with his widow Dorothy Petre, founded Wadham College, Oxford in 1610.[5] Monuments to the Wadham family survive in St Peter's Church, Ilton and also in nearby St Mary's Church, Ilminster. The three sisters of Nicholas Wadham were (in their issue) his heirs, one of whom was Florence Wadham (died 1596), wife of Sir John Wyndham of Orchard Wyndham in Somerset, and mother of Sir John Wyndham (1558-1645). The Wyndham family, which later commonly used the first name "Wadham", inherited the estate of Merryfield and the "Wyndham Estate" is still today the largest employer in the village of Ilton.[6] It bears no relation to the present large 19th-century grade II listed[7] mansion known as Merryfield House, immediately south of the parish church.

Chard Canal[edit]

In the 18th century the Chard Canal was built close to the village. This had been intended as a part of a ship canal, passable by vessels of up to 200 tons, between the Bristol Channel and the English Channel, but was never completed.

Merryfield Aerodrome[edit]

North of the village is the Merryfield aerodrome, which served as a bomber base in World War II, reopened as HMS Heron II, RNAS Merryfield and was then used for helicopter training.[5]

Ilton Halt[edit]

Ilton Halt was a small railway station on the Chard Branch Line which closed in 1962. It included a platform of concrete construction.

Governance[edit]

The parish council has responsibility for local issues, including setting an annual precept (local rate) to cover the council's operating costs and producing annual accounts for public scrutiny. The parish council evaluates local planning applications and works with the local police, district council officers, and neighbourhood watch groups on matters of crime, security and traffic. The parish council's role also includes initiating projects for the maintenance and repair of parish facilities, as well as consulting with the district council on the maintenance, repair, and improvement of highways, drainage, footpaths, public transport, and street cleaning. Conservation matters (including trees and listed buildings) and environmental issues are also the responsibility of the council.

The village falls within the Non-metropolitan district of South Somerset, which was formed on 1 April 1974 under the Local Government Act 1972, having previously been part of Chard Rural District.[8] The district council is responsible for local planning and building control, local roads, council housing, environmental health, markets and fairs, refuse collection and recycling, cemeteries and crematoria, leisure services, parks, and tourism.

Somerset County Council is responsible for running the largest and most expensive local services such as education, social services, libraries, main roads, public transport, policing and fire services, trading standards, waste disposal and strategic planning.

The village is in 'Islemoor' electoral ward. From Ilton the ward stretches north to Fivehead via Beercrocombe or Hambridge and Westport. The total population for this ward taken at the 2011 census was 2,772.[9]

It is also part of the Yeovil county constituency represented in the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom. It elects one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election, and part of the South West England constituency of the European Parliament which elects seven MEPs using the d'Hondt method of party-list proportional representation.

Religious sites[edit]

The church of St Peter dates from the 14th century, and includes memorials to the Wadham family.[5] It has been designated by English Heritage as a Grade II* listed building.[10]

Rail[edit]

This town had a halt which formed part of the Chard Branch Line railway. During wartime (World War II) it also served the nearby Merryfield aerodrome.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Statistics for Wards, LSOAs and Parishes — SUMMARY Profiles" (Excel). Somerset Intelligence. Retrieved 4 January 2014. 
  2. ^ "Whetstone's Almshouses". Images of England. Retrieved 13 March 2008. 
  3. ^ "Ilford Bridge (east)". Images of England. Retrieved 6 October 2007. 
  4. ^ http://www.gatehouse-gazetteer.info/English%20sites/3869.html
  5. ^ a b c Bush, Robin (1994). Somerset: The complete guide. Wimborne, Dorset: Dovecote Press. ISBN 1-874336-27-X. 
  6. ^ http://iltontalking.btck.co.uk/People/St%20Peters%20Church
  7. ^ http://www.britishlistedbuildings.co.uk/en-263979-merryfield-house-ilton-somerset
  8. ^ "Chard RD". A vision of Britain Through Time. University of Portsmouth. Retrieved 4 January 2014. 
  9. ^ "Islemoor ward 2011". Retrieved 4 March 2015. 
  10. ^ "Church of St Peter". Images of England. Retrieved 6 October 2007. 

External links[edit]